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2 items
  1. Expanding the fortress

    • Mark Akkerman
    11 May 2018
    Report

    The EU has made migration control a central goal of its foreign relations, rapidly expanding border externalisation measures that require neighbouring countries to act as Europe's border guards. This report examines 35 countries, prioritised by the EU, and finds authoritarian regimes emboldened to repress civil society, vulnerable refugees forced to turn to more dangerous and deadly routes, and European arms and security firms booming off the surge in funding for border security systems and technologies.

  2. The Rise of Border Imperialism

    Nick Buxton, Mark Akkerman
    01 October 2018
    Article

    Over a century after the original Scramble for Africa, European leaders are today imposing new forms of colonialism on the continent in the shape of militarized border controls.