Despite spending some $20 billion over the past decade on international drug control and interdiction efforts, illegal drugs from Latin America still flood the United States - a fact that concerns many within the military itself.
"A magnificent washing-machine is sold here, its trademark is Aruba. The machine is an Aruban-Colombian product, its model called Cartel. The brand is well-known for its good performance in the United States and Europe. It is recommended by former ministers, members of Parliament, owners of casinos, supermarkets, cosmetics manufacturers and importers of cars and batteries. The washing-machine fits everybody who has become inexplicably rich from one day to another."
The Mexican army, that historically has maintained a stringent "nationalistic" stance towards the United States, now supports a form of militarization that, disguising itself as a "war on drugs", imposes a "democracy of national security".
The possibilities of a lasting peace in the region are placed in doubt by a new and silent war: one unleashed against drug trafficking, and in which the role of the region's armed forces remains unclear.
A surprising proposal presented to US President Bill Clinton by Argentine President Saul Menem during a visit in December 1996 to the White House seems to indicate a new role for the armed forces of this Latin American country.
The following essays present insights into the various levels of military involvement in the war on drugs and the implications of this involvement in terms of democracy and human rights in the Western hemisphere.
On somme la Suisse de se jeter à pieds joints dans le néo-libéralisme et d'embrasser la pensée unique façon helvétique. Avant de s'y lancer, ne vaudrait-il pas mieux réfléchir à ce qui s'est passé chez d'autres qui ont fait ce choix? Susan George et Fabrizio Sabelli mettent à plat les rouages du tout-marché, révèlent son inefficacité économique, décrivent ses funestes conséquences humaines et tracent des voies différentes vers la réussite économique et la cohésion sociale, le tout avec esprit et clarté.