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101 items
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    Conflict or Peace? Ethnic Unrest Intensifies in Burma

    23 June 2011
    Policy briefing

    The breakdown in the ceasefire of the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) with the central government represents a major failure in national politics and threatens to escalate to serious humanitarian crisis if not immediately addressed.

  2. Developing Disparity

    • Kevin Woods, Tom Kramer, Jennifer Franco, Joseph Purugganan
    19 February 2013
    Report

    Unless foreign direct investment in Burma's war-torn borderlands is refocused towards people-centered development, it is likely to deepen disparity between the region’s most neglected peoples and Burma's new military, business and political elite and exacerbate a decades-long civil war. 

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    Burma at the Crossroads

    05 June 2012
    Policy briefing

    The people of Burma are at a critical juncture in their struggle for democracy and ethnic reform. Decisions taken by leading parties and protagonists in the months ahead could well define the direction of national politics for many years to come.

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    A Changing Ethnic Landscape: Analysis of Burma's 2010 Polls

    14 December 2010
    Policy briefing

    "Burma is at a critical juncture in its history. The transition to a form of civilian government and constitutional rule is underway, however imperfect it may be."

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    Unlevel Playing Field: Burma’s Election Landscape

    30 September 2010
    Policy briefing

    "Opposition parties participating in the process view boycotting the elections as a strategic mistake. The only way forward for them is to play a better game of chess, making the best strategic use of the limited space available."

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    Burma in 2010: A Critical Year in Ethnic Politics

    08 June 2010
    Policy briefing

    Resolution of Burma's longstanding ethnic crises is integral to the achievement of real peace, democracy and constitutional government

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    Ending Burma’s Conflict Cycle?

    21 February 2012
    Policy briefing

    Peace does not just involve the government and ethnic armed opposition groups, but involves all of Burma's citizens.

  8. From Aspirations to Solutions

    • Burma Centrum Netherlands
    18 December 2013
    Report

    Hopes remain that, through political negotiation, democratic reforms will be achieved which lead to just and inclusive solutions. But as the countdown to the 2015 general election begins, concerns are growing that essential reforms will not be delivered.

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    Burma's Cease-fires at Risk

    • Tom Kramer
    15 September 2009

    In August the Burma army occupied the Kokang region after several days of fighting, ending two decades of cease-fire with the ethnic minority group. The resumption of fighting in northern Burma raises speculation about the other cease-fires. Tensions are rising and the cease-fire groups have put their armed forces on high alert.

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    Assessing Burma/Myanmar’s New Government

    19 April 2012
    Policy briefing

    Burma is in the midst of its most important period of political transition in over two decades. TNI and BCN hosted a conference to look at the challenges and opportunities in five key areas: politics, ethnic relations, the economy, social and humanitarian affairs, and the international landscape.

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    Ethnic Peace and Political Participation

    23 August 2012
    Report

    Ceasefires have been agreed; the NLD has elected representatives in the national legislatures; Western sanctions are being lifted; and the World Bank and other international agencies are returning to set up office in the country. Such developments are likely to have a defining impact on ethnic politics, which remains one of the central challenges facing the country today.

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    Burma’s 2010 Elections: Challenges and Opportunities

    08 June 2010
    Policy briefing

    The election process in Burma represents the most significant political transformation for a generation

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    Ethnic Politics in Burma: The Time for Solutions

    14 February 2011
    Policy briefing

    Following the shake-up of Burmese politics last year, the country's military leaders now face the challenge of introducing a new system while ethnic tensions and exclusions remain.

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    The United Wa State Party

    • Tom Kramer
    10 October 2007
    Report

    This monograph argues that although the United Wa State Party (UWSP) has been branded by the international community as a "narco-trafficking army;' the organization has an ethnic nationalist agenda whose aim is to build a Wa state within Burma.

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    Burma's New Government: Prospects for Governance and Peace in Ethnic States

    26 May 2011
    Policy briefing

    What are the prospects for Burma's quasi-civilian government effectively addressing the country's ethnic minority grievances and resolving the multiple, decades-long conflicts?

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    Civil Society Gaining Ground

    • Tom Kramer
    15 November 2011
    Report

    Local organisations have adopted different strategies towards the authoritarian government in Burma. Focussing on the dynamics of civil society Tom Kramer looks into the possibilities and risks of growing international interest in engagement with these groups.

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    Burma: Neither War Nor Peace

    05 July 2009
    Report

    Whilst a twenty year ceasefire still holds, there is unlikely to be peace and democracy in Burma without a political settlement that addresses ethnic minority needs and goals.

  18. About Myanmar in Focus

    20 May 2010

    TNI's Myanmar in Focus project strengthens (ethnic) civil society and political actors to deal with the challenges brought about by the rapid opening-up of the country, while also working to bring about an inclusive and sustainable peace. TNI has developed a unique expertise on Myanmar’s ethnic regions, and through its programme is bringing the whole Institute’s work on agrarian justice, alternative development and a humane drugs policy together.

       
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    Burma’s ethnic militias play waiting game

    24 September 2009
    In the media

    The maps say the town of Mong La is located in Burma but to the casual observer it could be China.

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    Burma's Junta Intensifies Bid For Unification

    25 September 2009
    In the media
    The maps say that the town of Mong La is located in Burma, but to the casual observer, it could be China.

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