Search results

30 items
  1. Why is Rio de Janeiro so dangerous?

    18 February 2015
    Other news

    While Brazil has the dubious honor of having the highest homicide rate in the world – with 56,337 killings reported in 2013 – Rio has the most number of murders committed by police than any other Brazilian state. The mayor points to the widely held belief in the city that successful drug traffickers need to control a territory. "There is cocaine and marijuana in every western capital. But that crazy idea of thinking that traffickers need to dominate an area is one of our peculiarities [...]."

  2. Fixing a broken system

    • Juan Carlos Garzón Vergara
    30 December 2014
    Report

    Despite efforts by governments in Latin America, illicit drugs continue to provide one of the largest incomes for criminal organizations, enabling them to penetrate and corrupt political and social institutions.

  3. Consertando um sistema falido

    • Juan Carlos Garzón Vergara
    28 December 2014
    Policy briefing

    Apesar dos esforços dos governos latino-americanos, as drogas ilícitas continuam a representar uma das maiores fontes de receita para as organizações criminosas, lhes permitindo penetrar instituições políticas e sociais corruptas. As organizações criminosas exploram as vulnerabilidades do Estado e tiram proveito da incapacidade dos governos de garantir a segurança de seus cidadãos. Com poucas exceções, a fraca capacidade dos governos latino-americanos se reflete em altos índices de homicídios, níveis notórios de impunidade, e o sentimento de desconfiança que os cidadãos alimentam sobre as instituições judiciárias e policiais.

  4. descriminaliza-stf

    Ministro do STF defende debate público sobre descriminalização da maconha

    18 December 2013
    Other news

    O ministro do STF (Supremo Tribunal Federal) Luís Roberto Barroso, disse que um debate sobre a descriminalização da maconha se faz necessário para reduzir o poder do tráfico e evitar que jovens com bons antecedentes sejam presos e saiam dos presídios "pós-graduados em criminalidade". De acordo com o ministro, "boa parte das pessoas" que cumpre pena por tráfico foi apanhada com pequenas quantidades de maconha. (Leia também: Comissão aprova mudanças no Código Penal sem tocar questão da descriminalização das drogas)

  5. Do Falling Murders in Rio Mean Success for Brazil's UPPs?

    18 December 2013
    Other news

    Homicides have fallen 65 percent in the Rio de Janeiro favelas where Police Pacification Units have been installed during four years of the flagship scheme -- an impressive figure, but one that could just indicate a displacement of violence to other regions. A study by Rio's Public Security Institute (ISP) looked at 22 Rio neighborhoods where Police Pacification Units (UPPs) have been in operation for more than a year.

  6. Why do Brazilian police kill?

    20 November 2013
    Other news

    An average of five people were killed by police every day in Brazil last year, according to an annual security report, revealing an entrenched culture of violence within the country's security forces. Brazil's Forum of Public Security joined forces with US non-governmental organization (NGO) Open Society Foundations to conduct an in-depth study of police killings as part of its annual report, concluding that the country's security forces are beset by a "culture of violence."

  7. Whither Rio de Janeiro’s Police Pacification Units?

    18 November 2013
    Other news

    Rio de Janeiro’s Pacification Police Units (UPP) are celebrating their fifth year in 2013. They do so with generally positive approval ratings from the media and society as a whole. A recent study by Instituto Data Favela indicates that 75% of favelas inhabitants approve of the UPPs. Notwithstanding major crises and criticism, the UPP constitute the single most important public security initiative in the state. And yet the persistent informality of the UPP may eventually undermine its sustainability. (See also: Rio slum pacification police accused of torture, murder)

  8. Rio police charged over torture and death of missing favela man

    02 October 2013
    Other news

    Ten police in Rio de Janeiro have been charged with the torture and killing of a resident of the city's biggest favela in a case that has highlighted anger about extrajudicial killings. For more than two months, Amarildo de Souza was simply classified as "missing", but the suspicious circumstances of his disappearance and the notorious record of Rio's police sparked demonstrations that forced the authorities to respond.

  9. Could drug decriminalization save Brazil’s slums?

    24 October 2012
    Other news

    Brazil has been struggling with drug violence for years. The problem got so bad that the country passed a law in 2006 to distinguish between dealers and users in handing out sentences, meant to reduce the overwhelming pressure on the justice and jail systems and to better single out dealers. But since then, the number of Brazilians in prison for drug charges has more than doubled and its total prison population has grown by 37 percent.

  10. Q&A: “Pacification of favelas not a real public policy yet”

    17 September 2012
    Other news

    The "pacification" of the favelas in this Brazilian city, aimed at driving out armed groups and fighting drug trafficking, has not yet become a fully effective public policy, says Eliana Sousa Silva, who has lived in one of Rio’s shantytowns for nearly 30 years. The pacification process begins when elite military police battalions are sent in to crack down on drug trafficking gangs. Once the drug mafias have been run out of the favela, permanent "Police Pacification Units" (UPPs) are installed to carry out community policing.

  11. Thumbnail

    Un proceso en ciernes

    • Amira Armenta, Pien Metaal, Martin Jelsma
    25 June 2012

    dlr21sEl debate político sobre las drogas en Amé­rica Latina está dando pasos notorios. Los cambios legislativos que están introdu­ciendo varios de los países de la región revelan tam­bién una tendencia innegable a alejarse de la “guerra contra las drogas”. Este informe ex­plica los antecedentes de la apertura del de­bate sobre las políticas de drogas en la región, resume los aspectos más relevantes de las reformas a las leyes de drogas que actual­mente cursan en algunos países y propone una serie de recomenda­ciones de políticas que podrían ayudar a avanzar el debate de manera productiva.

    application-pdfDescargar el informe (PDF)

  12. A breakthrough in the making?

    • Amira Armenta, Pien Metaal, Martin Jelsma
    25 June 2012

    Remarkable drug policy developments are taking place in Latin America. This is not only at the level of political debate, but is also reflected in actual legislative changes in a number of countries. All in all there is an undeniable regional trend of moving away from the ‘war on drugs’. This briefing ex­plains the background to the opening of the drug policy debate in the region, summa­rises the most relevant aspects of the on­going drug law reforms in some countries, and makes a series of recommendations that could help to move the debate forward in a productive manner.

