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19 items
  1. The ‘deja vú’ of aerial crop spraying in Colombia

    Nicolás Martínez Rivera
    29 February 2020
    Article

    At the end of 2019 the government of Iván Duque presented a draft decree to resume the spraying of drug crops used for illicit purposes. It argued that spraying is the only instrument to curb the increase in coca crops.

  2. Timeline - Fumigation in Colombia

    30 September 2015
    Infograph

    For 37 years Colombia has been spraying chemicals to combat illicit crops, particularly coca. These massive eradication programmes became part of the US-backed 'War on Drugs'. The fumigations are controversial for their proven inefficacy to reduce supply and demand for the use of herbicides such as glyphosate.

  3. Colombia, more than three decades of toxic sprayings. Enough!

    Amira Armenta
    26 September 2014
    Article

    It is unfortunate that 35 years after the first chemical spraying in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, we are still writing about aerial sprayings in Colombia, demanding the current government to definitely defer an ecocide and incompetent policy.

  4. Colombia’s Uribe takes dictation one last time

    Atilio Boron
    04 August 2010
    Article

    The White House asked him for one last “proof of love” to support US Latin America policy. What will be next? Worries about his personal future?

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    Eradications and conflict in Colombia

    19 May 2008
    Article
    While the coca farmer is treated as a criminal the road to peace in the Colombian countryside will remain closed.

    Although more and more coca is being eradicated, production levels remain steady. According to the latest Annual Report of the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB), published in March 2008, more and more coca is being eradicated in South America. Despite this, the total area sown has remained stable in the region, as has the total production in metric tons of cocaine. In the case of Colombia, 23 per cent more was eradicated in 2006 than in 2005.

  6. Colombia coca cultivation survey results

    • Drugs and Democracy
    01 June 2007
    Policy briefing

    Despite 2006 witnessing the most intensive use of fumigation in the country’s history, some 157,200 hectares of cultivation areas were detected, 13,200 hectares more than in 2005. Is the fumigation strategy failing?

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    Colombia and Drugs recommended links

    17 November 2005
    Article

    Useful websites and documents on Colombia, drugs and conflict.

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    Colombia: Drugs & Security

    02 January 2005
    Policy briefing

    The consequence of associating the 'war on drugs' with the 'war on terrorism' is that the failure of the former could end with the failure of the latter. The predominant military approach to 'narcoterrorism' fails to recognise the complex factors underlying both the drug problem and the violence; it assumes that the drug problem can be solved by force and that the armed conflict can be resolved by intensifying the conflict - that is, more war on war; and it has facilitated the consolidation of conventional drug-trafficking structures.

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    Alternative 'Drugs & Peace' Policy for Colombia, proposed by TNI & Acción Andina

    Drugs and Democracy
    26 June 2002
    Article

    The Transnational Institute (TNI) and Colombian partner, Acción Andina (AA), today announce a detailed alternative policy proposal on illicit drug crops and the peace process in Colombia.

  12. Fumigation and Conflict in Colombia

    • Martin Jelsma, Ricardo Vargas, Virginia Montañés, Amira Armenta
    20 September 2001
    Policy briefing

    The second issue of our series is dedicated to the controversial topic of Colombia’s aerial fumigation of coca and opium poppy fields.

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    Europe and Plan Colombia

    • Martin Jelsma, Ricardo Vargas
    20 April 2001
    Policy briefing

    The first issue of the Drugs & Conflict Debate Papers is devoted to the controversies that have arisen around Plan Colombia.

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    Europe Rejects Plan Colombia

    Martin Jelsma
    12 February 2001
    Article
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    Drug Cultivation, Fumigation and the Conflict in Colombia

    Ricardo Vargas
    01 October 1999
    Article
  16. Vredesproces en dreigende interventie in Colombia

    Tom Blickman
    01 October 1999
    Article

    Een belangrijke stap in het vredesproces was het toekennen van een gedemilitariseerde zone aan de FARC, de zogenaamde "despeje" - ontruimd gebied - sinds november 1998.

  17. The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the Illicit Drug Trade

    • Ricardo Vargas
    07 June 1999
    Policy briefing

    While escalating civil conflict in Colombia is attracting increasing international interest and concern, the complex relationships between drug trafficking, political violence, and the many actors involved in the social conflict in Colombia are often absent from the debate.

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    Colombia: Onbereikbare vrede

    Martin Jelsma
    01 May 1999
    Article
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    Coca Fumigation Hinders Colombian Peace Negotiations

    Martin Jelsma
    01 November 1998
    Article