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62 items
  1. ‘Found in the Dark’

    • Ernestien Jensema, Nang Pann Ei Kham
    11 October 2016
    Policy briefing

    To address its serious drug use problems, Myanmar should change its drug policy towards a harm reduction approach. Instead of a repressive approach, voluntary and evidence-based treatment and public health services, including harm reduction, should be made available and become generally accepted by enforcement officials and by the community at large.

  2. The China-Myanmar border at Muse-Ruili/ TNI

    China’s Engagement in Myanmar: From Malacca Dilemma to Transition Dilemma

    18 July 2016
    Policy briefing

    Myanmar’s political transition, which began in 2011, has brought China’s relationship with the country into question. China has made important steps to recognise this, but fundamental difficulties remain, including ongoing ethnic conflict and conflicting visions of development. Given their proximity and troubled histories, it is essential that good relations are developed between the two countries on the basis of equality and mutual respect. This briefing outlines the key histories, developments and strategies in recent Myanmar-China relations.

  3. အမ်ိဳးသမီးမပါဘဲ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းမႈမရွိႏိုင္ - ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအတြင္း က်ား/မတန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ၊ စစ္မက္ပ႗ိပကၡႏွင့္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး

    23 May 2016
    Policy briefing

    ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးတည္ေဆာက္မႈႏွင့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးတြင္ က်ား/မေရးရာကိစၥ၊ တုိင္းရင္း သားအေရးႏွင့္ အျခား သ႐ုပ္လကၡဏာမ်ား အၾကား ဆက္စပ္ပတ္သက္ေနမႈမ်ားကုိ ပုိမုိနားလည္သေဘာေပါက္ ရန္ လုိအပ္ေနသည္မွာ ၾကာၿပီျဖစ္သည္။ ႏုိင္ငံအတြင္း ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခုိင္ၿမဲသည့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္း ေရးႏွင့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီစနစ္ကုိ တည္ေဆာက္ရန္ ပဋိပကၡ ေျဖရွင္းမႈႏွင့္ ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္အဆင့္ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမႈတြင္ အမ်ဳိးသမီးအဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ား၏ ပါဝင္မႈႏွင့္ အမ်ဳိးသမီးအခြင့္အေရးမ်ား ႏွင့္ပတ္သက္သည့္ တုိးတက္မႈအေျခ အေနသည္ အေရးပါလွပါသည္။

  4. စတုတၳအႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ ဘိန္းစိုက္ေတာင္သူမ်ားညီလာခံ သေဘာထားထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္

    10 May 2016

    ကယားျပည္နယ္၊ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ေတာင္ပိုင္း၊ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္အေရွ႕ပိုင္း၊ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းႏွင့္ ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္တို႔မွ ကယား၊ ကယန္း ရွမ္း၊ ပအို၀္း၊ လားဟူ၊ တအာင္း(ပေလာင္)၊ ကခ်င္ဘိန္းစိုက္ ေတာင္သူမ်ားႏွင့္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ားက ၎တို႔ ေန႔တဓူ၀ရင္ဆိုင္ေတြ႔ႀကံဳေနရသည့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ား ကို ေဆြးေႏြးတိုင္ပင္ရန္၊ အေတြ႔အႀကံဳမ်ားကို ႏွီးေႏွာဖလွယ္ရန္ႏွင့္ မိမိတို႔ ႀကံဳေတြ႔ရလ်က္ရွိသည့္ ျပႆနာရပ္မ်ားကို ေျဖရွင္းႏိုင္မည့္ နည္းလမ္းမ်ားကို ရွာေဖြေဖာ္ထုတ္ရန္ အတြက္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရွိ ကယားျပည္နယ္၏ ၿမိဳ႕ေတာ္လြိဳင္ေကာ္၌ အတူတကြ ေတြ႔ဆံုစည္းေ၀းခဲ့ၾကပါသည္။

  5. Statement of the 4th Myanmar Opium Farmers’ Forum

    10 May 2016

    Opium farmers and representatives of their communities came together to discuss the challenges they face in their lives, and to share experiences and find ways to solve their problems. This is their statement. 

  6. 7th GIZ/TNI Asian Informal Drug Policy Dialogue

    21 April 2016

    The 7th GIZ/TNI Asian Informal Drug Policy Dialogue was organised in collaboration with the National Authority for Combating Drugs (NACD) of the Cambodian Government. Key issues on the agenda were recent trends in the drug market in the region and the development of effective policy responses. Specific attention went to the implementation of the UN Guiding Principles on Alternative Development in the Asian context, including in the implementation of alternative development programmes in conflict areas. The involvement of affected communities in policy making and project implementation was another important theme that was discussed. A major aim of the dialogue was to look at the state of the Asian drug policy before UNGASS 2016.