     

  13. Thumbnail

    La policía nacional ocupa una favela de Río para combatir el consumo de crack

    17 May 2012
    Other news

    Unos 150 miembros de la Fuerza Nacional de Seguridad, grupo de elite de la policía brasileña, ocuparon una favela en Río de Janeiro en una operación para combatir el consumo de crack. Se trata de la primera vez que la Fuerza Nacional de Seguridad es utilizada en una ciudad para combatir el consumo de este derivado de bajo costo de la cocaína con efectos aún más nocivos para la salud que otras drogas. Igualmente es la primera vez que una barriada pobre de Río de Janeiro es ocupada por fuerzas policiales en una operación de combate directo al consumo de crack.

  14. Thumbnail

    La ocupación de Rocinha

    Eric Nepomuceno
    17 November 2011
    Other news

    rocinha-pacificationEs innegable que el tráfico viene sufriendo fuerte impacto con la ocupación de los cerros y la posterior implantación de las UPP, las Unidades de Policía Pacificadora. Sin verdaderas reformas estructurales las medidas serán inevitablemente limitadas. Además, existe otro fenómeno de violenta criminalidad que apenas es mencionado por las autoridades de Río: las milicias, es decir, los grupos paramilitares integrados por policías y por bomberos que controlan la mitad de las favelas locales. Por más que sea cierto que muchos “milicianos” están presos, no se ha visto ninguna acción concreta sobre los territorios que controlan y someten con una ferocidad por lo menos similar a la de los narcotraficantes.

  15. ‘Pacification’ of favelas not just a media circus

    16 November 2011
    Other news

    The "take-over" of Rocinha, one of Rio de Janeiro’s largest favelas, by heavily armed police and military units was seen by some as a media spectacle and by others as part of a successful strategy of regaining state control over an area ruled by armed drug gangs. Less than three hours after 3,000 police and soldiers occupied the favela or in the south of the city, Rio de Janeiro state Secretary of Public Security José Mariano Beltrame announced the "recovery of the territory" by the state.

  16. Thumbnail

    El paraíso está lejos

    Eric Nepomuceno
    14 November 2011
    Other news

    Para terminar con el control de vastas áreas de Rio de Janeiro dominadas por pandillas de narcotraficantes, nada mejor que realizar una ocupación militar que expulse a los criminales, restablezca el orden y la ley, y luego facilite programas sociales bien estructurados, que van de la apertura de campos de deporte a puestos de salud y guarderías, además de otros instrumentos de rescate de la ciudadanía. En cada cerro ocupado se instala una Unidad de Policía Pacificadora, que convivirá con los habitantes dentro de las reglas mínimas de respeto mutuo, sin violencia, sin atentar contra la dignidad de las gentes y respetando los derechos básicos de cada uno.

  17. Slum raids in Rio de Janeiro impress

    14 November 2011
    Other news

    The police blitzes in this Olympic city’s biggest slums are meant to show the world that Rio is winning the fight against violent drug gangs that have ruled the shantytowns for decades. With this weekend’s occupation of the Rocinha slum, home to 100,000 people, authorities secured key areas near athletic events planned for the 2016 Games.  Since the security program began three years ago, 19 permanent “police pacification units,” or UPPs, have been created. The problem is of such scale that even the main architect of the program acknowledges that policing alone will not halt the drug trade. Instead, the goal of the invasions is to win back strategic territory and take guns away from the gangs.

     
  18. Thumbnail

    Dossiê Crime, Segurança e Intituições Estatais: Problemas e Perspectivas

    01 October 2011

    rspAo organizarmos o dossiê "Crime, segurança e instituições estatais: problemas e perspectivas", buscamos - tanto no momento da convocatória pública quanto em relação aos autores convidados - produzir uma discussão que apresentasse reflexões originais e críticas sobre o tema, mesmo sem perder de vista sua urgência política. Já no título do dossiê fica evidente que, ao menos a partir de nossa perspectiva, a questão criminal deve ser pensada conjuntamente com o papel desempenhado pelas instituições estatais e os complexos e polissêmicos significados da noção de "segurança".

  19. From war on drugs to community policing in Rio

    01 June 2011
    Other news

    Four decades after Washington declared its "war on drugs" and began to spread the doctrine south of the U.S. border, the government of the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro decided to shift away from that approach towards a strategy focused on community policing. The new focus has already produced results in some of the city’s favelas or shanty towns, which were long off-limits to outsiders, including police. The process began in 2009 with the installation of "Police Pacification Units" (UPPs) in the favelas.

  20. Thumbnail

    Taller de expertos en reducción de daños en relación con la oferta

    20 May 2011 - Event

    La Oficina en Washington para Asuntos Latinoamericanos (WOLA) y el Transnational Institute (TNI) invitó a un grupo de 20 expertos a participar en una mesa redonda en la oficina de WOLA en Washington. El tema principal de la mesa fue: ¿Puede el concepto de "reducción del daño" aplicarse a los problemas relacionados con la oferta con el fin de abordar mejor los daños asociados con la producción de drogas ilícitas y su distribución, así como para reducir al mínimo los daños que se derivan de la fiscalización de drogas propiamente dicha?

Pages