Reports & Briefings

The Political Economy of Oil Palm as a Flex Crop

Alberto Alonso-Fradejas, Juan Liu, Tania Salerno and Yunan Xu
May 2015

The ‘how’ and ‘why’ of oil palm flexing is heavily influenced by a synthesis of forces and relations within and around the oil palm value web. These dynamics impact the way flexing among oil palm’s different uses is influenced and/or carried out by various powerful actors within the state, the private sector, and civil society.

Political Economy of the Rise of the Contemporary Industrial Tree Plantation Sector in Southern China

Yunan Xu
May 2015

Industrial tree plantations (ITP), as a newly emerging sector, is expanding quickly and massively in Southern China, involving foreign corporations (including Finnish and Indonesian) tied to a variety of domestic partners, both state and corporate. In some places, the villagers embrace the land deals, while in others these land deals have provoked conflicts.

CP maize contract farming in Shan State, Myanmar: A regional case of a place-based corporate agro-feed system

Kevin Woods
May 2015

The Bangkok-based Sino-Thai company Choern Pakard Group (CP Group), Asia's largest and most prominent agro-food/feed corporation, has led an industrial maize contract farming scheme with (ex-)poppy upland smallholders in Shan State, northern Myanmar to supply China’s chicken-feed market. Thailand, as a Middle-Income Country (MIC) and regional powerhouse, has long-tapped China’s phenomenal economic growth and undersupplied consumer demand.

Chinese Agrarian Capitalism in the Russian Far East

Jiayi Zhou
May 2015

Since the liberalization of the Sino-Soviet border, Chinese peasants, migrants, and investors have been actively engaged in agriculture in the Russian Far East (RFE). These range from agricultural laborers contracted by labor-exporting firms, to farmers who have set up their own small and medium-sized farms.

Emerging Trends in Global Commodities Markets

Carolina Milhorance de Castro
May 2015

Drawing on the wider political economy of global commodities markets, this paper analyses the dynamics of agrarian change related to the rise of emerging economies.

Perceptions and Practices of Investment

Vanessa Lamb and Nga Dao
May 2015

China is one of the major investors in hydropower development in mainland Southeast Asia, yet Chinese involvement in hydropower varies across the region. Popular and expert viewpoints on China’s investment in hydropower also vary widely.

Tapping into the Rubber Market

Juliet Lu
May 2015

Development cooperation is an increasingly prominent focus in Chinese foreign diplomacy, and a central justification for Chinese firms’ engagement in large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) across the global South.

Chinese and Other Foreign Investments in the Brazilian Soybean Complex

Gustavo de L. T. Oliveira
May 2015

As Brazil and China become the world’s leading exporter and importer of soybeans respectively, Chinese companies have sought investments in Brazil to wrest greater control over the flows and profits of the international soybean trade from North Atlantic-based transnational companies. While some promote these as positive “South-South cooperation”, many others condemn them as neocolonial “land grabs” that displace peasants, cause environmental degradation, and deindustrialize the Brazilian economy.

New ‘Webs of Power’ and Agrarian Transformations in Cambodia: Where are the women?

Clara Mi Young Park
May 2015

In February 2012 Economic Land Concessions granted to private companies in Cambodia totalled 2,033,664 ha., and increased to 2,289,490 ha. by June 2013, covering 63 per cent of the country’s arable land. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows to Cambodia grew by 73 per cent from 2011 to 2012. The country, together with Myanmar and Vietnam, is referred to as one of the ‘emerging bright spots of the subregion’.

Bilateral Relations and Development Trajectories of Brazil and China

Fabiano Escher, Sergio Schneider, Jingzhong Ye
May 2015

The purpose of this paper is to inquire into some issues related to the development paths taken by Brazil and China, two member countries of the BRICS, in the current context of the crisis of globalized capitalism and the transformation of the political and economic world order.

Syndicate content