Papers and speeches
- Walden Bello Why Today's Collapse of the Doha Round Negotiations is the Best Outcome for Developing Countries 25 July 2006
- Dot Keet Key Economic and Political Challenges Arising from the WTO Ministerial Conference in Hong Kong [PDF], AIDC, April 2006
- Walden Bello Nothing to Gain, Everything to Lose. Developing Country Prospects at the Hong Kong WTO and Beyond Quezon City, Philippines, 25 November 2005
- Dot Keet Further Industrial Tariff Liberalisation Through the WTO AIDC, July 2005
The next WTO ministerial is scheduled for December and will take place in Hong Kong. In this paper, an extract from a longer one, Dot Keet advises African governments not to give in the Non-Agricultural Market Access Negotiations (NAMA). Contrary to the necessary production-oriented needs of African countries, NAMA promises to increase their external flows and dependence, while decreasing or imperilling their internally rooted productive capacities. African governments should learn from the earlier WTO Ministerial Meeting in Cancún, where alliances of developing countries (G90, G20) based on effective issue-based coalitions and broader cross-sectoral alliances can make positive advances.
- Susan George Reflexions sur l'Accord de Hong Kong: L'OMC au service des transnationales TNI Website, 19 December 2005
- Susan George reports from Hong Kong:
- Walden Bello The Real Meaning of Hong Kong: Brazil and India Join the Big Boys’ Club 22 December 2005
- Boris Kagarlitsky A Good No-Go for WTO 22 December 2005
- Dot Keet Why South Africa Needs to Oppose GATS Business Report (Johannesburg), 8 December 2005
- Roeline Knottnerus Services Outcome of the Meeting with EU Ambassador Trojan TNI Website, 20 October 2005
- Walden Bello Are the WTO Talks in Trouble? Don't Bet On It Focus on the Global South, 16 August 2005
The recent WTO General council meeting in Geneva failed to arrive at substantive agreements in any of the critical areas of negotiations: agriculture, non-agricultural products, and services. Critics of the coming WTO ministerial in Hong Kong were cheered by this as a sign of setback. Bello says it is too early to celebrate and warns of the possible raw offers to some developing countries that would induce them to come to a deal. In this case, civil society pressure is essential to prevent developing country governments from signing up to processes that will drastically reduce their policy space. - Versión español
- Walden Bello The End of an Illusion. WTO Reform, Global Civil Society and the Road to Hong Kong Focus on Trade, April 2005 - Versión español
- Boris Kagarlitsky Making WTO Happy, Not Average Russians The Moscow Times, 27 January 2005
In an effort to push forward Russia's entry into the WTO, the housing, education and health care sectors are being opened up to competition and privatisation. Politically speaking, Putin himself is the main force behind these anti-social measures, and the Presidential Administration is doing all it can to implement this programme, running roughshod over popular discontent as well as the resistance of a bureaucracy that realizes this will not end well, writes Kagarlitsky.
- Walden Bello Roller Coaster of a Decade for the World Trade Organization Focus on the Global South, 26 January 2005
On the 10th anniversary of WTO, Bello analyses the state of affairs of the organisation which, after the defeat in Cancún, has changed tactics in dealing with critics. It has managed to break the alliance of developing countries by co-opting Brazil and India on the agriculture issue. It has also transferred the powers of ministerial meetings to the Geneva-based General Council in order to defuse the power of civil society protests. This shift of authority could prove to be counter-productive, warns Bello.
- Susan George Report on the "Etats généraux" of Local Governments against the GATS TNI Website, 18 November 2004
- Praful Bidwai Unequal Bargain at WTO Teh Daily Star, 23 August 2004
- Walden Bello and Aileen Kwa G20 Leaders Succumb to Divide-and-Rule Tactics. The Story behind Washington's Triumph in Geneva Focus on the Global South, 10 August 2004
The "July framework" negotiations were a departure from traditional North-South trade negotiations and may set patterns for things to come, writes Bello. The trade superpowers learned from the debacle of Cancún, and moved from confrontational strategy to one on co-optation and subtle divide and rule tactics. By bringing the leaders of the G20 into the centre of the negotiations and playing to their specific interests, they managed to sideline the group, thus diluting the strength of the negotiating position of the South. The "July framework" negotiations were a departure from traditional North-South trade negotiations and may set patterns for things to come, writes Bello. The trade superpowers learned from the debacle of Cancún, and moved from confrontational strategy to one on co-optation and subtle divide and rule tactics. By bringing the leaders of the G20 into the centre of the negotiations and playing to their specific interests, they managed to sideline the group, thus diluting the strength of the negotiating position of the South. - Versión español
- Walden Bello D-Day for the WTO Focus on the Global South, 28 July 2004
Commenting on the "July Framework", a document issued by the WTO General Council in Geneva at the end of July, Bello says developing country governments should consider that rejection of the July text may no longer suffice. It is time they actively explore or create other trade mechanisms or frameworks to make development and trade complementary, he argues. Commenting on the "July Framework", a document issued by the WTO General Council in Geneva at the end of July, Bello says developing country governments should consider that rejection of the July text may no longer suffice. It is time they actively explore or create other trade mechanisms or frameworks to make development and trade complementary, he argues.
