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26 items
  1. Trends in small-scale fishery in Myanmar: Tenure rights and gender in Mon State and Tanintharyi Division

    • Maria Belen Angeles, Mads Barbesgaard, Jennifer Franco
    12 March 2019
    Paper

    “Fish is the world’s most traded food commodity, and Myanmar is on the cusp of becoming a major international source."

  2. A landscape of ocean and land-control grabbing in Northern Tanintharyi, Myanmar

    • Mads Barbesgaard
    20 November 2018

    After a spout of optimism surrounding Myanmar’s so-called democratic transition in the post-2010 period, more recent work by CSOs and academics have emphasized the rampant and violent processes of land and ocean grabbing that this transition is facilitating. Drawing on a case from Northern Tanintharyi in the Southeast of the country, this article attempts to historicize contemporary accounts of these grabbing processes.

  3. Paradigm Trap

    • Walden Bello
    24 May 2018
    Report

    Can Myanmar take a path to sustainable development that avoids the pitfalls of the orthodox development paradigm? This report argues that this is not only necessary but possible.

  4. Decriminalise agro-forestry!

    • Oliver Springate-Baginski
    22 May 2018
    Primer

    Shifting cultivation is a form of agro-forestry in which the cultivation of annual agricultural crops is combined with fallowing long enough for trees to grow before the plot is cultivated again. Why is shifting cultivation so controversial, and why do different stake­holders hold such divergent views - for some a valuable and honourable tradition but for others virtually a criminal activity?

  5. Agrarian climate justice: Imperative and opportunity

    • Jun Borras, Jennifer Franco
    21 February 2018
    Paper

    Global pressure on land and natural resources is mounting, with mainstream narratives about climate change often intensifying pressure to replace so-called "inefficient" users of land, including small farmers and pastoralists with market-based dynamics and actors. This dynamic makes the pursuit of socially just land policy ever more important and urgent, while at the same time creating new challenges. The fundamental connections and tensions between agrarian and climate justice must be reckoned with, and movements on both sides must deepen their understanding.

  6. ျမန္မာ့မ်က္ေမွာက္ေရးရာက႑

    29 January 2018

    TNI ၏ ျမန္မာ့မ်က္ေမွာက္ေရးရာစီမံကိန္းသည္ အားလံုးပါ၀င္၍ အဓြန္႔ရွည္တည္တံ့ခိုင္ၿမဲသည့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး ျဖစ္ ထြန္းလာေစရန္ လုပ္ကိုင္ေဆာင္ရြက္ရင္း တစ္ရွိန္ထိုးတံခါးပြင့္လာသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံတစ္ရပ္အေနျဖင့္ ရင္ဆိုင္ႀကံဳေတြ႔ လာရႏိုင္သည့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ားကို ကိုင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္းႏိုင္ေစရန္ အရပ္ဖက္လူမႈအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ား(တိုင္းရင္းသား)ႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားကို အားေပးအားေျမွာက္ျပဳလ်က္ရွိသည္။ TNI အေနျဖင့္ အဖြဲ႔အစည္းတစ္ရပ္လံုး၏ လယ္ယာ ဥယ်ာဥ္ျခံေျမ တရားမွ်တေရး၊ အျခားနည္းျဖင့္ ေျပာင္းလဲဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးႏွင့္ လူသားဆန္သည့္ မူး ယစ္ေဆး၀ါးမူ၀ါဒမ်ားကို အတူတကြေပါင္းစပ္ထားသည့္ အစီအစဥ္အားျဖင့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ တိုင္းရင္းသားနယ္ေျမ ေဒသမ်ားႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ အထူးတလည္ နားလည္ကၽြမ္းက်င္လာေစရန္ အစဥ္အဆက္ ႀကိဳးပမ္းတည္ေဆာက္ လာခဲ့သည္။

       
  7. ျမန္မာ့ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္လုပ္ငန္းက႑ကေန ဘယ္သူေတြ အက်ိဳးအျမတ္ရေနသလဲ။

