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25 items
  1. Selling the Silk Road Spirit

    07 November 2019
    Policy briefing

    This briefing aims to deepen discussion on the Belt and Road Iniatiative (BRI) in Myanmar. The BRI is often described as a ‘grand strategy’ led by President Xi Jinping, centrally planned and rolled out by obedient state-owned enterprises (SOEs). The sheer size of the initiative – 136 countries have received US$90 billion in Chinese foreign direct investment and exchanged US$6 trillion in trade with China - can make the BRI appear monolithic and inevitable. However, using a political economy analysis, this briefing demonstrates that the BRI is not a grand strategy, but a broad framework of activities that seek to address a crisis in Chinese capitalism. An examination of four BRI projects in Myanmar using Chinese language sources shows the extent of lobbying by Chinese SOEs and the Yunnan provincial government to promote the projects, with support from the central Chinese government.

  2. The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)

    • Stephanie Olinga-Shannon, Mads Barbesgaard, Pietje Vervest
    29 October 2019
    Paper

    This paper outlines a framing for how to understand the Belt and Road Initiative.

  3. The Transnational Institute supports the Global Climate Strike

    24 September 2019
    Declaration

    The climate crisis is a manifestation of the systemic, capitalist crisis. We demand governments tackle the climate crisis by ending corporate power, facilitated by the trade and investment regime, that has long destroyed livelihoods and communities.

    This corporate impunity has led to the wholesale looting of the biosphere, authoritarian responses and worsening social, political and environmental conflicts, particularly in the Global South.

  4. “ပထမေတာ့ ေသနတ္နဲ႔ က်ေနာ္တို႔ရဲ႕ ေျမေတြကို လုယူသြားခဲ့ၾကတယ္။ အခုက်ေတာ့ ေျမလုဖို႔ ဥပေဒကို အသံုးခ်လာျပန္ၿပီ။"

    03 September 2019
    Article

    ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံထဲက ေနရပ္စြန္႔ခြာ စစ္ေဘးတိမ္းေရွာင္ခဲ့ရသူေတြဟာ ဆယ္စုႏွစ္ေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ တရား မွ်တမႈမရွိတဲ့ဒဏ္ကို တစ္ရစ္ၿပီးတစ္ရစ္ ခါးစည္းခံခဲ့ၾကရတယ္။ ဒီေန႔ဒီအခ်ိန္မွာလည္း သန္းေခါင္ ထက္ညနက္တဲ့ အေျခအေနမ်ိဳး ႀကံဳေတြ႔ေနၾကရတုန္းပါပဲ။

  5. အက်ပ္အတည္းဆုိက္ေနေသာ ႏိုင္ငံေရးစနစ္တစ္ရပ္ကုိ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲျခင္း - ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံအတြင္း႐ွိ ႏုိင္ငံတကာအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ား တာဝန္ယူမႈ႐ွိရန္ လုိအပ္ေနျခင္း

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    27 August 2019
    Article

    ႏိုင္ငံေရးအက်ပ္အတည္းမွာ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတြင္ဆက္လ်က္ျဖစ္ေပၚလ်က္ရွိသည္။ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးေဆြးေႏြးပြဲမ်ားႏွင့္ အေထြေထြေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမ်ားသည္လည္း ႏိုင္ငံတစ္၀ွမ္းအေရးနိမ့္လ်က္ရွိသည္။

    ႏိုင္ငံေရးပါတီမ်ားအားလံုး-ျပည္တြင္း၊ ျပည္ပႏွစ္ရပ္စလံုး- အေနျဖင့္ ယခုကဲ့သို့ မေအာင္ျမင္ခဲ့ရသည့္ အေၾကာင္းရင္းမ်ားကို ျပန္လည္သံုးသပ္ရန္လိုအပ္လွသည္။

    ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီကုိတည္ေဆာက္လိုလွ်င္ အရပ္ဖက္အဖြဲ႔အစည္းကြန္ရက္မ်ားႏွင့္ ျပည္သူ့ကိုယ္စားျပဳအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးစနစ္သည္ ျပည္သူမ်ားအၾကားအားေကာင္းရေပမည္။

  6. “First they grabbed our land with guns; now they are using the law"

    26 August 2019
    Article

    Displaced people in Myanmar have been suffering layer upon layer of injustice over the past decades. Today the situation is as bad as ever.

