• From Aspirations to Solutions

    Hopes remain that, through political negotiation, democratic reforms will be achieved which lead to just and inclusive solutions. But as the countdown to the 2015 general election begins, concerns are growing that essential reforms will not be delivered.
  • The Challenge of Democratic and Inclusive Land Policyma...

    Myanmar's National Land Use Policy promises to make profound changes to the current economic, social, and political-institutional landscape. This is an important and bold step, but its impact will depend on how it addresses the often “messy” details of actual land based social relations.
  • Towards a Healthier Legal Environment

    Since the current drug laws were enacted several important changes have taken place inside and outside of Myanmar. The decision of the Myanmar Government to review the law is not only timely but also offers a prospect to improve the drugs legislation and to ensure that the laws address drug-related problems in the country more effectively.
  • Access Denied: Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma

    The new land and investment laws benefit large corporate investors and not small- holder farmers, especially in ethnic minority regions, and do not take into account land rights of ethnic communities.

Burma has been exposed to some of the longest running armed conflicts in the world. Ethnic nationality peoples have felt marginalised and discriminated against. TNI has developed a unique expertise on Burma's ethnic regions. TNI's work on drugs and conflict in Burma brings together its long-term work on international drugs policies, and its in-depth research on the regional drug market in Burma and neighbouring countries. TNI proposes alternative policy responses. Read more: Ethnic Conflict in Burma and Drugs & Conflict in Burma

Articles

‘There is no voice of real farmers’

Portia Larlee
The release of the draft policy, part of a process towards enacting a new National Land Law and “harmonising” existing legislation, was greeted with objections and criticism from farmers’ organisations and ethnic minority groups throughout the country.

The draft land use policy: putting big business first

There are some big problems with the current draft of the policy and they stem mainly from its failure to recognise that land has more than an economic function.

Repressive policies only stoking Asean's drug problem

The strategy of Asean's 10 member countries to become "drug free" by 2015 is failing dramatically. In the last decade, opium cultivation in the region has doubled, drug use -- especially of methamphetamines, a powerful synthetic stimulant -- has increased significantly, and there remain strong links between drugs, conflict, crime and corruption.
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Publications

Political Reform and Ethnic Peace in Burma/Myanmar

For many citizens a countdown begins to a crucial general election later this year, with warnings of a halt in reform momentum and a more troubling reality behind many of the socio-political changes in the country.  

Linking Women and Land in Myanmar

What are the potential gender implications of the current land use policy draft in Myanmar? How might it be improved to promote and strengthen women’s land rights?

Protecting Profits over People

Daniel Aguirre
Myanmar is in the process of formulating an investment law and a land use policy that when combined will lay the foundations of development for the country. As it stands, these proposed instruments could have an adverse impact on human rights, and in particular land rights.
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Events

January 2015

Opportunities for Development-Oriented Drug Control in Myanmar

The workshop is jointly organized by the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control CCDAC and the Transnational Institute (TNI) and is funded through a GIZ grant.
June 2014

Race and territorial politics in land policy reform in Burma

The transition to industrial food regimes involves a shift from the use of guns and fear to dispossess smallholders of their land and farming livelihoods to that of the logic of law and markets, backed by police force.
January 2014

Myanmar’s Ethnic Conflicts and the U.S. and China

Tom Kramer, a researcher based in Myanmar will discuss the development of the peace process, the obstacles to the national reconciliation and how the success/failure will affect the reform and the 2015 elections. Yun Sun, Fellow at Stimson Center, will focus on the Kachin conflict and the interest groups that undermine the prospect of peace.  In particular, she will present findings on the U.S.-China competition in the Kachin issue from her recent trips to the Kachin state.
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News

Myanmar's Efforts to review Drug Laws welcomed

4 March 2015
The Transnational Institute (TNI) welcomed the government's recent decision to review drugs-related laws, giving that Myanmar is currently the second largest producer of raw opium in the world, after Afghanistan.

Think tank welcomes Myanmar’s illegal drug law review

18 February 2015
The Washington DC-based [sic] Transnational Institute has welcomed the Myanmar government’s recent decision to review their largely outdated drugs and related laws, according to a press release announcing the publication of a new report on February 16.

Customary Land tenure and rotation fallow Farming System must be Recognized and Protected Legally

15 February 2015
Land is a critical issue for Myanmar. Existing land laws are widely recognized as being inadequate to protect security of tenure for farmers, especially those using customary land tenure systems not currently recognized by the law.
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