Related websites and documents: UN Drug Control

17 November 2005

Websites and documents related to UN Drug Control

 


United Nations Drug System

Three United Nations conventions set out the international agreements concerning drug control:

Several UN Agencies are responsible for UN Drug Control:

  • United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP)
    The United Nations International Drug Control Programme is the UN agency responsible for coordinating activities relating to the international control of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances
  • Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND)
    The functional commission of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), is the central policy-making body within the United Nations system for dealing with all drug-related matters
  • International Narcotics Control Board (INCB)
    The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB or Board) is the independent and quasi-judicial control organ for the implementation of the United Nations drug conventions, established in 1968 by the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961. The INCB publishes an annual report.
    Language: English, French and Spanish

Documents

UN Drug Conventions Reform

  • Transnational Institute: United Nations Drug Control
    The United Nations conventions are the backbone of current international drug control policy. In June 1998, in New York, the United Nations held a General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem (UNGASS). Despite many indications that current drug control policy has not worked, the UN member states did not change their ways during the Special Session and reconfirmed their intentions to fight the drug problem.
    Language: English and Spanish
  • International Coalition of NGO's for Just and Effective Drugs Policy (ICN)
    ICN is committed to reform of International Drug Control. ICN was created as an effort to present a coalition of citizens at the United Nations' General Assembly Special Session on Drugs in June 1998 (UNGASS 1998). On that occasion, a Manifesto for Just and Effective Drugs Policy was presented. Since then ICN formulated, in five languages a document containing basic Guidelines for Alternative Drugs Policy in the 21st century [PDF document].
    See also: Open Letter to the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs March 11, 2002.
    See also: Vienna 2003: A Chance for the World
    New website of the International Coalition of NGO's for a Just and Effective Drug Policy (ICN) on the UNGASS Midterm Review. Another drug policy is possible. Sign the appeal to reform international Drug Policies
  • Opening the Debate on Global Drug Policy
    Website of the Senlis Council Drug Policy Advisory Forum, on the UNGASS Midterm Review: "The use of licit and illicit drugs is a harmful societal reality with potential negative impact on
    individuals and communities and needs to be tackled in a more realistic, dynamic way. Policies based solely on criminal sanctions have failed to demonstrate effectiveness: economic corruption increases, organized crime prospers and developing economies are hard hit by military and environmental (crop eradication) interventions. At the same time the marginalisation of drug-users is compounded. It is now widely recognized that an effective international drugs policy should be based on the minimization of harm both to individuals and to the community at large."
  • Vereinte Nationen und
    Drogenpolitik

    Cannabis Legal: Argumente für eine realistische Drogenpolitik.
    UN-Halbzeitsberichtskonferenz in Wien, April 2003
    Im Jahre 1998 beschloss die Generalversammlung der Vereinten Nationen einen Zehnjahresplan zur Drogenpolitik, der sich die Ausrottung des illegalen Anbaus von Koka und Schlafmohn sowie die erhebliche Reduzierung anderer Drogen zum Ziel setzte - mit den selben Mitteln, die schon seit Jahrzehnten gescheitert sind. Im April 2003 findet in Wien eine internationale Konferenz statt, wo über die bisherigen Ergebnisse gesprochen wird. Drogenpolitische Reformer aus aller Welt wollen die Gelegenheit nutzen, um auf das Scheitern der Prohibitionsstrategie und auf Alternativen dazu aufmerksam zu machen.
    Language: German

The wisdom of the UN Drug Conventions is increasingly being questioned. In some countries NGO's and parliamentary commissions held inquiries on the reform of national drug policies that also touch on reform of the UN Drug Conventions. See: Drug Policy Reform Debate