  7. Transformation of an Entrenched Political System: The Need for International Responsibility in Myanmar

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    12 August 2019
    Article

    Political impasse continues in Myanmar. Peace talks and general elections have failed to achieve national breakthroughs. All parties — both domestic and international — need to reflect on this failure. Civil society networks and representative governance must be strengthened at the community level if peace and democracy are to be built.

  8. Chronology on the Statue Case in Loikaw, Kayah State

    28 June 2019
    Article

    In this commentary, the Union of Karenni State Youth and LAIN Technical Support Group provide a chronology of events, outlining how arrests and the government’s handling of events have compounded rather than resolved political frustrations and inter-community understandings.

  9. The Promise and The Statue

    28 June 2019
    Article

    The construction of an Aung San statue has caused deep controversy in Kayah State during the past year. Dee De is a member of the Karenni State Farmers Union and Union of Karenni State Youth. He was arrested on 21 June, Karenni National Day, for his involvement in protests. In his commentary, Dee De argues why the construction of the statue is premature and a sensitive issue for the Karenni and other ethnic nationality peoples at this time.

  10. (၇)ႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ ဘိန္းစိုက္ေတာင္သူမ်ားညီလာခံ သေဘာထားထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္ ဖယ္ခံုၿမိဳ႕၊ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ေတာင္ပိုင္း

    Myanmar Opium Farmers Forum (MOFF)
    13 May 2019
    Declaration

    ကၽြႏ္ုပ္တို႔ ကရင္၊ ကယား၊ ပအို၀္း၊ ရွမ္း၊ လားဟူႏွင့္ ကခ်င္ ဘိန္းစိုက္ေတာင္သူ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ားသည္ ကၽြႏ္ုပ္တို႔ ရင္ဆိုင္ႀကံဳေတြ႔ေနရသည့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈအခက္အခဲမ်ားကို ႏွီးေႏွာတိုင္ပင္၍ ေဆြးေႏြးအေျဖရွာႏိုင္ ေစရန္ ၂၀၁၉ ခုႏွစ္ ေမလ ၈-၁၀ ရက္ေန႔အတြင္း ေတြ႔ဆံုစည္းေ၀းခဲ့ၾကပါသည္။ ဘိန္းစိုက္ေတာင္သူမ်ား၏ ဘ၀မ်ားအေပၚ ရိုက္ခတ္လ်က္ရွိသည့္ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ခ်မွတ္မႈ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္မ်ားအားလံုး၌ ဘိန္းစိုက္ေတာင္သူ မ်ား၏ သေဘာထားမ်ားကို ထည့္သြင္းစဥ္းစားေပးရန္ အလြန္အေရးႀကီးသည္ဟု ကၽြႏ္ုပ္တို႔ယူဆပါသည္။ ထို႔ေၾကာင့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဘိန္းစိုက္ေတာင္သူမ်ားညီလာခံ(MOFF)ကို ၂၀၁၃ ခုႏွစ္မွစ၍ စီစဥ္က်င္းပလာခဲ့ သည္မွာ ယခု(၇)ႀကိမ္တိုင္ခဲ့ၿပီျဖစ္ပါသည္။

  11. Statement from the 7th Myanmar Opium Farmers' Forum

    Myanmar Opium Farmers Forum (MOFF)
    10 May 2019
    Declaration

    During 8-10 May 2019, representatives from Kayan, Kayah, Pa-O, Shan, Lahu and Kachin opium farming communities came together to discuss their challenges in life and find ways to solve their problems.

