At the Edge (11-13 November 1999)

17 November 2005


Towards 21st Century Internationalism

TNI 25th Anniversary (1974-1999)


Brief Background on Speakers



A trade unionist in the garment and manufacturing sectors from the mid-80s, Abao turned to organising waste handlers on the biggest dumpsite in Manila in the mid-90s. In 1997, she was employed as the first Secretary-General of Akbayan, a new multi-bloc political party. Abao also serves as a research associate of the Insitute for Popular Democracy in Manila, where she co-ordinates a political mapping project.



Professor, economist, and prolific author, Amin is Director of the Third World Forum, Senegal. He is also chairperson of the World Forum for Alternatives. His most recent works are Spectres of Capitalism: A Critique of Current Intellectual Fashions (Monthly Review 1999) and Capitalism in the Age of Globalization: The Management of Contemporary Society (Zed 1997). He has written extensively since the late 1980s on globalisation and regionalisation, arguing for a polycentric world based on regions.


Anderson is a Fellow of the Institute for Policy Studies (USA), where she leads the Global Economy Programme with John Cavanagh. This programme supports activists seeking more equitable and sustainable paths towards economic integration. Monitoring NAFTA and its impact on Mexico, tracking private financial flows from the USA into the developing world, and the widening wealth gap in the USA have been major foci of Anderson’s recent work. Her latest publication, co-authored with John Cavanagh and Thea Lee, is Field Guide to the Global Economy (New Press 1999). She is active in the mobilisation against the forthcoming WTO negotiations.


Journalist, principally film critic, Andreadakis has worked for the Journal de Geneve for several years. She has translated into French many books by her father, John Berger, including his most recent, King: A Street Story (Editions Olivier, France 1999). Andreadakis and Berger also wrote a book together, a correspondence between daughter and father, entitled The Nymph and Shepherd (Prestel 1996) in reference to a painting by Titian.


Anemieyeseigha is the programme officer/co-ordinator of the Niger Delta Wetlands Centre in Port Harcourt, Nigeria where she is involved in poverty alleviation, biodiversity and resource management, conflict resolution and sustainable community development activities. She is also a campaigner for environmental justice, women’s rights and the empowerment of the girl child.


Hallsworth Junior Research Fellow in the School of Government at Manchester University, Api-Richards is working with TNI on its Comparative Regionalisms project and is a member of the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) NGO Working Group. He teaches globalisation, regionalisation and the state, and is currently working on "Reorienting International Cooperation in the Global Political Economy: Emerging Roles for Civil Society in Asia-Europe Relations". He has published in the Journal of Asia Pacific Economy and Journal of Common Market Studies. His latest article is entitled "Civil society responses to the Asian economic crisis: re-visioning Asia-Europe relations from below", in C. Lee (ed.) Asia-Europe Cooperation After the 1997/98 Asian Turbulence (Aldershot, Ashgate 1999).



Former Fellow of TNI, Barnett was from 1988 to 1995 the founding Director of Charter 88, the British movement for constitutional reform described by the Telegraph as "The most influential pressure group of the decade". He is now a member of its Executive Committee and has returned to writing. His most recent book is This Time: Our Constitutional Revolution (Vintage 1997). He co-edited Town and Country with Roger Scruton (Jonathan Cape1998); published the Demos pamphlet, "The Athenian Option - radical reform of the House of Lords" in 1999 and wrote a pioneering critique of the Blair Government, "Corporate Populism" in Prospect.



Former Fellow of TNI, Berger is an acclaimed novelist, playwright, screenwriter, painter and art critic. His innumerable books, include G., for which he was honoured with England's Booker Prize and the James Tait Black Memorial Prize; Seventh Man (with Jean Mohr) about migrant workers in Europe, translated into all the languages of the subjects, including Bengali, Turkish and Arabic; Ways of Seeing, a product of his popular BBC television critical art series; and Into their Labours, a fictional trilogy about peasant life, a favourite read by Sub-Commandante Marcos to the children in Chiapas! His latest book is King: A Street Story (Bloomsbury, UK 1999, paperback due May 2000 and Editions Olivier, France 1999; also published in Germany, Sweden and soon out in Spain, Greece and Turkey). King is a story of the new urban homeless. In Sweden, the book is sold for a 50% commission on the streets by the homeless magazine sellers, and in Germany, the proceeds of various readings go to homeless peoples’ organisations.




