• Ethnicity without Meaning, Data without Context

    The 2014 Population and Housing Census is the most significant ethnic and political boundary-making exercise since 1931, however its colonial-era designations and simplifications are likely to raise ethnic tensions at a critical time in the peace process.
  • From Aspirations to Solutions

    Hopes remain that, through political negotiation, democratic reforms will be achieved which lead to just and inclusive solutions. But as the countdown to the 2015 general election begins, concerns are growing that essential reforms will not be delivered.
  • Burma’s Ethnic Challenge: From Aspirations to Solutions

    “Important steps have been made in national reconciliation during the past two years. But promises and ceremonies will never be enough. The long-standing aspirations of Burma’s peoples for peace and justice must find solutions during the present time of national transition.”
  • Access Denied: Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma

    The new land and investment laws benefit large corporate investors and not small- holder farmers, especially in ethnic minority regions, and do not take into account land rights of ethnic communities.
  • Bouncing Back

    TNI's indepth examination of the illegal drug market in the Golden Triangle, which has witnessed a doubling of opium production, growing prison populations and repression of small-scale farmers. This report details the failure of ASEAN's 'drug free' strategy and the need for a new approach.

Burma has been exposed to some of the longest running armed conflicts in the world. Ethnic nationality peoples have felt marginalised and discriminated against. TNI has developed a unique expertise on Burma's ethnic regions. TNI's work on drugs and conflict in Burma brings together its long-term work on international drugs policies, and its in-depth research on the regional drug market in Burma and neighbouring countries. TNI proposes alternative policy responses. Read more: Ethnic Conflict in Burma and Drugs & Conflict in Burma

Articles

‘There is no voice of real farmers’

Portia Larlee
The release of the draft policy, part of a process towards enacting a new National Land Law and “harmonising” existing legislation, was greeted with objections and criticism from farmers’ organisations and ethnic minority groups throughout the country.

The draft land use policy: putting big business first

There are some big problems with the current draft of the policy and they stem mainly from its failure to recognise that land has more than an economic function.

Repressive policies only stoking Asean's drug problem

The strategy of Asean's 10 member countries to become "drug free" by 2015 is failing dramatically. In the last decade, opium cultivation in the region has doubled, drug use -- especially of methamphetamines, a powerful synthetic stimulant -- has increased significantly, and there remain strong links between drugs, conflict, crime and corruption.
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Publications

Protecting Profits over People

Daniel Aguirre
Myanmar is in the process of formulating an investment law and a land use policy that when combined will lay the foundations of development for the country. As it stands, these proposed instruments could have an adverse impact on human rights, and in particular land rights.

Pro-Business or Pro-Poor?

What are the potential implications for Myanmars majority rural working poor now after the unveiling of the much-awaited draft national land use policy?

EU-Myanmar Bilateral Investment Treaty

In March 2014 the European Commission received the negotiation mandate from the EU member States to start negotiating an Investment treaty with Myanmar. But what do BITS mean in practice? Is it in the best interest of the Myanmar public?
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Events

June 2014

Race and territorial politics in land policy reform in Burma

The transition to industrial food regimes involves a shift from the use of guns and fear to dispossess smallholders of their land and farming livelihoods to that of the logic of law and markets, backed by police force.
January 2014

Myanmar’s Ethnic Conflicts and the U.S. and China

Tom Kramer, a researcher based in Myanmar will discuss the development of the peace process, the obstacles to the national reconciliation and how the success/failure will affect the reform and the 2015 elections. Yun Sun, Fellow at Stimson Center, will focus on the Kachin conflict and the interest groups that undermine the prospect of peace.  In particular, she will present findings on the U.S.-China competition in the Kachin issue from her recent trips to the Kachin state.
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News

Opium Cultivation Stabilizes for First Time Since 2006

8 December 2014
Opium cultivation in Burma stabilized in 2014 and the area under poppy remained roughly the same as last year, marking the first time since 2006 that cultivation did not expand, a report by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said on Monday.

Plow protesters lose land and liberty in Myanmar

12 November 2014
Almost 200 farmers from five villages have been arrested since 2012 for protests over land confiscated by the military.

NGOs, Farmers Concerned After Reviewing Draft Land Use Policy

1 November 2014
Some 70 representatives of farmers’ organizations and civil society organizations from different parts of Burma gathered during a three-day meeting in Rangoon this week to hold the first of a number of discussions on the government’s new draft national land use policy.
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