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  1. The development of international drug control

    • Martin Jelsma
    15 February 2011
    Policy briefing

    The emergence of more pragmatic and less punitive approaches to the drugs issue may represent the beginning of change in the current global drug control regime.

  2. Fifty Years of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs: A Reinterpretation

    • David Bewley-Taylor, Martin Jelsma
    15 March 2011
    Report

    Fifty years after its entering into force, it is time for a critical reflection on the validity of the Single Convention today: a reinterpretation of its historical significance and an assessment of its aims, its strengths and its weaknesses.

  3. The WHO Cocaine Project

    03 March 1995

    In 1995 the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) announced in a press release the publication of the results of the largest global study on cocaine use ever undertaken. A decision in the World Health Assembly banned the publication of the study. The US representative threatened that "if WHO activities relating to drugs failed to reinforce proven drug control approaches, funds for the relevant programmes should be curtailed". This led to the decision to discontinue publication.

  4. Drugs and Democracy: Toward a Paradigm Shift

    01 February 2009

    The statement presents the main findings of the Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy. Prohibitionist policies based on the eradication of production and on the disruption of drug flows as well as on the criminalization of consumption have not yielded the desired results, concludes . We are further than ever from the announced goal of eradicating drugs. Breaking the taboo, acknowledging the failure of current policies and their consequences is the inescapable prerequisite for the discussion of a new paradigm leading to safer, more efficient and humane drug policies.

     

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    Drogas y Democracia: hacia un nuevo paradigma

    01 February 2009

    paradigma-sLas políticas prohibicionistas basadas en la represión de la producción y la distribución, así como la criminalización del consumo, no han producido los resultados esperados. Estamos más lejos que nunca del objetivo de erradicación de las drogas. Romper el tabú, reconocer los fracasos de las políticas vigentes y sus consecuencias es una condición previa para la discusión de un nuevo paradigma de políticas más seguras, eficientes y humanas.

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    El estado actual del debate sobre políticas de drogas

    • Martin Jelsma
    30 April 2008

    MartinJelsmaMartin Jelsma, del Transnational Institute, preparó un análisis para la Comisión Latinoamericana sobre Drogas y Democracia en que explica la situación de las políticas de drogas en la Unión Europea y el estado actual del debate en la agenda de las Naciones Unidas. La comisión es una iniciativa de los ex presidentes Fernando Henrique Cardoso de Brasil, César Gaviria de Colombia y Ernesto Zedillo de México en respuesta a las preocupaciones relacionadas con la problemática del consumo y tráfico de drogas en América Latina.

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  7. The Limited Relevance of Drug Policy

    • Craig Reinarman, Peter Cohen, Sebastian Scholl , Hendrien L. Kaal
    01 May 2004

    Decriminalizing cannabis doesn't lead to more widespread use, according to a study comparing cannabis users in two similar cities with opposing cannabis policies — Amsterdam, the Netherlands (decriminalization), and San Francisco, California (criminalization). The study compared age at onset, regular and maximum use, frequency and quantity of use over time, intensity and duration of intoxication, career use patterns, and other drug use. No evidence was found to support claims that criminalization reduces use or that decriminalization increases use.

     

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    The Limited Relevance of Drug Policy

    • Craig Reinarman, Peter Cohen, Sebastian Scholl , Hendrien L. Kaal
    01 May 2004

    Decriminalizing cannabis doesn't lead to more widespread use, according to a study comparing cannabis users in two similar cities with opposing cannabis policies — Amsterdam, the Netherlands (decriminalization), and San Francisco, California (criminalization). The study compared age at onset, regular and maximum use, frequency and quantity of use over time, intensity and duration of intoxication, career use patterns, and other drug use. No evidence was found to support claims that criminalization reduces use or that decriminalization increases use.

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  9. Assessing US Drug Policy in the Americas

    • John Walsh
    15 October 2009

    The growing realization that we and our neighbors in the Americas are not well-served by the status quo U.S. policies presents the opportunity to re-examine old premises and modernize our goals and strategies. Better to make real progress in reducing drug-related harms than to persist with policies that have failed to meet their own basic goals even as they have generated immense collateral damage.

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    Innovaciones legislativas en políticas de drogas

    • Martin Jelsma
    01 October 2009

    legislativeinnovation-sEste informe presenta un resumen de buenas prácticas en reformas legislativas de drogas de todo el mundo, que representan un alejamiento del modelo represivo de la tolerancia cero y un avance hacia políticas de drogas más humanas y fundamentadas en pruebas empíricas.

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    The New York State Adult Drug Court Evaluation

    • Michael Rempel et. al.
    01 October 2003

    ny-drug-courtsBy combining drug treatment with ongoing judicial supervision, drug courts seek to break the cycle of addiction, crime, and repeat incarceration. While practice varies widely from state to state (and county to county), the outlines of the drug court model are clear: addicted offenders are linked to treatment; their progress is monitored by a drug court team composed of the judge, attorneys, and program staff; participants engage in direct interaction with the judge, who responds to progress and setbacks with a range of rewards and sanctions; and successful participants generally have the charges against them dismissed or reduced, while those who fail receive jail or prison sentences.