    Nang Shining
    01 September 2017
    Article

    ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံအေနျဖင့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈျပႆနာေပါင္းမ်ားစြာႏွင့္ ရင္ဆိုင္ေနရၿပီး ယင္းတို႔အထဲ၌ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္အေပၚ ျခိမ္းေျခာက္မႈ ျပႆနာသည္ လတ္တေလာ အေရးၾကီးေနသည့္ ျပႆနာတစ္ခုုျဖစ္သည္သာမက ပိုမိုုျပင္းထန္လာေသာ ျပႆနာတစ္ရပ္ျဖစ္လာသည္။ ေလ်ာ္ ကန္သင့္ျမတ္သည့္ စီမံခ်က္(သို႔မဟုတ္)လူထုႏွင့္ ညွိွႏွုိင္းတိုင္ပင္မူမရွိသည္သာမက ႏိုုင္ငံတစ္လႊားရွိ သဘာဝဝန္းက်င္ေဂဟစနစ္ႏွင့္ လူ႕အဖြဲ႕အ စည္းအား နဂိုမူလအတိုင္း ျပန္မျဖစ္ေစႏုိင္ေလာက္သည့္ အႏၲရာယ္မ်ားကို ျဖစ္ေစႏုိင္သည့္ အႀကီးစားေရကာတာၾကီးမ်ားႏွင့္ ေရအားလၽွပ္စစ္ လုပ္ငန္းစီမံကိန္းမ်ားကို တိုးျမွင့္ေဆာင္ရြက္ျခင္းသည္ အထူးတလည္ စိုုးရိမ္ဖြယ္ရာ ကိစၥရပ္ျဖစ္လာသည္။ အထက္ပါ စီမံကိန္းအမ်ားစုသည္ ပဋိပကၡျဖစ္ေနသည့္ တိုုင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးစုုမ်ား၏ေနထိုင္ရာေဒသမ်ားတြင္ တည္ရွိေနသည္သာမက အဆိုုပါစီမံကိန္းမွ ထုတ္ယူမည့္ စြမ္းအင္အ ေျမာက္အမ်ားကိုလည္း အိမ္နီးခ်င္းႏုိင္ငံမ်ားသို႕တင္သြင္းေရာင္းခ်သြားမည္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။ ကန္႔ကြက္ဆႏၵျပမႈမ်ား တစ္ႏိုုင္ငံလံုုးပ်ံ႕ႏွံ႔ျဖစ္ ေပၚေနသည့္အေလ်ာက္ ျမန္မာႏိုုင္ငံအေနျဖင့္ ဦးတည္ရာလမ္းေၾကာင္းကို ေျပာင္းလဲရန္ အခ်ိန္မွီေသးသည္ဟုု ဆိုုႏိုုင္ပါသည္။ သင့္ေလ်ာ္ေသာ ေနရာေဒသတြင္ ေရအားလွ်ပ္စစ္သည္ အေရးၾကီးသည့္ စြမ္းအင္အရင္းအျမစ္တစ္ခုုျဖစ္ႏုိင္သည္ မွန္ေသာ္လည္း ေဒသအေျခအေနႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ မ်ား၏လိုအပ္ခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ ကိုုက္ညီရန္ အထူးအေရးႀကီးၿပီး ဒုုကၡအသစ္ဖန္တီးမႈမ်ိဳးမျဖစ္ရန္၊ တိုုင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးစုုမ်ား၏ မေက်နပ္မႈေသာကမ်ားႏွင့္ တစ္ႏိုုင္ငံလံုုးၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႀကိဳးပမ္းမႈမ်ားအတြက္ ၿခိမ္းေျခာက္ဟန္႔တားသည့္ အေျခအေနမ်ိဳးမျဖစ္ေအာင္ ဂရုစိုက္ရန္လိုအပ္သည္။ (ျမန္မာႏိုုင္ငံ၏) ႏုိင္ငံေရး၊ စီးပြားေရးႏွင့္ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ေရးရာႏွင့္သက္ဆိုင္သည့္ ဦးတည္ခ်က္မ်ားအေပၚတြင္ ေရရွည္အက်ိဳးသက္ေရာက္မူရွိႏုိင္မည့္ စီမံ ကိန္းဆိုုင္ရာ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္မ်ားကို ပူးေပါင္းပါ၀င္မႈကို အေျခတည္၍ အားလံုးပါ၀င္သေဘာတူႏိုင္သည့္ နည္းလမ္းမ်ားကို ေဆြးေႏြးတိုုင္ပင္ေနစဥ္အ တြင္း ယာယီတားျမစ္ခ်က္မ်ား ျပဌာန္းထုုတ္ျပန္ရန္ မျဖစ္မေနလိုုအပ္ပါသည္။

  8. ေျမယာသည္ တိုင္းရင္းသားမ်ားအတြက္ အသက္ေသြးေၾကာျဖစ္သျဖင့္ မိမိတို႔၏ ဓေလ့ထံုးတမ္းလာ ေျမယာ မ်ားကို မိမိတို႔ကိုယ္တိုင္ စီမံပိုင္ခြင့္ရွိရမည္။