  7. Land Confiscations and Collective Action in Myanmar’s Dawei Special Economic Zone Area: Implications for Rural Democratization

    • Yukari Sekine
    04 February 2016

    The recent political and economic liberalization in Burma/Myanmar, while indicative of some positive steps toward democratisation, has increased foreign and domestic investments and geared the economy toward industrialisation and large-scale agriculture. Land governance procedures and implementation tend to favour the more powerful and well-connected, with little protection mechanism for the majority smallholding farmers in the country.

  8. The Meaning of Land in Myanmar

    • Jennifer Franco, Hannah Twomey, Khu Khu Ju, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    28 January 2016

    “Land is like our vein; it is vital for our living. After our land was confiscated, we don’t know what to do for our livelihood,” says a farmer from Kachin State in Myanmar. Today many inhabitants of rural communities in Myanmar live under threat of losing their lands in a battle for resources spurred by ethnic conflict, exploitative land laws, and powerful economic actors. The existence of a legal right to the land does not translate into that right being respected in practice, and people across the country are now working to protect their right to the land.

  9. ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ၏ ၂ဝ၁၅ အေထြေထြေရြးေကာက္ပြဲ တုိင္းရင္းသားႏုိင္ငံေရးအတြက္ လက္ရွိအေျခအေနက ဘယ္လုိလဲ။

    21 December 2015
    Policy briefing

    ေရြးေကာက္ ပြဲမ်ားမွာ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာၿပီးဆုံးခဲ့ေသာ္ျငားလည္း ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ႏွင့္ ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္၏ အစိတ္အပုိင္းမ်ားတြင္ ႀကီးမားသည့္ ပဋိပကၡမ်ားဆက္လက္ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့သည္။ အစိုးရအသစ္အေပၚ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းထားခ်က္မ်ား မွာ အဆမတန္ ျမင့္မားလြန္းလွပါျပီး ႏုိင္ငံအေနျဖင့္ ရင္ဆုိင္ေနရသည့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ား အားလုံးကုိ ကုိင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္းရန္မွာလည္း လြန္စြာခက္ခဲလွပါသည္။

  10. Assessment of 6th draft of the National Land Use Policy (NLUP)

    16 September 2015

    This assessment is in response to the 6th draft of the NLUP, released in May 2015, following months of public and expert consultations. It outlines some of the key positive and negative points of the new draft.

  11. Ethnic Politics and the 2015 Elections in Myanmar

    08 September 2015
    Policy briefing

    Myanmar is heading to the polls in November 2015, with an expected shift in power from the old elite to the opposition National League for Democracy (NLD). However it remains unclear whether the new political space created by the transition away from military rule will bring significant legislative power to ethnic nationality-based parties.

  12. Military Confrontation or Political Dialogue

    17 July 2015
    Policy briefing

    At a time of critical political transition in Myanmar, failure to address the root causes of armed conflict and to create an inclusive political process to solve nationality grievances is only likely to have a very detrimental impact on the prospects for peace, democracy and development

  13. 军事对峙还是政治对话

    17 July 2015
    Policy briefing


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    CP maize contract farming in Shan State, Myanmar: A regional case of a place-based corporate agro-feed system

    • Kevin Woods
    18 May 2015

    The Bangkok-based Sino-Thai company Choern Pakard Group (CP Group), Asia's largest and most prominent agro-food/feed corporation, has led an industrial maize contract farming scheme with (ex-)poppy upland smallholders in Shan State, northern Myanmar to supply China’s chicken-feed market. Thailand, as a Middle-Income Country (MIC) and regional powerhouse, has long-tapped China’s phenomenal economic growth and undersupplied consumer demand.

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    Tapping into the Rubber Market

    • Juliet Lu
    18 May 2015

    Development cooperation is an increasingly prominent focus in Chinese foreign diplomacy, and a central justification for Chinese firms’ engagement in large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) across the global South.

  16. The Current State of Counternarcotics Policy and Drug Reform Debates in Myanmar

    • Tom Kramer
    01 May 2015

    Are Myanmar's current drug policies effective? How do they impact important issues such as human rights, sustainable development, ethnic conflict, and the peace process?

  17. Improving global drug policy: Comparative perspectives and UNGASS 2016

    • Vanda Felbab-Brown, Harold Trinkunas (eds)
    28 April 2015

    As the world prepares for the 2016 Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on the World Drug Problem (UNGASS 2016), an increasing number of countries around the world now find the regime’s emphasis on punitive approaches to illicit drugs to be problematic and are asking for reform. In this moment of global disagreement, the Brookings project on Improving Global Drug Policy provides a unique comparative evaluation of the effectiveness and costs of international counternarcotics policies and best approaches to reform.

  18. Political Reform and Ethnic Peace in Burma/Myanmar

    08 April 2015
    Policy briefing

    For many citizens a countdown begins to a crucial general election later this year, with warnings of a halt in reform momentum and a more troubling reality behind many of the socio-political changes in the country.