Pien Metaal, Mirella van Dun, Hugo Cabieses Cubas, Sebastian Scholl
31 December 2012
At the International Conference on Alternative Development (ICAD), held 15-16 November 2012 in Lima, the Peruvian Government continued to insist on the relevance of “Alternative Development (AD),” with particular emphasis on the so-called San Martín “miracle” or “model.” The model, started with the support of international cooperation, is proposed by Peru as a paradigm to be followed worldwide by regions and countries that also deal with problems associated with crops grown for illicit purposes.
Rodrigo Uprimny Yepes, Diana Esther Guzmán, Jorge Parra Norato
31 December 2012
In Latin America, trafficking cocaine so it can be sold to someone who wants to use it is more serious than raping a woman or deliberately killing your neighbor. While it may seem incredible, that is the conclusion of a rigorous study of the evolution of criminal legislation in the region, which shows that countries’ judicial systems mete out harsher penalties for trafficking even modest amounts of drugs than for acts as heinous as sexual assault or murder.
Marijuana is illegal in Israel, but at a government-approved medical marijuana farm at a secret location near the city of Safed, is at the cutting edge of the debate on the legality, benefits and risks of medicinal cannabis. When Zach Klein, a former filmmaker, made a documentary on medical marijuana that was broadcast on Israeli television in 2009, about 400 Israelis were licensed to receive the substance. Today, the number has risen to about 11,000.
Tourists will not be banned from a majority of the Netherlands’ cannabis cafes, despite new residency requirements which came into effect on January 1, according to a survey by NOS television. Coffee shops are required by law to ensure only official residents of the Netherlands are allowed to buy cannabis. However, the legislation gives scope for "local circumstances" to be taken into account. A survey by The Amsterdam Herald found more than a dozen municipalities are not planning to enforce the rule that customers must show evidence that they live in the Netherlands. (See also: Foreigners still welcome in Dutch coffeeshops)
The three UN Drug Conventions of 1961, 1971 and 1988 currently impose a ‘one-size-fits-all’ prohibitionist approach to drug policy throughout the world. This new report explains in detail how the Conventions could be amended in order to give countries greater freedom to adopt drug policies better suited to their special needs.
Estos dos meses finales del año que concluye se han producido más cambios de gran alcance en materia de legalización de las drogas en América Latina y en Estados Unidos que en décadas enteras. Han tenido lugar tres transformaciones fundamentales; en sí mismas, cada una de ellas sería crucial; en su conjunto pueden conducir tanto a una refundación política en el seno de muchos Gobiernos, y a mutaciones sociales en el seno de varios países.
With a boom in crack use over the past decade, Brazilian authorities are struggling to stop the drug's spread, sparking a debate over the legality and efficiency of forcibly interning users. Brazil today is the world's largest consumer of both cocaine and its crack derivative, according to the Federal University of Sao Paolo. Adults can't be forced to stay in treatment, and most leave the shelters within three days. But children are kept in treatment against their will or returned to parents if they have a family.
Human rights groups have urged the UK government to heed the recommendations of an influential parliamentary committee that has told the government to stop funnelling money into anti drug-trafficking programmes in countries that administer the death penalty. Over the past decade, the UK has given millions of pounds to help Pakistan, China and Iran combat drug smuggling. MPs and human rights groups are horrified by credible claims that the increased aid has met with a corresponding rise in arrests which, in turn, has led to more people ending up on death row, including several Britons.
After a decades-long campaign to legalize marijuana hit a high mark in 2012 with victories in Washington state and Colorado, its energized and deep-pocketed backers are mapping out a strategy for the next round of ballot-box battles. They have their sights set on ballot measures in 2014 or 2016 in states such as California and Oregon, which were among the first in the country to allow marijuana for medical use. Although those states more recently rejected broader legalization, drug-law reform groups remain undeterred.
The sequential strategy will look familiar to Coloradans: first, pass a medical-marijuana law; then put dispensaries in place; then go for recreational legalization. The Marijuana Policy Project (MPP) is pushing medical-marijuana laws in New York, Illinois and New Hampshire, along with contemplating a ballot initiative in Idaho. The true test for marijuana activists will come in 2016, the next presidential election year. That is when MPP hopes to run legalization initiatives in California, Massachusetts, Oregon and Maine.
Em qualquer lista dos mais equivocados projetos em tramitação no Congresso, um, do deputado Osmar Terra (PMDB-RS), ganharia destaque. E com méritos, porque trata de aumentar o castigo penal do usuário de drogas, na contramão da tendência correta de se descriminalizar o usuário, tratando-o como uma questão de saúde pública e não de polícia. O projeto estabelece, ainda, a internação compulsória do drogado, contra a opinião de especialistas no mundo todo.
Fue inesperado. A poco de asumir como presidente de Guatemala, Otto Pérez Molina acaparó la atención internacional al declarar con determinación que propondría la despenalización del tráfico de drogas con otros líderes de la región. El 2012 fue un año en el que el debate en torno a la legalización de la marihuana y otras drogas fue planteado formalmente por dirigentes destacados de la región y que quedó abierto para el año entrante.
Exactly a century after ecstasy was first patented, Health Canada has approved the drug’s import for the first Canadian study using the illegal substance in trauma survivors’ therapy. The Journal of Psychopharmacology reported that more than 83% of several PTSD patients treated with MDMA and therapy had completely recovered, “without evidence of harm.” A follow-up study published last month found that the patients still had virtually no symptoms two years later.
El presidente José Mujica volvió a dar argumentos a favor de la legalización de la venta de marihuana por parte del Estado, un proyecto de ley que está en la órbita de Diputados pero que el mandatario ordenó frenar para que la ciudadanía tenga un mayor debate al respecto. En una nota titulada Una ley contra el narcotráfico, publicada en la web de Presidencia, Mujica "retoma premisas de cuando promovió el debate sobre la legalización de la marihuana y explicita las principales razones que lo llevan a impulsar el Proyecto".
El presidente Evo Morales expresó su optimismo por el retorno de Bolivia al seno de la Convención de Viena sobre drogas, que abandonó en 2011 pidiendo despenalizar el uso tradicional de la hoja de coca. “Esperamos tener buen resultado en esta campaña internacional por la despenalización del ‘pijcheo’ (masticación)”, dijo el Jefe del Estado en la población de Ivirgarzama, zona productora de coca del Chapare.