La crisis de la UE: guía de bolsillo

Edición 2012
29 November 2012
Primer

Una útil guía de bolsillo que explica cómo la crisis de Wall Street se vio agravada por las políticas de la UE y cómo ha enriquecido al 1% de la población en detrimento del 99%, y apunta a posibles soluciones que priorizan a las personas y el medio ambiente por encima de los beneficios empresariales.

Ahora también en italiano

 

Índice

  • Cómo una crisis de la deuda privada se convirtió en una crisis de la deuda pública y en una excusa para la austeridad
  • La forma en que los ricos y los banqueros se beneficiaron, mientras que la gran mayoría perdió
  • Las devastadoras consecuencias sociales de la austeridad
  • La respuesta de la UE a la crisis: más austeridad, más privatizaciones, menos democracia
  • Diez alternativas presentadas por grupos de la sociedad civil para que la gente y el medio ambiente sean más importantes que la codicia empresarial
  • Recursos para mayor información
 

Referencias

Página 3

  • Ha-Joon Chang, Austerity has never worked, The Guardian, 4 de junio de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/jun/04/austerity-policy-eurozone-crisis
  • IMF, IMF Sees Heightened Risks Sapping Slower Global Recovery, 9 de octubre de 2012
    http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/2012/res100812a.htm
  • David Jolly, Greek Economy Shrank 6.2% in Second Quarter, 13 de agosto de 2012
    http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/14/business/global/greek-economy-shrank-dramatically-in-2nd-quarter.html?_r=0
  • Heather Stewart, George Osborne's austerity is costing UK an extra £76bn, says IMF, The Observer, 13 de octubre de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/oct/13/imf-george-osborne-austerity-76bn?newsfeed=true
  • Nicoletta Batini, Giovanni Callegari and Giovanni Melina, Successful Austerity in the United States, Europe and Japan, IMF Working Paper, julio de 2012
    http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2012/wp12190.pdf
  • BBC Radio 4, Today, Interview with Nicoletta Batini on the main findings of the paper, 24 de agosto de 2012
    https://sites.google.com/site/giovannimelina/research
  • Grail Research, Global Financial Crisis, 12 de septiembre de 2009
    http://grailresearch.com/pdf/ContenPodsPdf/Global_Bailout_Tracker.pdf
  • Polly Curtis, Reality Check: how much did the banking crisis cost taxpayers? The Guardian, 11 de septiembre de 2011
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/reality-check-with-polly-curtis/2011/sep/12/reality-check-banking-bailout
  • Market Watch, Fortis gets $16.4 billion in partial privatization, 29 de septiembre de 2008
    http://articles.marketwatch.com/2008-09-29/news/30742197_1_abn-amro-bradford-bingley-royal-bank
  • European Commission, New crisis management measures to avoid future bank bail-outs, 6 de junio de 2012
    http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-12-570_en.htm
  • NAMA, Anglo Irish Bank/INBS bailout to cost €52bn revealed in Dail questioning, 19 de septiembre de 2012
    http://namawinelake.wordpress.com/2012/09/19/anglo-irish-bankinbs-bailout-to-cost-e52bn-revealed-in-dail-questioning/

Página 4

  • Myriam Vander Stichele, Bank regulation delays, bailouts, austerity and protests, SOMO, octubre de 2012
    http://somo.nl/news-en/new-issue-eu-financial-reforms-newsletter-3
  • UNICEF, Austerity Measures Threaten Children and Poor Households, septiembre de 2011
    http://www.unicef.org/socialpolicy/files/Austerity_Measures_Threaten_Children.pdf
  • Wall Street Journal, Unemployment, Production Data Show Greece's Economy Worsening, 10 de febrero de 2012
    http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203824904577212702598104384.html
  • European Commission, Unemployment statistics, consultado el 10 de octubre de 2012
    http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Unemployment_statistics
  • Helena Smith, Greek homeless shelters take in casualties of debt crisis, The Guardian, 10 de febrero de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/10/greek-homeless-shelters-debt-crisis
  • Kerin Hope, Grim effects of austerity show on Greek streets, Financial Times, 17 de febrero de 2012
    http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/95df9026-5983-11e1-8d36-00144feabdc0.html
  • International Labor Organization, Work Inequalities in the Crisis Evidence from Europe, de febrero de 2012
    http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/---publ/documents/publication/wcms_169984.pdf
  •  