Bindman is the UK solicitor representing Amnesty International, other organisations and victims of torture who intervened in the case to extradite Pinochet from Britain to Spain. He is a leading specialist in the fields of civil liberties, media law, and human rights and has written and broadcast widely on these subjects. Bindman is visiting Professor of Law at the University College of London and has been the legal advisor to the Commission for Racial Equality in the UK. He has undertaken human rights missions in many countries including Chile, South Africa, Namibia, Malaysia, the former Soviet Union, and Palestine.



President of the Belarussian Automobile Workers’ Union (ACM), Bukhvostov is from the region of Gomel, which was severely hit by the Chernobyl disaster of 1987. He rose to fame during the Soviet era by leading a march to Moscow to protest the neglect of the victims. In 1991, in the wake of a spontaneous strike wave in Belarus, he was elected president of the ACM and founded an independent trade union federation and the Belarussian Workers’ Party. He represented the party in the Belarussian parliament, until it was dissolved by President Lukashenko in 1996.


Writer of the award-winning Broadway hit, Death and the Maiden, adapted for screen in the movie directed by Roman Polanski, Chilean-born Dorfman has written numerous plays, novels, volumes of short stories and poetry as well as the famous How to Read Donald Duck: Imperialist Ideology in the Disney Comic, co-written with Armand Mattelart (1971). He has taught at the Universidad de Chile; the Sorbonne and the Universiteit van Amsterdam, Dorfman is currently Professor of Literature at Duke University in the USA. His most recent plays are the award winning, Widows (1997); Mascara and Who’s Who, both of the latter with his son, Rodrigo (1998). His newest films, also directed with his son, Rodrigo, are My House is On Fire (1997), based on his book of short stories; and Dead Line, a Channel 4 production based on poems from Last Waltz in Santiago. Dorfman’s most recent novels are Heading South, Looking North: A Bilingual Journey(Penguin 1998) and The Nanny and the Iceberg (Farrar Straus & Giroux 1999).



Dugard is currently Chair of International Law and Co-Director of the LL.M. Programme in Public International Law at the University of Leiden in The Netherlands. His special interest is international criminal law. With degrees from Cambridge and the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa, Professor Dugard was for many years Professor and Dean of Law at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg. He was also the Director of the Centre for Applied Legal Studies, a pioneering research centre committed to the promotion of human rights in South Africa.


TNI advisor on culture and democracy matters, Early is the Director of Cultural Heritage Policy at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington. He is also Chairperson of the Board of the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington DC and a member of the Johns Hopkins University’s Cuba Exchange Advisory Board. Early is a long-time activist on cultural diversity and equity issues in African-American, Native American, Latino, and Asian-Pacific American communities, and has a long history of support for liberation movements in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean.


Garcés has been the driving force behind Spain's efforts to bring Gen. Pinochet to justice in a Spanish court for the human rights violations committed under his 1973 to 1990 dictatorship. In 1995, he drafted the briefs necessary to persuade the Spanish court to accept jurisdiction in a case charging Pinochet with 'crimes against humanity'. He is currently the director of a team of lawyers (based in several countries) representing victims of the Pinochet regime. A Spanish citizen, Garcés is an expert in International Relations and was an advisor to the late Chilean President Salvador Allende. In recognition of his efforts, he won the 1999 Right Livelihood Award, known as the 'Alternative Nobel Prize', and the Letelier-Moffitt International Human Rights Award.