    Khun Oo, Khun Kaung
    06 April 2017
    Article

    ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအစိုးရ၏ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရး စတင္ခဲ့သည့္ ၂၀၁၁ ခုႏွစ္မွစ၍ ေျမသိမ္းယာသိမ္းျဖစ္ရပ္မ်ား မႀကံဳစ ဖူး ျမင့္တက္လာခဲ့သည္။ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား၌ အထူးသျဖင့္ ကုန္းျမင့္ ေတာင္တန္းေဒသမ်ားရွိ ေျမအသံုးျပဳခြင့္ အခြင့္အေရးႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္သည့္ ဥပေဒအခင္းအက်င္းကို ေျပာင္းလဲသြားေစသည့္ ေျမယာႏွင့္ ရင္းႏွီးျမွဳပ္ႏွံမႈဆိုင္ရာ ဥပေဒသစ္မ်ားစြာ ပါ၀င္လ်က္ရွိၿပီး ေျမယာက႑၌ ျပည္တြင္းျပည္ပရင္းႏွီးျမွဳပ္ႏွံမႈကို အား ေပးအားေျမွာက္ျပဳရန္အတြက္ တရား၀င္ေျမယာေစ်းကြက္မ်ားကိုပါ ဖန္တီးခဲ့ၾကသည္။ ဤအေျပာင္းအလဲမ်ား သည္ စိုက္ပ်ိဳးေျမမ်ားအေပၚ မွီခိုအားထား၍ အသက္ေမြး၀မ္းေက်ာင္းလုပ္ငန္းမ်ားအတြက္ သစ္ေတာမ်ားကို အမွီသဟဲျပဳေနၾကသည့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရွိ လူထုလူတန္းစားအမ်ားစု၏ စားနပ္ရိကၡာႏွင့္ ေျမယာလုပ္ပိုင္ခြင့္ကို အာမ ခံခ်က္ ကင္းမဲ့သြားေစသျဖင့္ စိုးရိမ္ပူပန္မႈမ်ား အထူးတလည္ျမင့္တက္လာေစသည္။

  9. သမုဒၵရာႏွင့္ ေရေအာက္သယံဇာတမ်ားကို ျခံခတ္သိမ္းဆည္းျခင္း

    16 March 2017
    Report

    အထက္ေအာက္ဆန္သည့္ထိန္းသိမ္း ေစာင့္ေရွာက္ေရးစီမံကိန္းမ်ား၊ သဘာ၀ခရီးသြားလုပ္ငန္း၊ အၾကီးစားေရထြက္ကုန္ေမြးျမဴေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား သည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲလ်က္ရွိသည္။ ျမန္မာ့ကမ္းရိုးတန္းတစ္ေလွ်ာက္ႏွင့္ ကုန္းတြင္းေရေအာက္သယံဇာတမ်ားသည္ က်ယ္ျပန့္ေသာ္လည္း ယင္းအေျပာင္းအလဲျဖစ္စဥ္မ်ားႏွင့္ အရင္းအျမစ္မ်ားမွ မည္သူတို ့အက်ိဳးအျမတ္ ခံစားခြင့္ရရွိေနေၾကာင္း၊ ထိုအရင္းအျမစ္မ်ားကို မည္သူတို့လက္လွမ္းမီ အသံုးခ်လ်က္ရွိေၾကာင္း၊ မည္သူတိို့ထိန္းခ်ဳပ္စီမံလ်က္ရွိေၾကာင္း အေရးတစ္ၾကီးေမးခြန္းေမးစရာရွိလာသည္။

  10. Enclosing the oceans and our aquatic resources

    16 March 2017
    Report

    Top-down conservation projects, (Eco-)tourism, large-scale aquaculture and the expansion of industrial infrastructure are transforming Myanmar. Myanmar's coastal and inland aquatic resources are vast, but these evolving processes and dynamics raise important questions about who benefits from using these resources, who gets to access them and where control lies.

  11. Hydropower in Myanmar: For Whose Benefit?

    Nang Shining
    16 December 2016
    Article

    Amidst the many challenges Myanmar now faces, the threats to the environment are urgent – and they are growing more extreme. The situation is especially serious in the case of mega dams and hydropower where a host of projects are being promoted, without appropriate planning or public consultation, that are likely to cause irreversible harm to communities and natural ecosystems around the country. Not only are many of the projects located in nationality areas that are conflict zones, but the bulk of the energy produced will also be exported to neighbouring countries.

  12. The right to land at crossroads in Myanmar

    Jennifer Franco
    05 July 2016
    Article

    What is the role of land in establishing lasting future peace in Myanmar? The country is at a crossroads, and facing rapid land polarization. However, the inauguration of a new government chosen by a landslide in historic elections offers an unprecedented opportunity to change course in a positive direction. An approach that prioritizes poor, vulnerable and marginalized groups especially ethnic nationalities, women, and youth, could lay a foundation for peace.

