Are we turning a blind eye to a new kind of arms race? One in which all the weapons are pointing inwards? This report reveals the extent to which Europe’s largest defence and IT contractors are benefiting from a €1.4 billion EU “security research” programme.
This paper examines the emergence of a European military space policy
in the context of an international contest to dominate the ‘high
ground’ of space. Raising concerns about the potential for an arms
race, the paper looks at the creeping militarisation of space, and the
increasing overlap between civilian and military space applications.
Making banks and non-profits liable for the acts and social networks of their customers and beneficiaries while holding charities and CSOs responsible for the ‘extremist’ views and actions of their associates stifles freedom of association and expression and promotes self-censorship.