Climate justice groups warn of false solutions to climate change at the CBD

23 May 2008
Article
The Convention on Biological Diversity has increasingly allowed itself to be influenced by business interests in recent years, at the expense of ensuring a democratic equitable process.
This has exposed the Convention to proposals to adopt a number of false solutions which perpetuate biodiversity destruction, climate change and erosion of people's rights, especially those of women, Indigenous Peoples and local communities. Healthy ecosystems and biodiversity are vital for regulating the climate. False climate solutions which harm biodiversity, communities and ecosystems will further destabilise the climate. They also result in the displacement of, and the loss of rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities. We are already witnessing such severe impacts, as the result of false solutions which are currently being implemented on a large scale: Agrofuel (also called biofuel) crops, and industrial tree plantations, which UN bodies falsely refer to as 'afforestation and reforestation'. To make matters worse, certification schemes, standards and criteria falsely promote these damaging activities as being 'environmentally sustainable'. A range of other false solutions have also been proposed and some of them are already beginning to be implemented. These also threaten to have grave impacts on biodiversity, climate stability and the rights of people. They do not address the root causes of climate change but have the potential to worsen the crisis, and include: GE trees for industrial tree plantations that will be used as agrofuels and 'carbon sinks'; Ocean-'fertilisation' (for example dumping iron particles in the sea) Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): This includes fossil fuel combustion with CCS and bioenergy with CCS; Soil carbon sequestration schemes linked to industrial agriculture. Corporations are also promoting false solutions for climate change adaptation. Those include genetic engineering, using patented genes to induce resistance in crops to drought, salinity and extreme temperatures. At a time when rampant free market capitalism has led to financial crisis, with skyrocketing oil and food prices, market based ‘innovative’ financial mechanisms are still being promoted to commodify nature including, carbon trading, carbon offsets, payments for environmental services, REDD, and biodiversity offsets. These 'solutions' are more likely to endanger biodiversity, climate and communities. Such false solutions are really for the benefit of corporations. The real agenda behind this is to increase corporate control over land, forests, water, agriculture and biodiversity, using climate change and the biodiversity crisis as an opportunity to further these objectives. This is a new 21st century phase of colonialism. These false solutions are facilitated by false definitions and language: For example, tree plantations are referred to as 'forests' and intensive industrial agriculture is called a 'Green Revolution'. We call on the international negotiators and representatives of the different sectors and NGOs at CBD COP9 to oppose any intent to water down the Convention and perpetuate corporate interests. They must reject GE trees, industrial agrofuels and plantations, carbon trading and offsets, ocean fertilisation, climate ready genes, another destructive ‘Green Revolution’ and any other false solution that ignores and harms community rights, including those of indigenous peoples, degrades ecosystems, and constitutes a threat to biodiversity and climate.
African Biodiversity Network Africa Europe Faith & Justice Network A SEED Europe Biofuelwatch, UK Carbon Trade Watch CEPPAS CORE, India Corporate Europe Observatory, The Netherlands ETC Group, Canada FASE-ES, Brazil Focus on the Global South Friends of the Earth, Mauritius Friends of the Earth, Papua New Guinea – Centre for Environmental Law Friends of the Earth, Costa Rica – COECOCEIBA Friends of the Earth, Australia Friends of the Earth, Denmark – NOAH Gaia Foundation, UK Global Forest Coalition Global Justice Ecology Project, USA Grupo de Reflexión Rural Indigenous Environment Network Intercultural Resources, Lokayan, India International Indian Treaty Council Kalikasan People’s Network for the Environment, Philippines Movimientos Madre Tierra, Honduras National Forum of Forest People & Forest Workers, India Oilwatch International Peoples Forum against ADB RAPAL, Uruguay River Basin Friends(NE) ,India School of Democratic Economics, Indonesia Sobrevivencia, Paraguay SOLJUSPAX, Philippines Stop GE Trees Campaign Sustainable Energy & Economy Network, USA Terra de Direitos, Brasil The Cornerhouse, UK Timberwatch Coalition, South Africa Transnational Institute, The Netherlands World Rainforest Movement, Uruguay
To sign on please write to tamra[at]tni.org For more information please contact: Estebancio Castro (Indigenous Peoples & REDD): +49 175 977 2491 Miguel Lovera (Agroculture), GFC: + 49 1 52 2534 4787 Tamra Gilbertson (Carbon Trading & Offsets), CTW/TNI: +34 665 990 921 Silvia Ribeiro (Ocean ‘Fertilisation’), ETC: +49 176 7706 4731 Ana Filippini (Forests and Plantations), WRM: +49 1 52 2534 4787 Nina Holland (Agrofuels), CEO: +31 630 285 042 Anne Peterman (GE Trees), GJEP: + 49 1 76 7718 7583 Simone Lovera (Gender and Biodiversity), GFC: +49 175 977 2491