  13. Civil Society Groups Demand National Land Restitution Policy for Displaced Communities

    09 June 2016
    In the media

    The Irrawaddy - Several of Burma’s civil society organizations (CSOs) and ethnic community leaders have called for the government to develop a national land restitution policy for communities displaced by conflict.

  14. လမ္းဆံုေရာက္ေနသည့္ ျမန္မာ့ေျမယာ အခင္းအက်င္း

    Jennifer Franco
    04 April 2016
    Article

    ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခိုင္ၿမဲသည့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးကို တည္ေဆာက္ရာ၌ ေျမ၏အခန္းက႑ မည္ မွ်အထိ အေရးပါလ်က္ရွိသနည္း။ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသည္ အခ်ိဳးအေကြ႕တစ္ခု၌ ေရာက္ရွိေနၿပီး ဆန္႔က်င္ ဘက္ အစြန္းႏွစ္ဖက္သို႔ အလ်င္အျမန္ ခ်ဥ္းကပ္ေျပာင္းလဲမႈကို ရင္ဆို္င္ႀကံဳေတြ႔ရလ်က္ရွိသည္။ သို႔ရာ တြင္ သမိုင္းတြင္သည့္ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲအတြင္း ေသာင္ၿပိဳကမ္းၿပိဳအႏိုင္ရခဲ့သည့္ အစိုးရသစ္ကို ေရြး ေကာက္တင္ေျမွာက္ႏိုင္ခဲ့ျခင္းက အျပဳသေဘာေဆာင္သည့္ ဦးတည္ခ်က္ျဖင့္ လမ္းေၾကာင္းေျပာင္း ေလွ်ာက္လမ္းႏိုင္သည့္ အခြင့္အလမ္းတစ္ရပ္ကို ေဖာ္ထုတ္ေပးအပ္ထားသည္။ ဆင္းရဲႏြမ္းပါးသူမ်ား၊ အထိခိုက္လြယ္သူမ်ားႏွင့္ အပယ္ခံလူထုလူတန္းစားမ်ား အထူးသျဖင့္ တိုင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ိဳးမ်ား၊ အမ်ိဳး သမီးမ်ားႏွင့္ လူငယ္မ်ားကို ဦးစားေပးသည့္ ခ်ဥ္းကပ္လုပ္ေဆာင္မႈအားျဖင့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးအတြက္ အေျခခံအုတ္ျမစ္တစ္ခုကို ေဖာ္ထုတ္ႏိုင္ပါသည္။

  15. Land Confiscations and Collective Action in Myanmar’s Dawei Special Economic Zone Area: Implications for Rural Democratization

    • Yukari Sekine
    04 February 2016
    Paper

    The recent political and economic liberalization in Burma/Myanmar, while indicative of some positive steps toward democratisation, has increased foreign and domestic investments and geared the economy toward industrialisation and large-scale agriculture. Land governance procedures and implementation tend to favour the more powerful and well-connected, with little protection mechanism for the majority smallholding farmers in the country.

  16. The Meaning of Land in Myanmar

    • Jennifer Franco, Hannah Twomey, Khu Khu Ju, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    28 January 2016
    Primer

    “Land is like our vein; it is vital for our living. After our land was confiscated, we don’t know what to do for our livelihood,” says a farmer from Kachin State in Myanmar. Today many inhabitants of rural communities in Myanmar live under threat of losing their lands in a battle for resources spurred by ethnic conflict, exploitative land laws, and powerful economic actors. The existence of a legal right to the land does not translate into that right being respected in practice, and people across the country are now working to protect their right to the land.

  17. The Challenge of Democratic and Inclusive Land Policymaking in Myanmar

    • Jennifer Franco, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer, Alberto Alonso-Fradejas, Hannah Twomey
    16 February 2015
    Report

    Myanmar's National Land Use Policy promises to make profound changes to the current economic, social, and political-institutional landscape. This is an important and bold step, but its impact will depend on how it addresses the often “messy” details of actual land based social relations.

  18. ‘There is no voice of real farmers’

    Portia Larlee
    11 December 2014
    Article

    The release of the draft policy, part of a process towards enacting a new National Land Law and “harmonising” existing legislation, was greeted with objections and criticism from farmers’ organisations and ethnic minority groups throughout the country.

  19. The draft land use policy: putting big business first

    Jennifer Franco
    11 December 2014
    Article

    There are some big problems with the current draft of the policy and they stem mainly from its failure to recognise that land has more than an economic function.

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