Documents

Links and Documentation on UNGASS 1998

  • Official page of UN General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on the World Drug Problem
  • Resolutions and declarations adopted at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem (UNGASS) in New York, June 8-10, 1998: 
    - Political Declaration (A/RES/S-20/2)
    - Declaration on the Guiding Principles of Drug Demand Reduction (A/RES/S-20/3)
    - Measures to enhance international cooperation to counter the world drug problem (A/RES/S-20/4), including Action Plan against Illicit Manufacture, Trafficking and
    Abuse of Amphetamine-type Stimulants and Their Precursors (Annex A), Control of Precursors (Annex B), Measures to Promote Judicial Cooperation (Annex C) , Countering Money Laundering (Annex D), and Action Plan on International Cooperation on the Eradication of Illicit Drug Crops and on Alternative Development (Annex E).
    See also the UNDCP Page on UNGASS

Official documents. A collection of official UN documents on SCOPE and UNGASS and subsequent resolutions, including documentation on the preparatory process for the Action Plan on International Cooperation on the Eradication of Illicit Drug Crops and on Alternative Development:

  • Consolidated first biennial report of the Executive Director on the implementation of the outcome of the twentieth special session of the General Assembly, devoted to countering the world drug problem together, Commission on Narcotic Drugs, 4 October 2001, (E/CN.7/2001/16 [PDF document])
  • First biennial report of the Executive Director on the implementation of the outcome of the twentieth special session of the General Assembly, devoted to countering the world drug problem together, Commission on Narcotic Drugs, 22 December 2000 (E/CN.7/2001/2) [PDF document]
  • International cooperation against the world drug problem, General Assembly, December 4, 2000 (A/RES/55/65)
  • International cooperation against the world drug problem, General Assembly, February 2, 2000 (A/RES/54/132) [PDF document]
  • International cooperation against the world drug problem, General Assembly, 9 December 1998 (A/RES/53/115)

Appeals and Statements against UNGASS

Statements of Coca Producers. A collection of statements of coca producer at UNGASS:

Documents on UNGASS 1998

SCOPE

Official documents of the Commission on Narcotics Drugs (CND) for the preparatory body of the UNGASS on Drug Control, on Eradication of Illicit Narcotics Crops and Promotion of Alternative Development Programmes:

UNGASS Mid-Term Review 2003

Documents

UNDCP Reform

For an overview of Mr. Pino Arlacchi's management of the ODCCP and UNDCP and
his forced resignation
Press Reports on UNDCP.

  • Letter of Resignation [PDF document]
    Michael vd. Schulenberg, UNDCP Director Division for Operations and Analysis, December 2000
  • World Drug
    Report 2000: Contents, Omissions and Distortions
    by Carla Rossi
  • Report on the Triennial Review of the Implementation of the Recommendations Made by the Committee for Programme and Coordination at its Thirty-Eight Session on the In-depth Evaluation of the United Nations International Drug control Programme, UN Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS), May 4, 2001 (ECOSOC E/AC.51/2001/4 [PDF document]
  • Report on the Inspection of Programme Management and Administrative Practices in the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, UN Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS), June 1, 2001 (General Assembly A/56/83)
  • Report on the Investigation into Allegation of Misconduct and Mismanagement of the "Boat Project" at the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, UN Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS), December 7, 2001 (General Assembly A/56/689 [PDF document]

 

Recent publications from Drugs and Democracy

The Rise and Decline of Cannabis Prohibition

Cannabis was condemned by the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs as a psychoactive drug with “particularly dangerous properties” and hardly any therapeutic value. Ever since, an increasing number of countries have shown discomfort with the treaty regime’s strictures through soft defections, stretching its legal flexibility to sometimes questionable limits.

Cocaine: towards a self-regulation model

By taking cues from users’ self-regulation strategies, it is possible to design innovative operational models for drug services as well as drug policies, strengthening Harm Reduction as an alternative approach to the disease model.

image[node-id]

Eyes Wide Shut: Corruption and Drug-Related Violence in Rosario

In Rosario, Argentina, the presence of criminal organisations involved in drug trafficking was a low priority for the government until New Year’s day 2012, when the killing of three innocent civilians by members of a gang sparked press attention.

First Southeast Asia Opium Farmers Forum Yangon 2013

In July the First Southeast Asia Opium Farmers Forum was held, bringing together some 30 representatives of local communities involved in opium cultivation and local community workers from the major opium growing regions in Southeast Asia.