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    Justicia transicional para la reforma del régimen de prohibición de drogas

    23 November 2014
    Other news

    La instrumentación del régimen global de prohibición ha tenido una historia centenaria de violaciones a los derechos humanos y extorsión a la soberanía de México desde principios del siglo XX. Ante el costo humano de la Guerra contra las Drogas, diversos grupos ciudadanos han pugnado separadamente por 1) la reforma de las políticas contra las drogas mediante su regulación y la instrumentación de políticas de reducción de daño y 2) garantizar el acceso a la justicia y la reconciliación de las comunidades y personas que han sido víctimas de la violencia relacionado con la Guerra, mediante redes sociales, actos públicos y litigios estratégicos.

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    Legalizar la marihuana medicinal no conlleva más delitos en EE UU

    30 March 2014
    Other news

    medical-marijuana3Una de las razones fundamentales por la que muchos Estados de Estados Unidos no han legalizado todavía la marihuana para su uso medicinal es por el temor a que hacerlo suponga un aumento de los delitos criminales. Pero un último estudio realizado por la universidad de Texas contradice esta creencia y ha concluido que legalizar la sustancia “no aumenta el número de crímenes e, incluso, reduce los homicidios”. La investigación, publicada en PLOS ONE, abre de nuevo el debate. La marihuana para usos medicinales fue aprobada por primera vez en EE UU en 1996.

  3. In Latin America, U.S. focus shifts from drug war to economy

    04 May 2013
    Other news

    Relationships with countries racked by drug violence and organized crime should focus more on economic development and less on the endless battles against drug traffickers and organized crime capos that have left few clear victors. The countries, Mexico in particular, need to set their own course on security, with the United States playing more of a backing role. That approach runs the risk of being seen as kowtowing to governments more concerned about their public image than the underlying problems tarnishing it.

  4. obama-pena-nieto

    Legalize marijuana and other ways U.S.-Mexico can win drug war

    Tim Padgett
    03 May 2013
    Other news

    There was a lot of drug-war hand-wringing in the U.S. leading up to President Obama’s visit to Mexico. That’s because Mexican President Peña Nieto is in change-the-conversation mode: he wants Washington to focus less on his country’s awful drug violence – some 60,000 narco-related murders in the past seven years, with little sign of abating – and more on its robust economic potential. The fear in some Washington circles is that Peña Nieto's Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which in its dictatorial 20th-century heyday was every drug lord’s cuate, or best buddy, is putting the fight against Mexico’s vicious cartels on the back burner.

  5. idpc-latin-america

    The drug policy reform agenda in the Americas

    • Coletta Youngers
    30 April 2013

    Latin America has emerged at the vanguard of efforts to promote debate on drug policy reform. For decades, Latin American governments largely followed the drug control policies and programs of Washington’s so-called war on drugs. Yet two parallel trends have resulted in a dramatic change in course: the emergence of left-wing governments that have challenged Washington’s historic patterns of unilateralism and interventionism and growing frustration with the failure of the prohibitionist drug control model put forward by the US government.

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    ¿Ha perdido Estados Unidos la guerra contra las drogas?

    Gary S. Becker, Kevin M. Murphy
    06 January 2013
    Other news

    El entonces presidente de Estados Unidos Richard Nixon declaró en 1971 "la guerra contra las drogas". La expectativa era que el narcotráfico en el país podría reducirse drásticamente en poco tiempo mediante operaciones policiales. Sin embargo, la lucha continúa. El costo ha sido grande en términos de vidas, dinero y el bienestar de muchos estadounidenses, especialmente los pobres y los de menor nivel educativo. Según la mayoría de los recuentos, los beneficios de la guerra han sido modestos en el mejor de los casos.

  7. Turning over a new leaf

    30 November 2012
    Other news

    Faced with this soiled wedge between state legislation and federal law within the United States, Mexico's President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto and his advisors have already concluded there will have to be a significant change in their anti-narcotics policy. Weeding out the marijuana issue was prudently left to behind closed door discussions.

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    El nexo entre drogas y violencia en el Triángulo del Norte

    Liza ten Velde
    28 November 2012
    In the media

    debate19sMéxico ha sido el centro de atención en lo que respecta a la violencia relacionada con drogas en América Latina. Si bien este ‘enfoque mexicano’ aún prevalece, es en el Triángulo del Norte de Centroamérica – Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador – donde actualmente se ven tasas mucho más altas de violencia y un incremento en la actividad de las organizaciones dedicadas al tráfico de drogas, una clara ilustración del ‘efecto globo’ que México experimentase después de la implementación del Plan Colombia. En su conjunto, los países del Triángulo del Norte son ahora una de las regiones más violentas del planeta.

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  9. "Impossible" to end drug trade, says Calderón

    23 November 2012
    Other news

    Ending the consumption and the trafficking of illegal drugs is “impossible”, according to Felipe Calderón, Mexico’s outgoing president. In an interview with The Economist Mr Calderón, whose battle with organised crime has come to define his six years in office, said that countries whose citizens consume drugs should find "market mechanisms" to prevent their money from getting into the hands of criminals in Latin America.

  10. Legalising marijuana: The view from Mexico

    02 November 2012
    Other news

    Voters in Colorado, Oregon and Washington will vote on whether to legalise marijuana. Polls suggest that the initiatives have a decent chance of passing in Washington and Colorado (Oregon is a longer shot).The impact on Mexico could be profound. Between 40% and 70% of American pot is reckoned to be grown in Mexico. According to a recent study by the Mexican Institute for Competitiveness (IMCO), a think-tank in Mexico City, the American marijuana business brings in about $2 billion a year to Mexico’s drug traffickers.

