The sentences that offenders receive for drug law violations across the European Union are examined for the first time in this ‘Selected issue’. By analysing the most recent year’s statistics, this report attempts to answer the question: What is the most likely outcome for an offender after being stopped by police for a drug law offence of use or personal possession, or supply or trafficking?
There is a growing recognition around the world that the prohibition of drugs is a counterproductive failure. However, a major barrier to drug law reform has been a widespread fear of the unknown—just what could a post-prohibition regime look like?
The application of regulatory theory to the problem of illicit drugs has generally been thought about only in terms of ‘command and control’. The international treaties governing global illicit drug control and the use of law enforcement to dissuade and punish offenders have been primary strategies. In this paper the application of other aspects of regulatory theory to illicit drugs – primarily self-regulation and market regulation – are explored. There has been an overreliance on strategies from the top of the regulatory pyramid.
The regulation of khat, one of the most recent psychoactive drugs to become a globally traded commodity, remains hotly contested within different producer and consumer countries. As regimes vary, it has been possible to compare khat policies in Africa, Europe and North America from different disciplinary perspectives. The research established the significance of khat for rural producers, regional economies, as a tax base and source of foreign exchange. At the same time, khat as a psychoactive substance is associated with health and public safety problems that in turn are met with often ill-informed legislative responses. Bans have in turn lead to the criminalisation of users and sellers and illegal drug markets.
Reponsibility to Protect - a responsibility of all States to protect their own populations, but ultimately a responsibility of the whole human race, to protect our fellow human beings from extreme abuse wherever and whenever it occurs, might provide a tool – if used carefully and responsibly – that could reduce (if not eliminate) more human disasters.
The recently approved multi-billion-dollar U.S. economic and military aid packages for Pakistan suggest that the US policy of prioritising security policy over development remains unchanged. This could lead to Pakistanis becoming even more hostile towards the United States
The Israel discourse has changed, and Americans no longer wholeheartedly support militaristic policies in Israel. There is room for debate on these issues, and politicians should fear hiding from it more than they fear addressing the issues.
As the UN climate talks in Copenhagen get closer, it is clear that the discourse on climate solutions has been hijacked by corporate interests. Carbon trading is being promoted as the only solution to the climate crisis, pushing aside alternative approaches...and it's proving to be a farce.
India’s response to climate change has been paltry, half-hearted and directed at preserving existing elite lifestyles. Its credibility in international negotiations will only be restored if it takes urgent measures to reduce domestic energy use.
Kevin Smith worked with the environmental justice project at TNI since 2005, although he was more informally involved since it started out as Carbon Trade Watch in 2002. He has a degree in Human Sciences. He used to be the editor of the Green Pepper magazine and in 2003 he helped to establish Escanda, a residential project in Northern Spain that combines sustainable living with political...
As politicians meet for more climate talks in Barcelona, they continue to be fixated on measures like carbon trading that will only exacerbate the climate crisis. Fortunately the last year in the UK and worldwide has shown that direct action against carbon-intensive projects can deliver results.
The major causes of the economic and social crises are now being even more blatantly promoted by the EU - both within the multilateral WTO negotiations and bilateral and bi-regional FTA/EPA negotiations - as the fundamental solutions.
It would be better for India to walk out of the talks then “greenwash” a deal that lets
the North shirk its responsibility for climate change and pass on a good portion of its burden on to the South’s underprivileged people.
Since 2018 TNI has been granted the maximum rating of five stars by Transparify. The rating shows that TNI is “highly transparent” about its funding sources, shows all its donors, and clearly identifies funding amounts and sources of funding for particular projects.