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  12. The Budgetary Impact of Ending Drug Prohibition

    • Jeffrey A. Miron, Katherine Waldock
    29 September 2010

    The CATO report estimates that legalizing drugs would save roughly $41.3 billion per year in government expenditure on enforcement of prohibition. Of these savings, $25.7 billion would accrue to state and local governments, while $15.6 billion would accrue to the federal government. Approximately $8.7 billion of the savings would result from legalization of marijuana and $32.6 billion from legalization of other drugs.

     

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    The Budgetary Impact of Ending Drug Prohibition

    • Jeffrey A. Miron, Katherine Waldock
    29 September 2010

    BudgetaryImpactCoverThe CATO report estimates that legalizing drugs would save roughly $41.3 billion per year in government expenditure on enforcement of prohibition. Of these savings, $25.7 billion would accrue to state and local governments, while $15.6 billion would accrue to the federal government. Approximately $8.7 billion of the savings would result from legalization of marijuana and $32.6 billion from legalization of other drugs.

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  14. Sooner or later, marijuana will be legal

    • Bill Piper (Drug Policy Alliance)
    28 September 2010

    It's as predictable as the sun rising and setting. Even though police made more than 850,000 marijuana arrests last year, a recent government report shows youth marijuana use increased by about 9 percent -- 76 percent of Americans recognize the drug war has failed; millions are demanding change.

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    Legalización en Norteamérica: El lado económico

    • Gerardo Esquivel
    04 October 2010

    nexos_portada_octubre2010La legalización permitiría tratar al consumo y la adicción a las drogas como lo que es, es decir, como un asunto de salud pública, mientras que, por otra parte, la legalización de las drogas (de algunas o de todas) permitiría reorientar una gran cantidad de recursos físicos, financieros y humanos, que hoy en día se destinan a atacar al narcotráfico, al combate de aquellos delitos que, a diferencia del tráfico y consumo de drogas, sí generan víctimas y sí afectan de manera incuestionable el bienestar de la población.

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    Legalizar. Un informe

    • De la redacción de Nexos
    04 October 2010

    nexos_portada_octubre2010El consenso punitivo sobre las drogas vive una crisis de eficacia global. Sus resultados son pobres y sus costos altos. La prohibición, nacida en la Convención Internacional del Opio de 1912, se expandió paso a paso entre 1949 y 1961, y fue asumida por todos los países signatarios de la ONU en 1998. Su fin declarado: “Reducir tanto la oferta ilegal como la demanda de drogas”. Nada indica que esto haya sucedido.

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  17. US Federal Government Data on Cannabis Prohibition

    07 October 2010

    The report reviews 20 years of data from US government funded surveillance systems on government drug control spending, cannabis seizures and cannabis arrests, in order to assess the impact of enforced cannabis prohibition on cannabis potency, price and availability. The report’s findings highlight the clear failure of cannabis prohibition efforts by showing that as the United States has dramatically scaled up drug law enforcement, cannabis potency has nevertheless increased, prices have dropped, and cannabis remains widely available.

     

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    Información del gobierno federal de los EEUU sobre la prohibición del cannabis

    08 October 2010

    data-cannabis-sEl informe investigativo revisa datos de los últimos 20 años de los sistemas de vigilancia del gobierno federal de los EEUU sobre control de gastos gubernamentales, incautaciones y arrestos por cannabis, para poder evaluar el impacto de la implementación de la prohibición del cannabis en la potencia, precio y disponibilidad de la droga. Los hallazgos del informe resaltan la clara ineficacia de las iniciativas para la prohibición del cannabis al demostrar que los Estados Unidos ha escalado drásticamente la aplicación de la ley en materia de drogas; sin embargo, la potencia del cannabis ha aumentado, los precios han caído y el cannabis sigue estando ampliamente disponible.

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    El desarrollo de la fiscalización internacional de estupefacientes

    • Martin Jelsma
    01 February 2011

    dlr10La aparición de enfoques más pragmáticos y menos punitivos con respecto a la cuestión de las drogas podría representar el inicio de una etapa de cambios en el actual régimen mundial de fiscalización de estupefacientes. La propagación del VIH/SIDA entre los consumidores de drogas inyectadas, el hacinamiento en las prisiones, la renuencia del continente sudamericano a seguir siendo el escenario de operaciones militares antidrogas y la ineficacia de las medidas represivas de lucha contra los estupefacientes para reducir el mercado ilícito han contribuido a erosionar el apoyo global a la guerra contra las drogas inspirada por los Estados Unidos.

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  20. Drug Courts Are Not the Answer

    21 March 2011

    Drug Courts are Not the Answer finds that drug courts are an ineffective and inappropriate response to drug law violations. Many, all the way up to the Obama administration, consider the continued proliferation of drug courts to be a viable solution to the problem of mass arrests and incarceration of people who use drugs. Yet this report finds that drug courts do not reduce incarceration, do not improve public safety, and do not save money when compared to the wholly punitive model they seek to replace. The report calls for reducing the role of the criminal justice system in responding to drug use by expanding demonstrated health approaches, including harm reduction and drug treatment, and by working toward the removal of criminal penalties for drug use.

     

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