  12. Save the Irrawaddy by Offering Compensation

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    09 May 2019
    Article

    Controversy continues over a suspended mega-dam project, backed by China, on the Irrawaddy River in Kachin State. The social and environmental consequences of the proposed project cast a shadow not only over the local Kachin population but over all the nationalities of Myanmar. Public awareness is growing why protecting the Irrawaddy is of national importance.

  13. The 10th Asian Informal Drug Policy Dialogue

    02 May 2019
    Report

    From 15 to 18 November 2018, the Transnational Institute (TNI) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) jointly organised the 10th Asian Informal Drug Policy Dialogue (IDPD). It was organised in collaboration with the Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control (CCDAC) of Myanmar and held at Inle Lake, Southern Shan State, Myanmar.

  14. Trends in small-scale fishery in Myanmar: Tenure rights and gender in Mon State and Tanintharyi Division

    • Maria Belen Angeles, Mads Barbesgaard, Jennifer Franco
    12 March 2019
    Paper

    “Fish is the world’s most traded food commodity, and Myanmar is on the cusp of becoming a major international source."

  15. Opium harvest in early 2019 in Pekhon Township, southern Shan State (TNI)

    ေျမျပင္အမွန္တရားကို လိုရာဆြဲပံုေဖာ္ျခင္း - မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါး၊ ပဋိပကၡႏွင့္ UNODC ၏ ၂၀၁၈ ခုႏွစ္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ ဘိန္းစစ္တမ္း

    Transnational Institute (TNI)
    07 March 2019
    Article

    ကုလသမဂၢ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးႏွင့္ ျပစ္မႈဆိုင္ရာရံုး(UNODC)၏ လတ္တေလာထုတ္ျပန္ခဲ့သည့္ “၂၀၁၈ ခုႏွစ္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ ဘိန္းစစ္တမ္း”၌ ပဋိပကၡတြင္း ပါ၀င္ပတ္သက္ေနသည့္ အဖြဲ႔အစည္းအခ်ိဳ႕ကို တိတိပပစြပ္စြဲေျပာဆိုထားသည့္ အခ်က္မ်ားပါ၀င္လ်က္ရွိသည္။ ဤ သံုးသပ္ခ်က္အတြင္း ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ရႈပ္ေထြးလြန္းလွသည့္ လက္ေတြ႔အေျခအေနမ်ားကို ထင္ဟပ္မႈမရွိဘဲ လိုရာဆြဲ၍ မည္ကဲ့သို႔ပံုေဖာ္ေရးသားထားေၾကာင္း ရွင္းလင္းေဖာ္ျပထားပါ သည္။

  16. ‘There is no vacant land’

    • Oliver Springate-Baginski
    06 March 2019
    Primer

    This Primer promotes a deeper understanding and appreciation of Myanmar's customary tenure systems, which are under threat from the government's new land policies. It looks at the nature and origin of traditional land and resource use customs and the functions these fulfill in Myanmar's rural communities.

  17. Opium harvest in early 2019 in Pekhon Township, southern Shan State (TNI)

    A Distortion of Reality: Drugs, Conflict and the UNODC’s 2018 Myanmar Opium Survey

    Transnational Institute (TNI)
    05 March 2019
    Article

    The recently-released “Myanmar Opium Survey 2018” by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) entails specific accusations against several of the conflict actors. This commentary explains how this further distorts, rather than reflects, the complex realities in Myanmar.

  18. Methamphetamine use in Myanmar, Thailand, and Southern China: assessing practices, reducing harms

    • Renaud Cachia, Thura Myint Lwin
    18 February 2019
    Policy briefing

    Over the past decade, methamphetamine use has grown more popular in Myanmar, Thailand and Southern China. Based on in-depth interviews conducted with individuals who use methamphetamine, this briefing sheds light on the importance of promoting an environment that reinforces, rather than undermines, the ability of people who use methamphetamine to regulate their drug use, preserve their health and adopt safer practices.

  19. Village meeting in Magyi

    Investing in Mon State?

    MACDO, Mads Barbesgaard
    04 February 2019
    Article

    How beneficial is the new policy of encouraging investment in Myanmar's Mon state?

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