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93 items
  1. Transformation of an Entrenched Political System: The Need for International Responsibility in Myanmar

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    12 August 2019
    Article

    Political impasse continues in Myanmar. Peace talks and general elections have failed to achieve national breakthroughs. All parties — both domestic and international — need to reflect on this failure. Civil society networks and representative governance must be strengthened at the community level if peace and democracy are to be built.

  2. Chronology on the Statue Case in Loikaw, Kayah State

    28 June 2019
    Article

    In this commentary, the Union of Karenni State Youth and LAIN Technical Support Group provide a chronology of events, outlining how arrests and the government’s handling of events have compounded rather than resolved political frustrations and inter-community understandings.

  3. The Promise and The Statue

    28 June 2019
    Article

    The construction of an Aung San statue has caused deep controversy in Kayah State during the past year. Dee De is a member of the Karenni State Farmers Union and Union of Karenni State Youth. He was arrested on 21 June, Karenni National Day, for his involvement in protests. In his commentary, Dee De argues why the construction of the statue is premature and a sensitive issue for the Karenni and other ethnic nationality peoples at this time.

  4. China's Belt & Road Initiative: A Cautionary Tale for the Kachins

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    10 January 2019
    Article

    A Memorandum of Understanding to establish the China Myanmar Economic Corridor (CMEC) was signed by the governments of Myanmar and China in September 2018. The CMEC forms part of China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a 21st century reimagining of the ancient Silk Road, the network of land and sea trade routes that once linked Imperial China with markets in the west.

  5. မန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ေျမလြတ္၊ ေျမလပ္ႏွင့္ ေျမရိုင္းစီမံခန္႔ခြဲေရးဥပေဒ အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္မႈ၊ တစ္ႏိုင္ငံလံုးအပစ္အခတ္ရပ္စဲေရးႏွင့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးညွိႏိႈင္းေဆြးေႏြးမႈ အလားအလာ

    Jason Gelbort
    07 January 2019
    Article

    ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး တိုးတက္ျဖစ္ထြန္းမႈကို အေထာက္အကူျပဳရန္အတြက္ လူထုလူတန္းစားမ်ား၏ ေျမ ယာရပိုင္ခြင့္အခြင့္အေရးမ်ားကို မျဖစ္မေနအကာအကြယ္ေပးရမည္။

  6. Implementation of Burma’s Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Land Management Law: At Odds with the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement and Peace Negotiations

    Jason Gelbort
    10 December 2018
    Article

    Land rights of peoples must be protected to improve prospects for peace.

  7. National Reconciliation and the Advancement of Peace in Myanmar

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    27 November 2018
    Article

    The necessity of peace by political means, inclusive of all nationalities and faiths within the Union.

  8. ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ တိုးတက္မႈဆိတ္သုဥ္းလ်က္ရွိသည့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးလုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ႏွင့္ ဖြဲ႔စည္းပံု အေျခခံဥပေဒ တည္ေဆာက္ေရး

    Sai Wansai
    08 October 2018
    Article

    ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ျပည္တြင္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး ေစ့စပ္ညွိႏိႈင္းမႈ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္မ်ား အလုပ္မျဖစ္သျဖင့္ လက္ရွိအခ်ိန္၌ ေရွ႕မတိုးသာ ေနာက္မဆုတ္သာျဖင့္ တိုးတက္မႈဆိတ္သုဥ္းလ်က္ရွိသည္။

  9. From War to Peace in Kayah (Karenni) State

    • Tom Kramer, Oliver Russell, Martin Smith
    29 June 2018
    Report
    Kayah State, historically known as “Karenni State”, is an example of the reform dilemmas that the ethnic nationality peoples in Myanmar face today. Although the country’s smallest state, it reflects many of the challenges in peace-building and socio-political transition that need resolution in Myanmar at large: political impasse, a multiplicity of conflict actors, contested natural resources, land grabbing, humanitarian suffering, and divided communities seeking to rebuild after more than six decades of civil war.
     
