Una comisión de personalidades internacionales, entre las cuales figuran varios ex presidentes latinoamericanos, preconizó el martes en Ginebra la despenalización del uso de las drogas, tras comprobar el fracaso de las políticas meramente represivas. "Hay que descriminalizar el uso de todas las drogas", dijo a la AFP el ex mandatario brasileño Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002), presidente de la Comisión Global de Políticas sobre Drogas.
La Comisión Global de políticas sobre Drogas, integrada por tres ex presidentes latinoamericanos y numerosas personalidades de otras partes del mundo, analizan el fracaso generalizado de la lucha contra la droga y abordan la despenalización del consumo como una posible respuesta. Entre los miembros de la Comisión figuran también la política socialista suiza Ruth Dreyfuss. Dreyfuss sostuvo que las ideas en debate tienen el denominador común de buscar reducir el riesgo para los consumidores de drogas y las sociedades afectadas por la inseguridad y la desestabilización generadas por el crimen organizado.
La prohibición de discutir abiertamente la legalización ha sido el mayor sostén de la política de prohibición de drogas, al punto que pocos dudan que ésta se desmoronará una vez se discutan reflexivamente sus pros y contras y se masifique la conclusión de que no sólo no soluciona el problema, sino que lo agrava y genera daños colaterales igualmente graves. La falta de una postura oficial del gobierno norteamericano a favor del debate abierto hacía que éste fuera percibido como subversivo y sobre todo inútil.
Some anniversaries provide an occasion for celebration, others a time for reflection, still others a time for action. This June will mark forty years since President Nixon declared a "war on drugs," identifying drug abuse as "public enemy No. 1." As far as I know, no celebrations are planned. What's needed, indeed essential, are reflection -- and action.
El ex presidente César Gaviria, el ex canciller mexicano Jorge Castañeda y el columnista Sergio Muñoz Bata debatieron qué hacer con el narcotráfico. Las políticas de lucha contra el narcotráfico seguirán siendo un fracaso mientras el consumo de estupefacientes en Estados Unidos no disminuya.
La Comisión Global de Políticas sobre Drogas, donde participa el ex presidente mexicano Ernesto Zedillo junto con dos ex presidentes latinoamericanos, analizan en Ginebra el fracaso generalizado de la lucha contra las drogas a nivel internacional y abordan la despenalización del consumo como una posible solución al problema. El grupo puso de ejemplo los casos de México y Colombia, "dos países que han hecho esfuerzos muy grandes (en la lucha antidrogas) con efectos y resultados muy limitados", lo que "demuestra que se necesita un cambio de mentalidad", dijo el ex mandatario brasileño Fernando Henrique Cardoso, presidente de la Comisión.
The war on drugs creates massive costs, resulting from the enforcement-led approach that puts organised crime in control of the trade. It is time to count these costs and explore the alternatives, using the best evidence available, to deliver a safer, healthier and more just world.
When the United Nations adopted the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs in 1961, most people did not expect that 50 years later nobody will celebrate the anniversary of global drug prohibition but a group of drug lords. Drug prohibition created a lucrative black market that generates annual revenue of 320 billion dollars for organized crime: who else have a better reason to celebrate?
Police efforts to fight drug gangs tend to lead to more violence and an increase in murders, according to a new international study. The authors, writing in the International Journal of Drug Policy, admit they were surprised by their own findings. Their hypothesis was that the results "would demonstrate an association between increased drug law enforcement expenditures or intensity and reduced levels of violence". But that's not what they showed. Instead, they report: "From an evidence-based public policy perspective and based on several decades of available data, the existing scientific evidence suggests drug law enforcement contributes to gun violence and high homicide rates and that increasingly sophisticated methods of disrupting organisations involved in drug distribution could paradoxically increase violence."
The UK's "outdated" drug laws could be doing more harm than good and are failing to recognise that banning some "legal highs" may have negative consequences for public health, according to the leading independent panel set up to analyse drugs policy. On the eve of the 40th anniversary of the Misuse of Drugs Act, the UK Drug Policy Commission warns that the exponential rise in "legal highs" and the availability of substances over the internet is making current laws redundant.
"I've seen the war on drugs and I've not been impressed," says Richard Branson. "Thousands of people are being killed in Mexico because of the demand for drugs in America. Whole sections of society are becoming lawless, and most of it is over marijuana." He says it's "incredible" how little the debate has moved on since the 1960s. "It has just got worse and worse and worse."
"Sending more people to prison will not reduce drug addiction or improve public health," said Anya Sarang, president of the Andrey Rylkov Foundation, an advocacy group for people with HIV which works with injecting drug users (IDUs). "Russian prisons are terrible places full of HIV, tuberculosis and other diseases. Drugs are often even more accessible there than anywhere else." She added: "What we need instead of this harsh drug control rhetoric is greater emphasis on rehabilitation, substitution treatment, case management for drug users and protection from HIV."
Tomorrow marks the 79th anniversary of the beginning of the end of the U.S. prohibition on alcohol. On that day in 1932 John D. Rockefeller Jr., a vociferous advocate of temperance, called for the repeal of the 18th amendment in a letter published in the New York Times. Rockefeller had spent hundreds of thousands of dollars lobbying for the constitutional prohibition on alcohol. But his letter did more than admit the error of his investment. Because of his moral authority on the matter, it effectively ended the conservative taboo against admitting that the whole experiment had failed.
Life is especially difficult for the 6 million drug addicts living in Russia because methadone is banned, and they are reluctant to use the few available needle and syringe exchange programmes for fear of being exposed. New drug laws are being drawn up by the Russian Government in its “total war on drugs”. These will go against the evidence-based treatments endorsed by organisations such as the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, UNAIDS, and WHO.
The most striking name on the list is that of Kofi Annan. As secretary general of the United Nations in 1998, Kofi Annan presided over a special United Nations assembly on illicit drugs, which brought together leaders from all over the world. Shortly before that historic event, a letter of protest was delivered to the UN chief.
New "legal highs" are being discovered at the rate of one a week, outstripping attempts to control their availability and exposing what some experts claim is the "ridiculous and irrational" government policy of prohibition. Given the plethora of new substances, the government's attempts to ban legal highs is not a "feasible" solution.
The central statistic of Mexico's violent drug war – 40,000 gangland murders in the past five years – is repeated so often it almost fails to alarm us anymore. But what happened last Thursday, Aug. 25, in the northern business capital of Monterrey – 52 innocent people massacred after gangsters set fire to a casino, presumably in a drug-cartel extortion operation – left even President Felipe Calderón sounding distressed. So agitated, in fact, that drug-war analysts believe Calderón, in his speech the next day, signaled a change in philosophy and told the U.S. to think about legalizing drugs as a way of weakening vicious drug traffickers.
I recently returned from the desert city of Durango, Mexico, where forensic officials are still trying to identify some 240 corpses discovered this year in mass graves. More than 200 other bodies have been found in similar fosas across northern Mexico. All were victims, many of them innocent victims, of the drug-trafficking violence whose barbarity seems bottomless. But it's fueled in large part by the just as endless American appetite for illegal drugs – which itself is due in no small part to the fact that our anti-drug policies are so narrow-mindedly focused on battling supply instead of reducing demand.
The Group of Eight major industrialized economies want to stop the cocaine industry dead in its tracks. But experts say they may be focusing too much on smuggling and not enough on drug use. Representatives from the G8 leading industrialized nations met recently in the French capital, accompanied by officials from 14 other European, African and Latin American nations, to sign a draft action plan against the transatlantic cocaine trade.