Página 5

  • Capgemini & Merril Lynch, The 16th Annual World Wealth Report 2012, 19 de junio de 2012
    http://www.capgemini.com/insights-and-resources/by-publication/world-wealth-report-2012/
  • Capgemini & Merril Lynch, World Wealth Report 2011, 2011
    http://www.ml.com/media/114235.pdf
  • Banksdaily.com, Top banks and banking groups in Europe, ranked by net profit (incl. full-year 2011 results)
    http://www.banksdaily.com/topbanks/Europe/2011.html
  • The High Pay Commission, Cheques With Balances: why tackling high pay is in the national interest, noviembre de 2011
    http://highpaycommission.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/HPC_final_report_WEB.pdf
  • CEO, Visit Brussels – the heart of lobbying, 11 de septiembre de 2011
    http://blog.brusselssunshine.eu/2011/09/visit-brussels-heart-of-lobbying.html
  • Dieter Piehwe, Measuring European relations of lobby power, febrero de 2012
    http://wien.arbeiterkammer.at/bilder/d179/MaterialienMuG113.pdf
  • FT, America wakes to the din of inequity, 16 de octubre de 2011
    http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/76a7c01a-f66f-11e0-86dc-00144feab49a.html#axzz29etoV7cV

Página 6

  • Institute for Fiscal Studies, The IFS Green Budget, febrero de 2012
    http://www.ifs.org.uk/budgets/gb2012/gb2012.pdf
  • Heather Stewart, Osborne's austerity drive cut 270,000 public sector jobs last year, 14 de marzo de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/mar/14/osborne-austerity-270000-public-sector-jobs
  • Rajeev Syai, Leaked documents reveal plan to lengthen public sector working hours, The Guardian, 10 de octubre de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2012/oct/10/leaked-documents-public-sector-hours
  • Ian Traynor, Germany to set the terms for saving the euro, the Guardian, 31 de enero de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jan/30/eu-summit-eurozone-treaty-deal
  • Wall Street Journal, Europe's Banker Talks Tough: Draghi Says Continent's Social Model Is 'Gone,' Won't Backtrack on Austerity, 24 de febrero de 2012
    http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203960804577241221244896782.htmlgmaill. Full interview available here: http://www.ecb.int/press/key/date/2012/html/sp120224.en.html
  • Third World Network, More austerity won't solve European crisis, Third World Resurgence, mayo de 2012
    http://www.twnside.org.sg/title2/resurgence/2012/261/cover05.htm
  • UNDESA, World Economic Situation and Prospects 2012, 2012
    http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wesp/wesp_archive/2012wespupdate.pdf