A former Fellow of TNI, Gills is Senior Lecturer in International Politics and Director of the International Political Economy Programme at the University of Newcastle, UK. His special interests are international political economy, world economic history, history of social systems and social change, globalisation and the politics of resistance. He co-authored, Low Intensity Democracy: Political Power in the New World Order (Pluto 1993) with another TNI Fellow, Joel Rocamora; and his most recent book is Korea versus Korea: a Case of Contested Legitimacy (Routledge 1996). He has also produced edited volumes, most recently, The World System: Five Hundred Years or Five Thousand (edited with Andre Gunder-Frank, Routledge 1993), and Globalisation and the Politics of Resistance(Macmillan/St Martins 1999).


Goeman is the founder of ATTAC-Flanders and chairperson of the permanent office. He is also the chairperson of the Study Centre for the History of Racism and Fascism in Flanders and of Democracy 2000, an action group for socio-economic democracy. Goeman is a member of Gastvrij Gent (Hospitable Gent); and Primrose, a think tank concerned with neo-liberalism. He is the regular moderator of the political debate series Gentse Feesten (Gent Festivals) and the author of Het gevaar Demol (The Danger of Demol – a prominent right-wing figure in Belgium).


Sociologist, Grzybowski, is Director of the Brazilian Institute for Social and Economic Analysis (IBASE). Working with social movements, popular and labour organizations, NGOs and churches, IBASE identifies the promotion of democracy, solidarity, social justice and the strengthening of citizenship as the focus of its work. IBASE is part of the Brazilian Network for the Integration of the Peoples working on issues related to NAFTA and Mercosur.


A prolific author of 36 books, most famous for his seminal works on development and underdevelopment, Gunder Frank was Professor of Development Economics and Social Sciences at the University of Amsterdam between 1981 and 1994. He is currently Professor Emeritus at the Universiteit van Amsterdam and visiting Professor of International Relations at the University of Miami and Florida International University. He is also Senior Research Associate of the Northeastern University World History Centre. Gunder Frank’s most recent books are The World System: Five Hundred Years or Five Thousand (edited with Barry Gills, Routledge 1993) and Re-Orient: Global Economy in the Asian Age (University of California 1998).


TNI Fellow for two decades, and a contributor to De Groene Amsterdammer for many years, Halliday currently serves as an Advisor to TNI. He is Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics, and a specialist on Middle Eastern affairs. Halliday is an editorial associate of the Middle East Research and Information Project and an Advisor the Foreign Policy Centre in London. His most recent works are Islam and the Myth of Confrontation: Religion and Politics in the Middle East (IB Taurus, 1995) and Revolution and World Politics: The Rise and Fall of the Sixth Great Power(Macmillan, 1999).


TNI advisor on environmental issues, von Hatzfeldt is a forester and environmental activist based in Germany. Involved in the International Forum on Globalisation in Europe, von Hatzfeldt is also active in campaigns for the labelling of ecologically responsible forestry products; making German export credit guarantees transparent, environmentally and socially sound; and harmonisation of minimum standards in this regard at European level.



Luke Hill is the Brussels bureau - chief of Defense News Magazine



Hoedeman works part-time for TNI on international financial regulation matters. He is co- founder of the Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO), a newly established NGO committed to monitoring the political activities of European corporations and their lobby groups, and housed in the TNI building. He is also a co-founder of the Platform for Another Europe and ATTAC-Netherlands. A leading figure in the campaign to halt the negotiations around the Multilateral Agreement on Investment, Hoedeman now plays an important role in co-ordinating information dissemination around the forthcoming World Trade Organisation negotiations. He is editor of a new publication, Europe Inc. (Pluto 1999).




Chris Kijne is a journalist with the Dutch radio station VPRO


Former Fellow of TNI, British journalist


Koster works part-time for TNI, helping to co-ordinate a project on Nuclear Weapon Free Zones. He co-ordinates the Working Group Eurobomb, for the Anti-Militarist Komittee (AMOK) Netherlands, affiliated to the Project on European Nuclear Non-Proliferation (PENN), a network informing activists, decision and opinion-makers on nuclear affairs.


Lagendijk has been a member of the European Parliament for GroenLinks, the Dutch green left party, since 1998. He is Vice-Chairperson of the Green Group/European Free Alliance; a member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Human Rights, Common Security and Defence Policy; and a member of the Delegation for South-East Europe.



