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145 items
  1. Land for Agroecology in Europe

    24 February 2021
    Article

    The time has come for a transformation of Europe’s food systems. Small-scale food producers, peasants, community groups, environmental justice activists and others have been calling for years for a shift towards agriculture that nourishes communities, regenerates ecosystems, and provides decent and sustainable livelihoods. The concept of agroecology encompasses these ambitions, referring to the science, movement, and practice of working with nature to build food sovereignty. The climate crisis and the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic have only made it clearer how urgent such a transformation is.

  2. Democracy Not for Sale

    • Stephan Backes , Jenny Gkiougki, Sylvia Kay, Charalampos Konstantinidis, Emily Mattheisen, Christina Sakali, Eirini Tzekou, Leonidas Vatikiotis, Pietje Vervest
    19 November 2018
    Report

    Austerity measures led to increased rural poverty and food insecurity in Greece and violated her people's human right to food. How did this happen and who is responsible?

  3. Food politics in a time of crisis: corporate power vs. popular power in the shifting relations of state, society and capital in Venezuela’s food system

    • Ana Felicien, Christina M. Schiavoni, Liccia Romero
    17 March 2018
    Paper

    Shedding light on Venezuela’s current situation, inquiring into food shortages, lines, and ‘riots'.

  4. Roots of Resilience

    24 February 2021
    Report

    Land politics – who controls what land, how is it used, for how long, for what purposes and to whose benefit – is a central pillar of this debate. As politicians across Europe struggle to balance the urgent need for climate action with the need to strengthen equity and popular support for new policies, the risk of societal discord looms large, fuelled by farmer protests, perceptions of ‘agri-bashing,’ and long-running tensions between conservation movements and agricultural communities. This has been made more complicated by the interweaving of questions of land and national identity and an apparently increasing disconnect between those living in rural and urban areas.

  5. Populism from above and below: agriculture and the political ambiguities of the Workers’ Party in Brazil

    • Daniela Andrade
    03 July 2018
    Paper

    Brazil has recently undergone a shift from economic growth to recession, as well as from a left-wing, neo-developmentalist politics to one on the far-right, authoritarian and economically ultraliberal. Such an economic and political U-turn touched upon the countryside in contrasting ways. This paper reflects on the politics of the past. It suggests that the road to regression was paved during the tenure of the Worker’s Party (PT), when politics were considered both popular and progressive. And it was under the PT’s rule when the ‘rural world’ mattered the most for politics.

  6. Agricultural livelihoods and voting patterns in a rural, southern state

    • Rebecca Shelton
    17 March 2018
    Paper

    How can we support cross-cultural empathy and an improved understanding of the unique and diverse contexts from which support for authoritarian populism is gained?

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    Land grabbing under the Cover of Law

    • Tomaso Ferrando
    03 September 2014
    Paper

    The BRICS are following the pattern traditionally adopted by Northern countries of enclosing and exploiting land, both nationally and abroad, to benefit capital and global agro-industrialisation. They are also using law and diplomacy, notably Bilateral Investment Agreements, in order to facilitate access to foreign land, and foster their own economic interests.

  8. People and places left behind: Work, culture and politics in the rural United States

    • Cynthia M. Duncan, Jessica D. Ulrich-Schad
    17 March 2018
    Paper
    How does looking at the rural U.S. from a "three rural americas" perspective helps provide a more nuanced framework for understanding the role of rural residents in current national politics, and especially in the last election?
  9. State-corporate alliances and spaces for resistance on the extractive frontier in southeastern Madagascar

    • Amber Huff, Yvonne Orengo, Barry Ferguson
    15 March 2018
    Paper

    How do dominant political-economic conditions articulate and manifest in rural spaces? This question is central to grasping the contextual dynamics of agrarian change and associated contestations, conflicts and struggles.

  10. The Meaning of Land in Myanmar

    • Jennifer Franco, Hannah Twomey, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    28 January 2016
    Primer

    “Land is like our vein; it is vital for our living. After our land was confiscated, we don’t know what to do for our livelihood,” says a farmer from Kachin State in Myanmar. Today many inhabitants of rural communities in Myanmar live under threat of losing their lands in a battle for resources spurred by ethnic conflict, exploitative land laws, and powerful economic actors. The existence of a legal right to the land does not translate into that right being respected in practice, and people across the country are now working to protect their right to the land.

  11. Rentier states and neo-extractivism: Venezuela’s Orinoco mining arc program

    • Luis Llambí
    17 March 2018
    Paper

    How are populations of diverse social and ethnic origins involved in recent processes of biophysical resource grabbing in Venezuela?

  12. The agrarian question in Brazilian Amazonia: Authoritarian populism and neo-clientalism among timber companies and riberinho communities in western Para state, Brazil

    • Paulo Henrique Lima, James Angus Fraser, Mauricio Gonsalves Torres
    17 March 2018
    Paper

    How is authoritarian populism reconfiguring relationships between timber companies and riberhino communities in Brazilian Amazonia?

  13. The agrarian origins of authoritarian rural populism in the United States: what can we learn from 20th century struggles in California and the Midwest?

    • Antonio Roman-Alcalá, Maywa Montenegro, Alex Liebman, Siena Chrisman
    15 March 2018
    Paper

    Interrogating the politics of rural places in generating both support for and struggle against authoritarian populism.

  14. Disaster colonialism and agroecological brigades in post-disaster Puerto Rico

    • Nils McCune, Ivette Perfecto, John Vandermeer, Katia Aviles Vásquez
    17 March 2018
    Paper

    What are the roots of Puerto Rico’s unending nightmare?

  15. Conservative farmers movements and right-wing populism in contemporary India

    • Divya Jain
    15 March 2018
    Paper

    What are the fundamental tensions and contradictions between the Modi authoritarian populist regime and its rural social base?

  16. Land Conflicts in Argentina

    • Zoe Brent
    16 December 2013
    Policy briefing

    In Argentina, the accumulation of new lands for expanding mining and large-scale agribusiness requires displacement of current occupants. However, peasant resistance is shaping to achieve far-reaching structural change.

  17. Neoliberal developmentalism, authoritarian populism, and extractivism in the countryside: The soma mining disaster in Turkey

    • Fikret Adaman, Murat Arsel, Bengi Akbulut
    15 March 2018
    Paper

    While state-society relations in Turkey have historically been top-down and coups d’etat periodically interrupted the functioning of electoral politics, the recent authoritarian turn under President Erdogan is remarkable. This paper examines two especially salient political economic dynamics at play.

  18. Linking Women and Land in Myanmar

    03 February 2015
    Report

    What are the potential gender implications of the current land use policy draft in Myanmar? How might it be improved to promote and strengthen women’s land rights?

  19. Access Denied: Land Rights and Ethnic Conflict in Burma

    • Burma Centrum Netherlands
    08 May 2013
    Policy briefing

    The new land and investment laws benefit large corporate investors and not small- holder farmers, especially in ethnic minority regions, and do not take into account land rights of ethnic communities.

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