Al dertig jaar ijvert het in Amsterdam gevestigde Transnational Institute (TNI) voor een andere, meer rechtvaardige wereldorde. In de jaren zeventig trad Gretta Duisenberg hier toe tot de «radical chic» van het activisme. Tegenwoordig is het TNI het epicentrum van academisch verzet tegen de neoliberale globalistische wereldorde.
Alternative Development programmes, aimed at encouraging peasants to switch from growing illicit drugs-related crops, play an important role in UN drug control strategies. The record of success, however, is a questionable one. Decades of efforts to reduce global drug supply using a combination of developmental and repressive means, managed to shift production from one country to another, but have failed in terms of global impact.
This is the story of America's most famous street, Wall Street. Exploring its development through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Wachtel charts its dramatic transformation, offering a window on the past that helps us understand how it became the center of world finance that we see today.
It is a noble and worthy step to attempt to change the drug control treaties, but this is likely to take a long time and it may not be the essential starting place of reform. The amount of flexibility in the treaties is only partly a function of treaty language, for this language is always interpreted, and interpretations can vary depending upon how many states actively argue for more flexibility.
The "international community" presented an apparent unanimity in its endorsement of prohibitive drug control at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on drugs in 1998. The reality is that there is a longstanding conflict within the UN system between nations wanting to maintain the prohibition regime and those hoping for a more pragmatic approach.
A myriad of documents and records of meetings published by the UN, reveal a previously unwritten history of events leading to the 1998 UNGASS meeting. These show the extent to which the hardliners have gone to maintain the status quo through rhetoric, denial, manipulation, selective presentation, misrepresentation and suppression of evidence, selective use of experts, threats to funding, and purging "defeatists" from the UN system.