Investment protection mechanisms give corporations the right to sue states if they take any measures – including public interest legislation – that might threaten profits. Wellknown versions of this is the Investor state-dispute mechanism (ISDS) which after rising controversy and critisism has been replaced by the Investment court system (ICS). Investment protection mechanisms are included in most new FTAs. Nevertheless, several governments are starting to reconsider their commitments to it as they recognize the danger that it poses to their sovereignty. TNI has produced extensive research highlighting how investment protection gives corporations far-reaching rights that curtail governments’ sovereignty and drain limited public budgets. It has also revealed the big stakes the legal industry has in these mechanisms.
Mark Akkerman is a researcher at Stop Wapenhandel (Dutch Campaign Against Arms Trade) and is actively involved in TNI's research on border militarisation. He has also written and campaigned on topics as arms exports to the Middle East, the private military and security sector, greenwashing arms trade and the militarisation of climate change responses.
Elaine Coburn is a sociologist, currently a researcher at the Centre d’analyse et d’intevention sociologiques (CADIS)-Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales and assistant professor at the American University of Paris in France. Coburn has written about transformations in world capitalism and social movement challenges to neoliberalism. She is the editor of the (2015) book More Will Sing...
Massive research, penetrating analysis, strong and clear arguments and a sparkling narrative had always characterised Praful Bidwai’s writings, from weekly columns to scholarly monographs. The qualities are more than evident in his last and posthumously published history of the Indian Parliamentary Left, from its inception in 1925, to the present. The first half covers colonial and immediate post-colonial times, and the second explores Kerala and West Bengal, both ruled by the Left for long stretches of time.