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102 items
  1. Land for Agroecology in Europe

    24 February 2021
    Article

    The time has come for a transformation of Europe’s food systems. Small-scale food producers, peasants, community groups, environmental justice activists and others have been calling for years for a shift towards agriculture that nourishes communities, regenerates ecosystems, and provides decent and sustainable livelihoods. The concept of agroecology encompasses these ambitions, referring to the science, movement, and practice of working with nature to build food sovereignty. The climate crisis and the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic have only made it clearer how urgent such a transformation is.

  2. State of Power 2014 cover

    State of the land: Reconfiguration of the power of the state and capital in the global land rush

    • Jun Borras
    06 February 2014
    Report

    Who gets how much and what kinds of land, how, and for what purposes? These are the basic questions around the politics of land. The question of land politics has been resurrected in a big way recently, worldwide, and in ways significantly different from the past.

  3. Roots of Resilience

    24 February 2021
    Report

    Land politics – who controls what land, how is it used, for how long, for what purposes and to whose benefit – is a central pillar of this debate. As politicians across Europe struggle to balance the urgent need for climate action with the need to strengthen equity and popular support for new policies, the risk of societal discord looms large, fuelled by farmer protests, perceptions of ‘agri-bashing,’ and long-running tensions between conservation movements and agricultural communities. This has been made more complicated by the interweaving of questions of land and national identity and an apparently increasing disconnect between those living in rural and urban areas.

  4. Situating small-scale fisheries in the global struggle for agroecology and food sovereignty

    • Irmak Ertör, Zoe Brent, David Gallar, Thibault Josse
    20 November 2020
    Report

    This report explores the politics and practices in small- scale fisheries that form part of the global struggle for agroecology and food sovereignty. 

  5. The State of Land in Europe

    14 April 2014
    Infograph

    While the overall amount of agricultural land in Europe is shrinking, it is also becoming increasingly concentrated in a few large landholdings and in the hands of relatively few big private business entities.

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    The Victims and Land Restitution Law in Colombia in context

    • Paula Martínez Cortés
    13 January 2014
    Report

    Law 1448 has been promoted as a demonstration of ‘good will’ by Santos' government in Colombia. The law’s main objective is to provide recognition to the victims of the Colombian armed conflict. This stands in contrast to the policy of denial enacted by the previous government.

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    Opening up Markets or Fostering a new Satellite State?

    • Irna Hofman
    18 May 2015
    Paper

    New geopolitical dynamics and the surge for natural resources, such as land, accompany the rise of the BRICS countries in the global arena. In this paper, I discuss the case of Chinese agricultural land investments in the Central Asian state, Tajikistan. Emerging from a Soviet past, Tajikistan seems to be on its way to becoming one of China’s newest satellite states.

  8. Harvesting Crops Nigeria - image by Yosef Hadar World Bank

    Bottom Up Accountability and Securing Communal Land Rights in Cross River State

    01 October 2017
    Policy briefing

    Communities in Cross River State, Nigeria are losing access to the forest lands on which they depend for their livelihoods.

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    CP maize contract farming in Shan State, Myanmar: A regional case of a place-based corporate agro-feed system

    • Kevin Woods
    18 May 2015
    Paper

    The Bangkok-based Sino-Thai company Choern Pakard Group (CP Group), Asia's largest and most prominent agro-food/feed corporation, has led an industrial maize contract farming scheme with (ex-)poppy upland smallholders in Shan State, northern Myanmar to supply China’s chicken-feed market. Thailand, as a Middle-Income Country (MIC) and regional powerhouse, has long-tapped China’s phenomenal economic growth and undersupplied consumer demand.

  10. The Meaning of Land in Myanmar

    • Jennifer Franco, Hannah Twomey, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    28 January 2016
    Primer

    “Land is like our vein; it is vital for our living. After our land was confiscated, we don’t know what to do for our livelihood,” says a farmer from Kachin State in Myanmar. Today many inhabitants of rural communities in Myanmar live under threat of losing their lands in a battle for resources spurred by ethnic conflict, exploitative land laws, and powerful economic actors. The existence of a legal right to the land does not translate into that right being respected in practice, and people across the country are now working to protect their right to the land.

  11. cover_life_in_a_shrimp_zone

    Life in a Shrimp Zone

    • Kasia Paprocki, Jason Cons
    01 January 2013
    Policy briefing

    What are the class-differentiated implications of food sovereignty in a zone of ecological crisis—Bangladesh’s coastal Khulna district? Much land in this deltaic zone that had previously been employed for various forms of peasant production has been overrun and transformed by the introduction of brackish-water shrimp aquaculture.

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    Land grabbing in Latin America and the Caribbean in broader international perspectives

    • Jun Borras, Jennifer Franco, Cristóbal Kay, Max Spoor
    07 December 2011
    Report

    A critical re-assessment of a UN FAO study on land grabbing finds that a too-narrow definition has obscured evidence of land grabbing on a wider geographical scale than previously thought; this research includes new evidence of cases in Latin America and the Caribbean.

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    The Politics of Property in Industrial Fisheries

    • Liam Campling, Elizabeth Havice
    01 January 2013
    Paper

    Fisheries systems are widely considered to be ‘in crisis’ in both economic and ecological terms, a considerable concern given their significance to food security, international trade and employment the world over. The most common explanation for the crisis suggests that it is caused by weak and illiberal property regimes.

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    Land Grabbing in Dawei

    • Elizabeth Loewen
    09 October 2012
    Report

    The Dawei region is a highly populated and prosperous region, significant because of its ecologically-diversity and strategic position along the Andaman coast. Thai interest in the region poses an environmental threat and risks massive expulsion of people.

  15. Blue Carbon: Ocean Grabbing in Disguise?

    • Mads Barbesgaard
    01 February 2016
    Policy issue

    Will blue carbon projects have similar consequences for coastal communities as the negative socio-ecological impact from the market-based mitigation efforts on land (REDD-ii)

  16. Land Conflicts in Argentina

    • Zoe Brent
    16 December 2013
    Policy briefing

    In Argentina, the accumulation of new lands for expanding mining and large-scale agribusiness requires displacement of current occupants. However, peasant resistance is shaping to achieve far-reaching structural change.

  17. Land concentration, land grabbing and people’s struggles in Europe

    • European Coordination Via Campesina (ECVC), Hands-Off The Land (HOTL) Alliance
    24 June 2013
    Report

    Land issues and 'land grabs' are mostly associated with the global South, however 13 country studies in this updated landmark report reveal an accelerating grab and concentration of land across Europe.

  18. Fast track agribusiness expansion in Zambia

    • Roman Herre
    12 May 2014
    Report

    What are the effects of the climate crisis, the food price crisis, the energy (or fuel) crisis and the financial crisis  on land and the food system in Zambia?

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    MultiLatin Agribusiness: the Expansion of Argentinian Firms in Brazil

    • Clara Craviotti
    18 May 2015
    Paper

    From 2000, onwards a growing trend of internationalization of Argentinian firms has emerged, with neighbouring countries as a main focus, particularly Brazil. Agricultural production (particularly "flex crops", such as soybean, linked to the new food-fodder-fuel complex) has constituted a central point of their business.

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    Emerging Trends in Global Commodities Markets

    • Carolina Milhorance de Castro
    18 May 2015
    Paper

    Drawing on the wider political economy of global commodities markets, this paper analyses the dynamics of agrarian change related to the rise of emerging economies.

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