Until recently, Lee served as Deputy Secretary of the People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD), Korea. He is currently pursuing a Phd at Bradford University’s Centre for Peace Studies, where he is focusing particularly on US-Asia security relations, democratisation in Korea and strategies to peacefully end the Cold War in the Korean Peninsula.


Exiled following the Pinochet coup in Chile, Letelier was active in TNI from its inception and served as a Fellow of the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS), Washington, for 15 years. At IPS, she worked on Third World Women’s and Human Rights ssues up to her return to Chile in 1991. She is the widow of the assassinated Director of TNI, Orlando Letelier, who had served in the Cabinet of the Allende government. Letelier has worked tirelessly to bring his murderers to justice and continues to work for women’s and human rights in her homeland.


South African freelance journalist and political analyst, Marais writes on a range of issues from neo-liberalism to the war in the Congo to the latest in local youth culture. In the 1980s, Marais was editor of the leading political journal in South Africa, Work in Progress, and in the early 1990s, served as senior programmer for the South African Broadcasting Corporation’s top current affairs radio programme, Morning Live. He is also a researcher and author, most recently publishing South Africa Limits to Change: The Political Economy of Transition(Zed 1998). Marais is South African animator for the World Forum for Alternatives.


Mather has been involved in workers' education on the global economy for over two decades. Co-editor of the magazine 'International Labour Reports' published in the UK in the 1980s, she has also worked at the International Labour Resource and Information Group in South Africa, and made the Indonesian labour movement a special interest. Now a freelance writer, her recent publications include Tackling Transnationals: A Resource Pack for Activists (ILRIG), resource materials for the Chemical, Energy and Mineworkers unions in Sub-Saharan Africa (ICEM), a report UK Companies Operating in Indonesia: Responses to Ethical Trade Issues (CIIR), and an education pack on Company Codes of Conduct (Women Working Worldwide) that has been used among worker activists in Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan, Indonesia and Central America. She is currently working on a set of workers' rights handbooks for Women Working Worldwide, and a Development Dossier for the United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service outlining the growing initiatives worldwide to make TNCs accountable.


A sociologist and journalist from Colombia, Molano was an advisor to the peace process during the presidency of Samper. He currently lives in exile in Spain due to continuous threats by paramilitary death squads in Colombia.


A former TNI Fellow, Nairn lives in Ireland and teaches the sociology and politics of nationalism in the Graduate School of Social Sciences at Edinburgh University, Scotland. Most famous for his work on the Break-up of Britain: Crisis and Neo-Nationalism (Verso 1977), he has continued to work on this theme. Nairn contributed his views on the future of the United Kingdom in the one-off special issue of Marxism Today during the British general election in 1997. His latest books are Faces of Nationalism: Janus Revisited (Verso 1998); Beginning of the End: France, May 1968 (Verso 1998), co-authored with Angelo Quattrocchi and Tariq Ali; and After Britain: New Labour and the Return of Scotland(due to be published in 2000 by Granta).



Otfried Nassauer is from the Berlin Information Centre for Transatlantic Security(BITS).


Nederveen Pieterse is Associate Professor of Sociology at the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague. He has taught in Ghana and the United States, and has been a visiting professor in Japan and Indonesia. He is co-editor of Review of International Political Economy and advisory editor of several journals. His books include White on Black: Images of Africa and Blacks in Western Popular Culture(Yale 1992) and Empire and Emancipation (Praeger 1989), which received the 1990 JC Ruigrok Award of the Netherlands Society of Sciences. Nederveen Pieterse’s most recent work is Development—Deconstructions/ Reconstructions,due to be published by Sage in 2000. He has also edited a number of volumes, most recently, World Orders in the Making: humanitarian intervention and beyond (Macmillan and St Martin’s 1998) and Global Futures (Zed, forthcoming 2000).


