Crime & Globalisation Seminars
Seminars held by the Crime & Globalisation program.
February 28-29, 2008
Taller internacional: Políticas alternativas de seguridad ciudadana en America Latina, Nueva Sociedad/Transnational Institute, Buenos Aires
La inseguridad es una de las principales preocupaciones y demandas de las sociedades latinoamericanas a sus gobiernos y en la mayoría de los países se ha convertido en el eje de los debates políticos y en un punto decisivo del contiendas electorales. A pesar de su importancia, el destacado lugar que hoy este tema ocupa en la agenda regional es producto del creceiente miedo, de la persión y de los reclamos de los ciudadanos.
June 12-13, 2007
TNI Expert Seminar on Money Laundering, Tax Evasion and Financial Regulation. The seminar will look at the effectiveness of the Anti Money Laundering (AML) regime that has been built over the past two decades, and the more recent attempts by states and international organisations to control tax evasion, capital flight and curb tax avoidance and harmful tax competition. Despite the impressive paper framework the AML regime appears to be not very effective. Tax evasion and avoidance, harmful tax practices, flight capital and transfer pricing have been recognized as having an even greater damaging impact on the global financial system and as a major impediment for countries to sustain their tax base, and in particular for developing countries to sustain their own development. However, even less has been achieved in building an effective global regime to counter tax transgressions.
Offshore centers, tax havens, private banking and lax bookkeeping regulations play a major role in undermining both AML and tax regulation. Both cases call for effective re-regulation at the international level. The seminar will brings together experts in the fields of AML and tax justice to analyze current shortcomings, and discuss recommendations on the way forward. Will it be sufficient to strengthen current regulatory initiatives or is something more robust needed?
An evaluation and overhaul of the entire system of international financial regulation seems to be necessary. The result of that process should be a comprehensive approach to tackle money laundering, tax evasion and avoidance and financial flight capital as interconnected phenomena and provide the necessary enforcement mechanisms. The United Nations might be the right arena to provide a ‘level playing field’ to negotiate such a comprehensive approach.
April 28-29, 2005
TNI Expert Seminar Global Enforcement Regimes. Transnational Organised Crime, International Terrorism and Money Laundering Amsterdam. The seminar looked at the developments in the multilateral agreements and conventions on drug control, money laundering, transnational organised crime and terrorism and their dangers for civil liberties, human rights and sovereignty, and the question of who is setting the agenda on these issues.
A report of the seminar proceedings was finalised in July 2005, and one of the papers presented was reworked into a briefing, The Global Fix: The Construction of a Global Enforcement Regime, written by Michael Woodiwiss and David Bewley-Taylor, that was published in October 2005.
An Italian version of the The Global Fix briefing is published in a three part series in May, June and July 2006, by Fuorilogo, a monthly magazine that is distributed with Il Manifesto newspaper in Italy.
December 5-6, 2003
TNI Expert Seminar The Economic Impact of the Illicit Drug Industry in Amsterdam. This was the first in a series of seminars planned by the project. The aim was to assess the global volume of the illegal drugs industry and to look at where the illegal proceeds of the industry are going, including financial flows, investments in the legal economy and alleged funding of international terrorism. Participants were critical of the widespread recourse to inflated figures, doubtful evaluation processes and the institutional need for numbers. They stressed how difficult it is to collect and interpret data on illegal drugs, and were sceptical of the plausability of most existing estimates. There was agreement, however, that the economic impact of the illicit drugs industry is more likely to be significant in less developed countries with weaker institutions.
Read the report of the seminar proceedings. A summary of the report was published in the September 2004 issue of the Italian monthly Narcomafie as "I conti non tornano: L'impatto economico dell'industria degli stupefacenti".