  11. Mexico study: US legalization cuts cartel profits

    30 October 2012
    Other news

    A study released by a respected Mexican think tank asserts that proposals to legalize the recreational use of marijuana in Colorado, Oregon and Washington could cut Mexican drug cartels' earnings from traffic to the U.S. by as much as 30 percent. Opponents questioned some of the study's assumptions, saying the proposals could also offer new opportunities for cartels to operate inside the U.S. and replace any profit lost to a drop in international smuggling.

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    Legalizar mariguana en EU golpearía al narco en México: IMCO

    30 October 2012
    Other news

    si-los-vecinos-legalizan-smallLa legalización de la mariguana en algunas entidades de Estados Unidos pegaría de forma significativa en los ingresos del narcotráfico en México, lo que implicaría el mayor golpe financiero en décadas, proyectó el Instituto Mexicano para la Competitividad (IMCO). El director de Seguridad del organismo, Alejandro Hope, estimó en conferencia de prensa que habría potencialmente una caída de 20 a 30 por ciento de los ingresos del narcotráfico, aunque el cártel de Sinaloa, que sería el más afectado, perdería hasta 50 por ciento.

  13. Op-ed: Approve I-502, legalize marijuana and cripple organized crime in B.C.

    Evan Wood, David Bratzer
    29 October 2012
    Other news

    Passing Initiative 502 is one of the best ways to reduce international gang violence? Like the violent cartels gripping Mexico, British Columbia is affected by the organized-crime groups which control its huge marijuana industry. These gangs produce and export BC Bud to American consumers, including the 6.8 million residents of Washington state.

  14. AP Interview: Guatemala prez says legalize drugs

    Associated Press
    24 September 2012
    Other news

    Guatemalan President Otto Perez Molina is advocating the international legalization of drugs even as he is moving to fight narcotics cartels with the biggest military buildup in the Central American country since its long and bloody civil war. The president said the traditional war on drugs had failed over the past half century, and that the United States' inability to deal with its drug consumption problem left Central America with no option but to promote legalizing drugs in some way.

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    La caravana de Sicilia pide a Obama el fin de la guerra contra la droga

    04 September 2012
    Other news

    javier-sicilia-caravanaEl poeta Javier Sicilia y su caravana por la paz recalaron en Chicago, donde, como llevan haciendo desde que el 12 de agosto comenzara su periplo por Estados Unidos, el autor mexicano llamó la atención sobre la inutilidad de la estrategia contra el narcotráfico que el Gobierno estadounidense, en colaboración con el mexicano, ha llevado a cabo en las últimas décadas. En la ciudad donde Obama arrancó su carrera política, Sicilia instó al presidente a poner fin a la guerra contra las drogas y a que “las someta a las leyes férreas del mercado y de los controles del Estado”.

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    Un proceso en ciernes

    • Amira Armenta, Pien Metaal, Martin Jelsma
    25 June 2012

    dlr21sEl debate político sobre las drogas en Amé­rica Latina está dando pasos notorios. Los cambios legislativos que están introdu­ciendo varios de los países de la región revelan tam­bién una tendencia innegable a alejarse de la “guerra contra las drogas”. Este informe ex­plica los antecedentes de la apertura del de­bate sobre las políticas de drogas en la región, resume los aspectos más relevantes de las reformas a las leyes de drogas que actual­mente cursan en algunos países y propone una serie de recomenda­ciones de políticas que podrían ayudar a avanzar el debate de manera productiva.

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  17. Drugs: The Rebellion in Cartagena

    Alma Guillermoprieto
    23 May 2012
    Other news

    The startling, unprogrammed, and rebellious discussion about drugs that took place among hemispheric leaders in April at a summit in Cartagena, Colombia, barely mentioned addiction, because it’s too late for that. The discussion that for the first time in forty years challenged the United States’ dominance on drug issues focused urgently instead on the ways that the financial health, political stability, and national security of virtually every country in the Americas has been undermined by the drug trade.

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    EU: ante drogas, urge otra opción

    10 May 2012
    Other news

    kerlikowkse-cicadDurante la inauguración de la Comisión Interamericana para el Control del Abuso de Drogas (Cicad), el "zar" antidrogas de Estados Unidos, Gil Kerlikowske, planteó la necesidad de explorar una tercera vía en la lucha antidrogas, ya que no hay una panacea para resolver el problema. Ante el aumento de las voces que se manifiestan en favor de despenalizar el consumo de enervantes, por la poca efectividad de la lucha desde el frente policial y militar, consideró necesario un "terreno común" entre estas dos opciones por medio del diálogo.

  19. War on drugs: There has to be a better way

    24 April 2012
    Other news

    The most important story of the Summit of the Americas was the Latin American demand to open the debate on an alternative to the ‘war on drugs’. The emergence of an increasingly independent and assertive Latin America insisting on a change of direction on drugs reflects an important shift in the terms of the relationship with the United States. Clamor for “democratization” of the debate and a search for new alternatives stems from the perception that Latin American societies pay a disproportionate price in lost lives, hijacked justice systems, abuses in overcrowded prisons, and displaced small farmers, because of the U.S.-led strategy that has prioritized stemming the supply of drugs over reducing its own demand.

  20. Latin American countries pursue alternatives to U.S. drug war

    09 April 2012
    Other news

    When President Obama arrives in Colombia for a hemispheric summit this weekend, he will hear Latin American leaders say that the U.S.-orchestrated war on drugs, which criminalizes drug use and employs military tactics to fight gangs, is failing and that broad changes need to be considered. Latin American leaders say they have not developed an alternative model to the approach favored by successive American administrations. But the Colombian government says a range of options — including decriminalizing possession of drugs, legalizing marijuana use and regulating markets — will be debated at the Summit of the Americas in Cartagena.

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