Burma Project

  • Ethnicity without Meaning, Data without Context

    The 2014 Population and Housing Census is the most significant ethnic and political boundary-making exercise since 1931, however its colonial-era designations and simplifications are likely to raise ethnic tensions at a critical time in the peace process.
  • From Aspirations to Solutions

    Hopes remain that, through political negotiation, democratic reforms will be achieved which lead to just and inclusive solutions. But as the countdown to the 2015 general election begins, concerns are growing that essential reforms will not be delivered.
  • Burma’s Ethnic Challenge: From Aspirations to Solutions

    “Important steps have been made in national reconciliation during the past two years. But promises and ceremonies will never be enough. The long-standing aspirations of Burma’s peoples for peace and justice must find solutions during the present time of national transition.”
  • Access Denied: Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma

    The new land and investment laws benefit large corporate investors and not small- holder farmers, especially in ethnic minority regions, and do not take into account land rights of ethnic communities.
  • Bouncing Back

    TNI's indepth examination of the illegal drug market in the Golden Triangle, which has witnessed a doubling of opium production, growing prison populations and repression of small-scale farmers. This report details the failure of ASEAN's 'drug free' strategy and the need for a new approach.

Burma has been exposed to some of the longest running armed conflicts in the world. Ethnic nationality peoples have felt marginalised and discriminated against. TNI has developed a unique expertise on Burma's ethnic regions. TNI's work on drugs and conflict in Burma brings together its long-term work on international drugs policies, and its in-depth research on the regional drug market in Burma and neighbouring countries. TNI proposes alternative policy responses. Read more: Ethnic Conflict in Burma and Drugs & Conflict in Burma

Articles

Repressive policies only stoking Asean's drug problem

The strategy of Asean's 10 member countries to become "drug free" by 2015 is failing dramatically. In the last decade, opium cultivation in the region has doubled, drug use -- especially of methamphetamines, a powerful synthetic stimulant -- has increased significantly, and there remain strong links between drugs, conflict, crime and corruption.

A political anatomy of land grabs

The phrase “land grab” has become common in Myanmar, often making front page news. This reflects the more open political space available to talk about injustices, as well as the escalating severity and degree of land dispossession under the new government.

Project on climate change, land grabbing and resource conflict

TNI's Agrarian Justice Work Area and TNI's Burma Project are starting a major research on climate change mitigation policies, land grabbing and conflict in Burma and Cambodia, 2014-2017.

Publications

EU-Myanmar Bilateral Investment Treaty

In March 2014 the European Commission received the negotiation mandate from the EU member States to start negotiating an Investment treaty with Myanmar. But what do BITS mean in practice? Is it in the best interest of the Myanmar public?

Political Reform in Burma/Myanmar and Consequences for Ethnic Conflict

TNI & Burma Centrum Netherlands
While there have been undeniably positive trends in Burma over the past year, these have not yet been translated into ethnic peace and justice. 

The Kachin Crisis: Peace Must Prevail

TNI & Burma Centrum Netherlands
As 2012 progressed, perceptions of the real nature of change under the Thein Sein government were challenged by a series of disturbing events in which serious violence and mass displacement of civilians occurred in several parts of the country.

Events

June 2014

Race and territorial politics in land policy reform in Burma

The transition to industrial food regimes involves a shift from the use of guns and fear to dispossess smallholders of their land and farming livelihoods to that of the logic of law and markets, backed by police force.
January 2014

Myanmar’s Ethnic Conflicts and the U.S. and China

Tom Kramer, a researcher based in Myanmar will discuss the development of the peace process, the obstacles to the national reconciliation and how the success/failure will affect the reform and the 2015 elections. Yun Sun, Fellow at Stimson Center, will focus on the Kachin conflict and the interest groups that undermine the prospect of peace.  In particular, she will present findings on the U.S.-China competition in the Kachin issue from her recent trips to the Kachin state.

News

Briefing: Myanmar’s “Rohingya” - what’s in a name?

15 September 2014
Already widely reduced to statelessness and in many cases forced into camps for displaced people, an 800,000-strong population of Muslims in western Myanmar now faces increasing efforts to eradicate the very word they use to identify themselves as a group.

UN weighs in on blame game over census tensions

12 September 2014
The head of the United Nations’ technical advisory board for Myanmar’s census has dismissed criticisms of the process and blamed civil society and human rights groups for having “inflamed” tensions surrounding the count.

Census ethnicity data release delayed until after election

4 August 2014
Census results on Myanmar’s ethnic populations will not be published until after the 2015 general election, an official in charge of the census has told The Myanmar Times.