  10. Panglong monument with Shwedagon replica in background

    ပင္လံုအလြန္ -
ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ျပည္တြင္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရး အက်ပ္အတည္း

    22 February 2018
    Policy briefing

    တိုင္းရင္းသားပဋိပကၡေရးရာႏွင္ ဒုကၡသည္ေရႊ ့ေျပာင္းမႈမ်ားသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဧ။္နယ္စပ္ေဒသတစ္လႊားတြင္ ေနရာယူဆဲျဖစ္ေသာေၾကာင့္ လက္ရွိအေနအထားတြင္ တိုင္းျပည္သည္ လမ္းဆတံု ြင္တည္ရွိေနသည္။ ဆယ္စုႏွစ္ေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ ၾကာျမင့္သည့္

    စစ္အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးကာလေနာက္ပိုင္း ၂၁ ရာစုပင္လံုညီလာခံကုိ ၁၉၄၇ ခုႏွစ္ ေႏွာင္းပိုင္း

    ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၌ တစ္ႏိုင္ငံလံုးအတိုင္းအတာၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရး လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားေဖာ္ေဆာင္ႏိုင္ ေစရန္ႀကိဳးပမ္းသည့္ စိတ္အားတက္ၾကြဖြယ္ရာအေကာင္းဆံုး တာထြက္ေျခလွမ္းတစ္ရပ္အေနျဖင့္ ႀကိဳဆိုဂုဏ္ျပဳ ခဲ့ၾကသည္။

    သို႔ေသာ္လည္း က်ဆံုးသြားမည္ကို စိုးရိမ္မကင္းျဖစ္သည့္ အေငြ႕အသက္မ်ားက ႏိုင္ငံ၏ အတိတ္ ကာလျဖစ္ရပ္ ဆိုးမ်ားကို ျပန္ေျပာင္းအမွတ္ရေစလ်က္ရွိသည္။

  11. Displaced civilians and migrant workers in Tanai conflict zone, Kachin State, 29 January

    Multiculturalism and Social Justice in the Modern Nation-State

    Lahpai Seng Raw
    05 February 2018
    Article

    An ethnocratic state produces a form of fascism in which the state supports the rights and welfare of the dominant ethnic group, but not others. By contrast, a tolerant multicultural state or plural society permits all people, regardless of ethnicity, to be recognised as equal members and thus achieves social justice. This comparison suggests that narrow nationalism is a chief source of the failure of Myanmar to become a modern and successful nation-state.

  12. ျမန္မာ့မ်က္ေမွာက္ေရးရာက႑

    29 January 2018

    TNI ၏ ျမန္မာ့မ်က္ေမွာက္ေရးရာစီမံကိန္းသည္ အားလံုးပါ၀င္၍ အဓြန္႔ရွည္တည္တံ့ခိုင္ၿမဲသည့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး ျဖစ္ ထြန္းလာေစရန္ လုပ္ကိုင္ေဆာင္ရြက္ရင္း တစ္ရွိန္ထိုးတံခါးပြင့္လာသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံတစ္ရပ္အေနျဖင့္ ရင္ဆိုင္ႀကံဳေတြ႔ လာရႏိုင္သည့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ားကို ကိုင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္းႏိုင္ေစရန္ အရပ္ဖက္လူမႈအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ား(တိုင္းရင္းသား)ႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားကို အားေပးအားေျမွာက္ျပဳလ်က္ရွိသည္။ TNI အေနျဖင့္ အဖြဲ႔အစည္းတစ္ရပ္လံုး၏ လယ္ယာ ဥယ်ာဥ္ျခံေျမ တရားမွ်တေရး၊ အျခားနည္းျဖင့္ ေျပာင္းလဲဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးႏွင့္ လူသားဆန္သည့္ မူး ယစ္ေဆး၀ါးမူ၀ါဒမ်ားကို အတူတကြေပါင္းစပ္ထားသည့္ အစီအစဥ္အားျဖင့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ တိုင္းရင္းသားနယ္ေျမ ေဒသမ်ားႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ အထူးတလည္ နားလည္ကၽြမ္းက်င္လာေစရန္ အစဥ္အဆက္ ႀကိဳးပမ္းတည္ေဆာက္ လာခဲ့သည္။

