• The Political Economy of Oil Palm as a Flex Crop

    The ‘how’ and ‘why’ of oil palm flexing is heavily influenced by a synthesis of forces and relations within and around the oil palm value web. These dynamics impact the way flexing among oil palm’s different uses is influenced and/or carried out by various powerful actors within the state, the private sector, and civil society.
  • Ocean grabbing: a new wave of enclosures

    Not only are the small-scale fisher communities best placed to ensure food sovereignty, but they are also the starting point for any serious transition towards an ecologically and socially just food regime. We need a revolution to bring the oceans back into the global commons.
  • The Challenge of Democratic and Inclusive Land Policyma...

    Myanmar's National Land Use Policy promises to make profound changes to the current economic, social, and political-institutional landscape. This is an important and bold step, but its impact will depend on how it addresses the often “messy” details of actual land based social relations.
  • Licensed to Grab

    The investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) clause present in many trade treaties give investors far-reaching protection, curtailing governments’ ability to regulate for progressive agrarian and agricultural policies and reinforcing the notion of land as a commodity.
  • Policy Shift

    'Policy Shift' identifies ten key policy changes that are required to support just alternative agriculture investments. The approach integrates human rights into the core of decision-making and is informed by practical, on-the-ground examples of positive agricultural investments that benefit both small-scale farmers and communities.

 

The ‘agrarian justice’ cluster brings together research and analysis on political struggles in rural areas around access, control and ownership of resources and land, as well as on international agrarian movements struggling against dispossession and working to construct alternatives. Read more about this project

Articles

‘There is no voice of real farmers’

Portia Larlee
The release of the draft policy, part of a process towards enacting a new National Land Law and “harmonising” existing legislation, was greeted with objections and criticism from farmers’ organisations and ethnic minority groups throughout the country.

The draft land use policy: putting big business first

There are some big problems with the current draft of the policy and they stem mainly from its failure to recognise that land has more than an economic function.

Reclaiming People’s Sovereignty in an era of Corporate Power

Despite the track record of systemic and systematic violations of the range of human rights, the efforts to establish legally binding obligations and an instrument of enforcement within the UN system have been defeated by determined corporate opposition. The current Guiding Principles developed by the former Special Representative of the UN Secretary General, John Ruggie, do not create "any new international legal obligations" and are therefore non-binding.
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Publications

Political Economy of the Rise of the Contemporary Industrial Tree Plantation Sector in Southern China

Yunan Xu
Industrial tree plantations (ITP), as a newly emerging sector, is expanding quickly and massively in Southern China, involving foreign corporations (including Finnish and Indonesian) tied to a variety of domestic partners, both state and corporate. In some places, the villagers embrace the land deals, while in others these land deals have provoked conflicts.

CP maize contract farming in Shan State, Myanmar: A regional case of a place-based corporate agro-feed system

Kevin Woods
The Bangkok-based Sino-Thai company Choern Pakard Group (CP Group), Asia's largest and most prominent agro-food/feed corporation, has led an industrial maize contract farming scheme with (ex-)poppy upland smallholders in Shan State, northern Myanmar to supply China’s chicken-feed market. Thailand, as a Middle-Income Country (MIC) and regional powerhouse, has long-tapped China’s phenomenal economic growth and undersupplied consumer demand.

MultiLatin Agribusiness: the Expansion of Argentinian Firms in Brazil

Clara Craviotti
From 2000, onwards a growing trend of internationalization of Argentinian firms has emerged, with neighbouring countries as a main focus, particularly Brazil. Agricultural production (particularly "flex crops", such as soybean, linked to the new food-fodder-fuel complex) has constituted a central point of their business.
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Events

March 2015

The Dark Side of Palm Oil: Land Grabbing in Honduras

The growing worldwide demand for palm oil comes with an increasing appetite for land. In Honduras, large-scale investments in palm oil plantations have led to an alarming state of violence, repression and displacement, especially in the Bajo Aguán valley. In this seminar three speakers from Honduras will shed light on the human rights situation in their country.
December 2014

Hungry for Justice film & debate series

In December, FIAN, TNI and the Critical Collective host three film & debate evenings at the Institute of Social Studies (ISS) in The Hague. We will screen short documentaries on land issues, ocean grabbing and alternative food systems. After each screening, we’ll have a discussion with the public about the film and its theme, led by an expert on the topic. Come and learn more about these themes and share your ideas.    
December 2014

Screening of the award-winning documentary ‘Unearthed’

TNI, together with Milieudefensie and ISS, will host a screening of the award-winning documentary ‘Unearthed’. The documentary investigates fracking across the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom, in order to understand what this new method of gas extraction could mean for the farmers and nature in the South African semi-arid Karoo region, where Shell plans on fracking.
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News

Rights to Water and Land, a Common Struggle

15 April 2015
Declaration of social movements, grassroots organizations and civil society organizations fighting and protesting against natural resource grabbing, especially water and land grabbing of our Commons, and against the systematic violations of the associated human rights.

Customary Land tenure and rotation fallow Farming System must be Recognized and Protected Legally

15 February 2015
Land is a critical issue for Myanmar. Existing land laws are widely recognized as being inadequate to protect security of tenure for farmers, especially those using customary land tenure systems not currently recognized by the law.

Rights groups urge ASEAN to break silence on enforced disappearance of Sombath Somphone

15 December 2014
On the second anniversary of the enforced disappearance of prominent Lao civil society leader Sombath Somphone, rights groups firmly condemn the Lao government’s ongoing refusal to provide any information regarding Sombath’s fate or whereabouts.
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