Carl Niehaus is Ambassador to the Netherlands for South Africa


Nuclear energy expert (Msc in chemistry), specialist in effects of radiation, nuclear waste and nuclear non-proliferation. Nienhuys is the ex-chairperson of a number of environmental organisations in the Netherlands


Nikitin works at the Institute of International Relations (CPIS) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow and is an expert on nuclear defence matters. He is also a member of Pugwash, the movement of scientists initiated in 1955 by Bertrand Russell and Albert Einstein, among others, in an effort to outlaw weapons of mass destruction.


Award-winning journalist (Financial Times, The Observer, The Economist) and broadcaster (BBC), O’Shaughnessy has been reporting on Latin America for four decades. Author of a number of books on Latin America and the Caribbean, his latest work is Pinochet: The Politics of Torture (Latin American Bureau, 1999). O’Shaughnessy knew Salvador Allende personally and was in Chile the day of the coup. He is currently working on a film about Fidel Castro.


Pearce is Reader in Peace Studies at the University of Bradford, UK, where she lectures on Democracy, Development and Conflict in Latin America. She has written a number of books on Latin America, including Under the Eagle: US Intervention in Central America and the Caribbean, Promised Land:Peasant Rebellion in Chalatenango, El Salvador and Colombia: Inside the Labyrinth (Latin American Bureau 1990). Her recent research has centered on the conceptualisation and problematisation of "civil society", and new book is due to be published by Lynne Rienner in 2000: Civil Society and Development: A Critical Appraisal,co-written with Jude Howell.


Professor of economic policy at University of Urbino, Italy. Pianta is active with Tavola della Pace, an umbrella organisation which coordinates the international actions of 200 civil societies and the People's Assembly of the UN hosted in Perugia, Italy, every few years.


Plesch is the founder and Director of the British-American Security Information Council (BASIC), which analyses government policies and raises public awareness about defence, disarmament, military strategy and nuclear policies in order to facilitate informed debate. Prior to setting up BASIC in 1987, Plesch was the vice-chairperson of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in the UK. He is an honorary visiting research Fellow at the Peace Studies Department at Bradford University.


Ramos Horta is the Vice-President of the National Council for East Timorese Resistance (CNRT) and a member of the newly appointed 8-person Transition Council of National Unity in East Timor, which will liaise with the UN during the transition to independence. Among many honours for his human rights work, he earned a Nobel Peace Prize in 1996, sharing the honour with Bishop Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo. For more than two decades, he ably represented East Timor at the United Nations. With an academic background in international law and peace studies, he is also a well-known lecturer on international diplomacy and human rights at the University of New South Wales, Australia, where he founded the Diplomacy Training Programme, aimed at training activists from the Asia Pacific region in the UN Human Rights System. He has also been working with another Nobel laureate, Oscar Arias, on an International Code of Conduct on Arms Transfers.


Writer, educator, and one of the foremost contemporary political theorists in the USA, Marcus Raskin is co-founder of TNI and IPS. He currently holds the title of Distinguished Fellow at IPS, where he co-ordinates the Paths to the 21st Century project. He has written or edited 17 books on public policy, political theory and political affairs. His latest book is Visions and Revisions: Reflections on Culture and Democracy at the End of the Century (1998). Raskin was a member of the Kennedy White House staff, resigning over the lack of progress on black civil rights to found IPS.


Rey works for the Spanish Red Cross in Madrid, where he is specifically concerned with European Union co-operation on humanitarian action and assessing NGO practices. He has direct experience with regard to Colombia and Guatemala. Also a Research Fellow of the Peace Research Center (CIP) in Madrid, Rey is author of several essays on humanitarian intervention and aid for development, most recently as co-author of Los Desafíos de la Acción Humanitaria(Icaria 1999), together with two TNI Fellows, David Sogge and Mariano Aguirre, among others.



Roncken is joint co-ordinator of the TNI/Accion Andina Drugs & Democracy programme. Based in Bolivia, he is regional coordinator of the Acción Andina Platform, and is a researcher with the Andean Information Network. Lead researcher on The Drugs War in the Skies, a recently published TNI/Accion Andina report, he is also co-editor of Democracias bajo Fuego: Drogas y Poder en America Latina (TNI/Brecha/Accion Andina 1998), due to be published in English by the Latin American Bureau in early 2000.


