Reports & Briefings
The notion of food sovereignty was developed based on the notion that if the population of a country must depend for their next meal on global economy, on the goodwill of a superpower not to use food as a weapon, or the unpredictability of shipping, then that country is not secure in the sense of food security. It has thus been argued that food sovereignty goes beyond the concept of food security.
Nine ways in which food sovereignty issues affect both the production and consumption of food from marine and freshwater aquatic food systems.
Food sovereignty is defined as “the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems”
Increasingly scholars are examining factors that may serve to constrain or advance food sovereignty policy initiatives. This paper examines the case of Nicaragua’s Law 693, the Law of Food and Nutritional Sovereignty and Security, which was passed in 2009.
Biotechnology has become the central form of technology in global agriculture since the neoliberal reformulation of global capitalism in the 1980s. Powerful transnational corporations have emerged as the major promoters of transgenic technology (a form of advanced biotechnology) in the global South. The Indian democratic developmental state (which has invested in biotechnology research since the mid-1980s) has its own interests regarding transgenic technology.
Since 2001 the Bolivarian government of Venezuela has embarked on an ambitious agrarian reform project aimed at establishing food sovereignty and reducing overwhelming import dependency. This project has centered mainly on the reconstitution of the national agriculture system, which was destroyed over the course of the twentieth century by resource extraction, the petroleum economy and waves of neoliberal trade policy.
Drawing from ethnographic data gathered over the last year, the paper you're about to read is an incipient attempt to trace a few of these threads through to an end-point, or at least a good point to pause.
Issues of gender inequality and undernutrition are not always raised in discussions of food sovereignty. While La Via Campesina has noted the centrality of gender equality for achieving food sovereignty, including a recent discussion to mark the 20th anniversary of the concept, much of the advocacy and focus of those groups promoting food sovereignty has been on other large-scale political and economic factors that influence farmers’ potential to produce food themselves, such as land grabs, climate change or international trade agreements.
Together with building thriving and functionally integrated farm agroecologies and peasant-controlled economic practices, we need to pay serious attention to things that are normally considered beyond 'agriculture sector.' Very often, the crisis of agriculture is presented in terms of the spread of technologies that take farming away from the control of peasants and entangle them in relations of dependency.
This paper explores the concept of food sovereignty on the island of Molokai where the Hawaiian value of aloha aina, or love for the land, guides local efforts to preserve and promote food self-reliance. In the paper, I discuss the nature and origins of the uniquely Hawaiian food sovereignty efforts on Molokai as well as the challenges they face. In this paper, I present two key arguments.