       
  13. Panglong monument with Shwedagon replica in background

    Beyond Panglong: Myanmar’s National Peace and Reform Dilemma

    19 September 2017
    Policy briefing

    How is the peace process in Myanmar going? What progress has been made toward reform? After decades under military rule, the 21st Century Panglong Conference has been welcomed as the most encouraging recent initiative to address humanitarian suffering and national instability. It prioritises ethnic peace and political reform at a moment of opportunity for national reconciliation. However, as ethnic conflict and refugee displacement continue worrying failings have started to appear, raising many warnings from the country’s troubled history.

  14. Displaced Karenni villagers

    Re-Asserting Control: Voluntary Return, Restitution and the Right to Land for IDPs and Refugees in Myanmar

    23 May 2017
    Policy briefing

    For people affected by displacement, land is much more than just an economic asset. Being able to return to one’s original place is a deeply felt aspiration about restoring the social relations that constitute a person’s identity. The long-standing displacement of people, land-grabbing and non-existence of rights to land in many parts of the country mean that land reform and land restitution must be a central issue in any peace settlement. What happens today with the land is inextricably tied to the country’s future prospects for peace and democracy.

  15. Jump-starting the stalled peace process

    Sai Wansai
    04 May 2017
    Article
  16. ေျမယာသည္ တိုင္းရင္းသားမ်ားအတြက္ အသက္ေသြးေၾကာျဖစ္သျဖင့္ မိမိတို႔၏ ဓေလ့ထံုးတမ္းလာ ေျမယာ မ်ားကို မိမိတို႔ကိုယ္တိုင္ စီမံပိုင္ခြင့္ရွိရမည္။

    Khun Oo, Khun Kaung
    06 April 2017
    Article

    ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအစိုးရ၏ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရး စတင္ခဲ့သည့္ ၂၀၁၁ ခုႏွစ္မွစ၍ ေျမသိမ္းယာသိမ္းျဖစ္ရပ္မ်ား မႀကံဳစ ဖူး ျမင့္တက္လာခဲ့သည္။ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား၌ အထူးသျဖင့္ ကုန္းျမင့္ ေတာင္တန္းေဒသမ်ားရွိ ေျမအသံုးျပဳခြင့္ အခြင့္အေရးႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္သည့္ ဥပေဒအခင္းအက်င္းကို ေျပာင္းလဲသြားေစသည့္ ေျမယာႏွင့္ ရင္းႏွီးျမွဳပ္ႏွံမႈဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒသစ္မ်ားစြာ ပါ၀င္လ်က္ရွိၿပီး ေျမယာက႑၌ ျပည္တြင္းျပည္ပရင္းႏွီးျမွဳပ္ႏွံမႈကို အား ေပးအားေျမွာက္ျပဳရန္အတြက္ တရား၀င္ေျမယာေစ်းကြက္မ်ားကိုပါ ဖန္တီးခဲ့ၾကသည္။ ဤအေျပာင္းအလဲမ်ား သည္ စိုက္ပ်ိဳးေျမမ်ားအေပၚ မွီခိုအားထား၍ အသက္ေမြး၀မ္းေက်ာင္းလုပ္ငန္းမ်ားအတြက္ သစ္ေတာမ်ားကို အမွီသဟဲျပဳေနၾကသည့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရွိ လူထုလူတန္းစားအမ်ားစု၏ စားနပ္ရိကၡာႏွင့္ ေျမယာလုပ္ပိုင္ခြင့္ကို အာမ ခံခ်က္ ကင္းမဲ့သြားေစသျဖင့္ စိုးရိမ္ပူပန္မႈမ်ား အထူးတလည္ျမင့္တက္လာေစသည္။

  17. Heal: Do Not Wound

    21 February 2017
    Article

    "Let us continue the pilgrimage to peace – not return to war.” His Eminence Cardinal Charles Bo makes a plea for peace and an end of conflict in Myanmar.

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