A political scientist and specialist in development and environment, Ruyter works at the Amsterdam-based environmental NGO, Both Ends. He has been co-ordinating Both Ends’ work monitoring and analysing multi-lateral institutions development financing (notably the World Bank and IMF). He is currently co-ordinating input from NGOs to the Dutch government’s environmental policy-makers. Ruyter is also active in the World Forum for Alternatives and is a founding member of ATTAC-Netherlands.


Acting director of Pelangi Indonesia, a policy research institute for sustainable Development and partner in the TNI Energy Project.


Researcher and writer in the Instituto de Investigaciones Economicas’ programme on "World Economy and Economic Blocks" at the University of Mexico, Saxe is currently working on "US and Latin America in Post-Cold War: Continuities and Discontinuities: The NAFTA Case". He is an outspoken critic of neo-liberal economic policies, and has written extensively on human rights violations in Mexico, with specific reference to Chiapas.


Perhaps the youngest member of the European Parliament at the age of 21, Schroeder represents Alliance90/Greens (Germany). She sits on the Committee on Industry, External Trade, Research and Energy and on the Committee responsible for relations with the Palestinian Legislative Council. Schroeder has been active in setting up the new Parliamentary Intergroup "WTO Reform", initiated by the Green Fraction/EFA and supported by members of the European Parliament from other parties. The Intergroup is critical of the structure, methodology and non-accountability of the World Trade Organisation. It is calling for a full assessment of the WTO before any further negotiations or extension of its powers are agreed. The Intergroup is actively seeking the participation of civil society in developing the position of the European Parliament on the WTO Round due to take place in Seattle at the end of November 1999.


Senayanake co-ordinates the work of an NGO in Sri Lanka and works with Counterpart International (Washington DC, USA), Rainforest Rescue (Quito, Ecuador), with a forestry group in the Philippines, plus grassroots community development organisations in Columbia and California in the USA. He is also Professor at Monash University, Australia.


South African sociologist, lyricist, novelist, playwright, screenwriter, novelist and writer, Sitas is a founder of the pioneering Junction Avenue Theatre Company in Johannesburg, and of the workers' theatre movement in South Africa during the ‘80s. He has received numerous awards for his literary work, including the Olive Schreiner Award for Literature in 1985. Sitas has six plays to his name and has published two collections of his poetry, the latest being Slave Trades (Deep South, Cape Town 1999). Sitas is also Professor of Industrial and Labour Studies at the University of Natal, Durban in South Africa and sits on the executive of the International Sociological Association. Author of seven books on labour, political and sociological aspects of South Africa, his latest academic work, co-edited with T. Maria de Silva, is Gathering voices: Perspectives in the Social Sciences in Southern Africa (Sage 1998).




Veton Surroi is the editor of Koha Ditore, an independent daily newspaper in Kosovo.


Associated with TNI in the early 1990s through the New Political Thinking project, Suttner is currently the South African Ambassador to Sweden. A lawyer by training, he served 10 years imprisonment up to 1990 for his activities in the ANC/SACP underground. Suttner served on the National Executive Committee of the ANC and the Central Committee of the SACP, being appointed national education officer for the ANC in the early 1990s. He was subsequently elected a member of parliament in the first democratic national election of 1994, active in the Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs. He is currently writing up his autobiography.



Van der Spek is a freelance journalist and activist focused on the Balkans. He is concerned, too, to deconstruct postcolonial representations of the "other" in Western discourse, particularly as regards migration policy. He works for Dutch radio and regularly organises live debates at de Balie in Amsterdam. He is currently engaged in developing the Internet as a tactical tool for building independent civil society projects in former Yugoslavia. "Better a complex identity than an identity complex" is his war cry against narcissism and autism!