- Dot Keet Challenging WTO Rules Countering Regional Development Strategies AIDC Regional Briefing 3/2004
- Susan George Faire dérailler l'OMC TNI Website, 10 October 2003
After Cancùn, Susan George declares victory and calls for time-out to reflect on long-term objectives with regards to the campaign to derail the WTO.
- Walden Bello The Economics of Empire New Labor Forum, Fall 2003 - Versión español
- Walden Bello Implications of Cancún ZNet, 23 September 2003 - Versión español
- Walden Bello There is Life after Cancún Bangkok Post, 21 September 2003
The collapse of the WTO meeting in Cancún represented a victory for people throughout the world. The coalition of developing countries that emerged at the summit (Group of 21) is a new development that could alter the global balance of forces. The group found a natural ally in global civil society, whose challenge now is to redouble its efforts to dismantle the structures of inequality and to push for alternative arrangements for global economic co-operation that would truly advance the interests of the poor, the marginalised and the disempowered.
- John Cavanagh and Robin Broad A Turning Point for World Trade? The Baltimore Sun, 18 September 2003
At the WTO meeting in Cancún, it was the first time in decades of globalisation negotiations that democracy trumped narrow elite interests. India, Brazil, China and nearly two dozen other poor nations, representing more than half of the globe's population, negotiated as a bloc. With backing from a wide array of citizen groups, they rejected the meeting's final text, which, as usual, was crafted to address the corporate interests of richer nations. In short, the many derailed a trade agenda for the few.
- Walden Bello Multilateral Punishment. The Philippines in the WTO, 1995-2003 Focus on the Global South, 20 June 2003
The report traces the Philippine experience under the WTO from the Senate ratification debates in 1995 and the subsequent implementation of government policies and programmes that opened up the local economy to global competition. The report highlights the role played by the United States in shaping a national policy environment conducive to the WTO agenda: "The main by products of membership has been the erosion of national sovereignty, as the US government took a direct hand in overhauling the Philippine legal system to make it WTO-consistent". Bello concludes that Philippine membership of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and its subsequent implementation of trade agreements under the multilateral trading system has been an unmitigated disaster.
- Forum on Trade and War Militarism and Neo-liberalism: A Two-headed Monster? 12 December 2005
- Seminar on WTO and bilateral FTAs: Complementary Agents of Neoliberalism 14 December 2005
- Roundtable Resisting Economic Partnership Agreements in Africa and the Caribbean 17 December 2005
- Forum Iraq: Ground Zero of Globalisation and War? 17 December 2005
- International Day of Protest on GATS and Privatisation on 14 December
- Concert to Celebrate International Migrants' Day and People's Solidarity Against the WTO on 18 December
- Walden Bello After Cancún. Southern Prospects for Trade and Development The Hague, 5 April 2004
- Seminar Cancún Express Derailed. Movements Challenge the EU Agenda in the WTO and Free Trade Agreements organised by TNI, Seattle to Brussels Network, ATTAC, CEO, Campaign for the Reform of the World Bank, World Development Movement, Focus on the Global South and RMALC. Speakers include Susan George, Clare Joy, Erik Wesselius, Antonio Ticarico, Marc Maes, Claudia Torrelli, Manuel Perez Rocha, Walden Bello and Nancy Kachingwe. ESF, Paris, France, 13 November 2003
- Roelien Knottnerus WTO Update. Summer 2005 TNI Website, 18 August 2005
TNI's Gats Co-ordinator, Roelien Knottnerus outlines developments in Geneva, offering a useful overview of current analyses from our networks, and a specific focus on European Union positions as regards WTO negotiations.
- Dot Keet Reports from Cancún, Mexico AIDC, 9-15 September 2003