For years, in Uruguay, various political factions have been promoting cannabis regulation in order to separate the market for soft drugs from the market for dangerous substances. This section presents important pronouncements, initiatives and proposals to reform the law, in chronological order.
In all the important international forums – the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs, CICAD, UNASUR, MERCOSUR, the EU-LAC Co-operation Mechanism – Uruguay has maintained an unwavering position, arguing for the need and the democratic right to launch a debate that should lead to the current war on drugs model being consigned to the past.
Chile, like nearly all the other countries in the region, suffers from prison overcrowding. The increase in the prison population in recent years is directly related to the number of arrests of people violating the anti-drug law as a consequence of tougher legislation that includes jail time for minor drug-related crimes.
In the context of recent regional and hemispheric developments, also in Chile the issue of legalizing marijuana has become prominent at the level of the media, academia and civil society organizations in general.
In recent years, Honduras has become the country with the highest levels of violence in the world. In 2012 the country had a murder rate of 92 per 100,000 people. Organised crime and its connection with drug trafficking may be one of the causes of this increase in violence. Drug trafficking gangs use the country as a transit point on the route to the United States. The violence is related to the conflicts between the gangs in their dispute over territory, extortion, money laundering, etc.