Página 7

  • European Commission, The Second Economic Adjustment Programme for Greece - March 2012. European Economy Occasional Papers 94, marzo de 2012, página 118
    http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/occasional_paper/2012/pdf/ocp94_en.pdf
  • European Commission, The Economic Adjustment Programme for Portugal. Fourth review - Spring 2012. European Economy Occasional Papers 111, julio de 2012
    http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/occasional_paper/2012/pdf/ocp111_en.pdf
  • Randeep Ramesh, Hundreds of contracts signed in 'biggest ever act of NHS privatisation', 3 de octubre de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/oct/03/private-contracts-signed-nhs-privatisation
  • UNISON, Stronger Together: A UNISON guide to influencing the new NHS, 2012
    http://www.unison.org.uk/acrobat/21118.pdf
  • Blue Planet Project et al, Our Right to Water, Case studies on austerity and privatisation in Europe, marzo de 2012
    http://www.blueplanetproject.net/documents/RTW/RTW-Europe-1.pdf
  • TNI, EU Commission Forces Crisis-hit Countries to Privatise Water, 17 de octubre de 2012
    http://www.tni.org/pressrelease/eu-commission-forces-crisis-hit-countries-privatise-water
  • Corporate European Observatory, European Union uses eurocrisis as alibi to push privatisation of water services, 2 de mayo de 2012
    http://corporateeurope.org/EU-in-crisis-conf/essays/european-union-uses-eurocrisis-alibi-push-privatisation-water-services
  • PSI, Victory in Italy as court blocks privatisation, 27 de julio de 2012
    http://www.world-psi.org/en/victory-italy-court-blocks-privatisation
  • TNI, From Maastricht to the Fiscal Treaty. An interview with Susan George, 8 de marzo de 2012
    http://www.tni.org/article/rise-neoliberal-and-undemocratic-europe
  • Andy Storey, The debt crisis and the fiscal treaty referendum in Ireland, 1 de junio de 2012
    http://www.tni.org/article/debt-crisis-and-fiscal-treaty-referendum-ireland
  • Forbes, Spain Forced To Impose Haircuts On Savers, Private Investors As Part Of Bailout Deal, 7 de octubre de 2012
    http://www.forbes.com/sites/afontevecchia/2012/07/10/spain-forced-to-impose-haircuts-on-savers-private-investors-as-part-of-bailout-deal/
  • See leaked document: Spain - Memorandum of Understanding on Financial-Sector Policy Conditionality, julio de 2012
    http://ep00.epimg.net/descargables/2012/07/10/14540e59ee5504648623c2bb5da808b8.pdf
  • Ian Traynor, Europe prepares for another Franco-German tussle in Brussels, The Guardian, 14 de octubre de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/14/europe-franco-german-tussle-brussels?INTCMP=SRCH

Mapa de las resistencias 2012

  • Maria Margaronis, Dimitris Christoulas and the legacy of his suicide for Greece, The Guardian, 4 de abril de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/apr/05/dimitris-christoulas-legacy-suicide-greece
  • The Guardian, Athens descends into violence as 200,000 march against austerity, 26 de septiembre de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/sep/26/greece-violence-general-strike-austerity
  • The Guardian, Merkel visits Greece as 50,000 people protest - as it happened, 9 de octubre de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/oct/09/eurozone-crisis-angela-merkel-visits-greece
  • BBC News, Athens clashes as Greek police fire tear gas, 26 de septiembre de 2012
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-19724284
  • Kerin Hope, Athens protests erupts into violence, Financial Times, 18 de octubre de 2012
    http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/5b4cf5d6-192f-11e2-af4e-00144feabdc0.html#axzz29pea9aRP
  • Giles Tremlett, Spanish protest against spending cuts and changes to labour rights, 19 de febrero 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/19/spanish-protest-spending-cuts-labour
  • Giles Tremlett & Ian Traynor, Spanish take to streets in protest as MPs pass €65bn austerity package The Guardian, 19 de julio de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jul/19/spain-austerity-protest-bank-bailout-bond
  • Graeme Wearden, Eurozone as it happened: Riot police clash with anti-austerity protesters in Madrid, The Guardian, 25 de septiembre de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/sep/25/eurozone-crisis-merkel-draghi-lagarde-greece
  • AP, Anti-austerity protests grip 56 Spanish cities, 7 de octubre de 2012
    http://finance.yahoo.com/news/anti-austerity-protests-grip-56-spanish-cities-155734314.html
  • Joana Gorjão Henriques, Portugal finally stands up and protests, 24 de septiembre de 2012
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/sep/24/portugal-stands-up-and-protests

Fuentes para la elaboración de la guía

Gracias a Susan George, Myriam van der Stichele y a Andy Storey por sus comentarios, y a Ricardo Santos por el diseño.

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