Vilas is Professor at the School of Government of the National Institute of Public Administration (INAP), in Buenos Aires, and senior researcher at the Instituto Argentino para el Searrollo Economico. He has published widely on Latin American left politics, social movements and civil society. His latest books are Between Earthquakes and Volcanoes : Market, State, and the Revolutions in Central America(Monthly Review 1995) and The Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation, co-edited with Douglas A. Chalmers et al (Oxford University 1997).




Recently retired after 25 years of teaching at the Institute for Social Studies in The Hague, Waterman is an avid follower of transnational social movements and proponent of "a new internationalism". He takes a special interest in the new information technology as an instrument of internationalism. He has his own Global Solidarity Site on the Internet The author of many publications on labour and other social movements, his latest book is Globalisation, Social Movements and the New Internationalisms (Mansell/Casell 1998) and his latest edited volume, co-edited with Ronaldo Munck, is Labour Worldwide in the Era of Globalisation: Alternative Union Models in the New World Order (Macmillan 1999). Waterman is a specialist on Latin America and South Africa, and divides his time between Peru and The Netherlands.


President of the Hague Appeal for Peace, Weiss has been a well known peace activist since the early ‘60s, when she was co-founder of Women Strike for Peace, which brought an end to nuclear testing in the atmosphere. She played a pivotal role in the anti-Vietnam war movement and was co-chair and Director of the Committee of Liaison with Families of Prisoners Detained in Vietnam. As a Trustee of Hampshire college, she started the campus campaign to divest stocks in companies doing business with apartheid South Africa. She has a long record of support for the United Nations, starting in the '50s, when she hosted colonial Africans petitioning for their independence. She has devoted most of her life to the peace movement and the struggle for civil and women’s rights, for which she has received many awards.


Former Fellow of TNI, currently serving on its advisory board, Weiss works for the Centre for Constitutional Rights in the US where he is the lawyer of Joyce Horman, whose husband, Charles, was murdered just after the Pinochet coup and immortalised in the film "Missing". Weiss was also a close friend of another US-connection to the case against Pinochet - TNI Director, Orlando Letelier. Weiss is also President of the International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms and serves on the steering committee of the Middle Powers Initiative, a civil society effort at a new diplomacy on nuclear arms.


Formerly with the IUCN-Netherlands, Wesselius is co-founder of the Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO) and the Platform Towards Another Europe. He has been a leading figure in the campaigns in Europe against the Multilateral Agreement on Investment and the WTO Millennium Round.


Wolff is the former president of the public workers’ trade union, SEPA, the biggest trade union on the island of Aruba in the Dutch Antilles. He led the union for many years until 1998 and presently acts as its spokesperson. Wolff is a weekly radio commentator on social and political issues.


Wolvekamp has worked for Amsterdam-based environmental NGO, Both Ends for a decade. He is a forestry expert, with an educational background in law, political science and environmental studies. Wolvekamp has worked primarily to draw attention to the realities and priorities of local people, and their support organisations, with regard to environmental management and 'development', and to challenge the traditional top-down, market-oriented approaches of development cooperation. His most recent publications include include Same Platform: Different Train. Pluralism, Participation and Power, with Nicholas Hildyard et al (Unasylva/FAO 1998); and the edited volume Forests for the Future: Local Strategies for Forest Protection, Economic Welfare and Social Justice (Both Ends/Econet/Zed 1999).


Woodroffe is Head of Campaigns at the World Development Movement, one of the UK's leading campaign organisations on Third World issues. Having lectured in Third World politics at Manchester University, she went on to work on policy and campaigns for Christian Aid, most recently as Head of Campaigns. Specialising in economic issues, her areas of expertise include transnational corporations, the World Bank and IMF, and Third world debt. For the last four years, WDM's "People before Profit" campaign has highlighted the increasing abuse of power by multinationals and called for government regulation. Having successfully campaigned against the Multilateral Agreement on Investment, WDM is now turning its attention to the WTO, as the legitimising vehicle for globalisation. It has also prepared a report outlining a proposal for an alternative International Investment Agreement, which would curb the power of multinationals.



Youngers works closely with the TNI/Acción Andina Drugs and Democracy programme and is Senior Associate for the Andes and US International Drug Policy at the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA).