Food & Agriculture

Rural social movements and their historical contribution for building democracy in Brazil

Sérgio Sauer
December 2008

Brazil has not experienced any sort of major agrarian reform since then, but dozens of rural movements have been organised and hundreds of thousands of landless peasants have acquired the right of access to land (especially through settlement projects) as a result of these social movements’ struggles. After so many years of fighting and popular mobilisation, what are these movements’ contributions to building rural democracy? This study seeks to understand this process by evaluating social movements’ alliances (both rural and urban alliances) and evaluating their relationships with political parties, especially with the Workers Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores – PT) and with the Brazilian Federal Government.


Territorial restructuring and the grounding of agrarian reform:

Eric Holt-Giménez
November 2008

In this study of the World Bank's role in Guatemala, Eric Holt-Giménez shows how its programme for market-led land reform there complements its strategy for opening the Western Highlands to extractive industries.

World Bank should not be solving food crisis

Robin Broad
October 2008

The World Bank should not be in charge of solving the global food crisis. Its record should disqualify it from playing a leading role.

The FAO and its work on land policy and agrarian reform

Sofia Monsalve Suárez
September 2008

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has a long history of work in the field of land policy and agrarian reform, playing a lead role in international co-operation from its founding up until the 1970s. From the 1990s on, the initiative in the design and development of land policies and agrarian reform has been taken up by the World Bank, with the FAO generally following its policies.

Dark Victory

Walden Bello, Shea Cunningham and Bill Rau
July 2008

Dark Victory reveals the roots of rising poverty and inequality in the South in a sweeping strategy of global economic rollback unleashed by the US to shore up the North's domination of the international economy and reassert corporate control.

The rise of food fascism

June 2008
The powerful agrarian interests in Santa Cruz, nurtured and developed in the 1980s by the multinational corporations in conjunction with the World Bank and the IMF, are sabotaging the central government of Evo Morales.

Like many third world countries Bolivia is experiencing food shortages and rising food prices attributable to a global food marketing system driven by multinational agribusiness corporations.

Competing views and strategies on agrarian reform

June 2008

A detailed examination of the Philippine agrarian reform experience drawing lessons that are relevant to theory-building and to policy discourse and political actions in situations elsewhere.

Now is the Time for Food Sovereignty

Forum Terra Preta
June 2008

The serious and urgent food and climate crises are being used by political and economic elites as opportunities to entrench corporate control of world agriculture and the ecological commons.

How to manufacture a global food crisis: lessons from the World Bank, IMF, and WTO

May 2008
The global rise in food prices is not only a consequence of using food crops to produce biofuels, but of the "free trade" policies promoted by international financial institutions. Now peasant organisations are leading the opposition to a capitalist industrial agriculture.

Transnational Agrarian Movements:

Saturnino M. Borras, Marc Edelman and Cristóbal Kay
May 2008
This essay outlines the origins, past successes and failures, and current and future challenges of the transnational agrarian movements.

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