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110 items
  1. ပိုးလမ္းမစိတ္ဓာတ္ကို ေစ်းကြက္တင္ျခင္း

    20 February 2020
    Policy briefing

    ဤသုံးသပ္ခ်က္အစီရင္ခံစာအားျဖင့္ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံအတြင္းရွိ ခါးပတ္လမ္း (BRI) ေဆာင္ရြက္မႈ ဆိုင္ရာ ေဆြးေႏြးမႈမ်ား လုပ္ေဆာင္ ရာတြင္ အေထာက္အကူျပဳနိုင္ဖို႔ ရည္ရြယ္ပါသည္။ ရံဖန္ရံခါတြင္ BRI ကို သမၼတရွီက်င္ဖ်င္၏ ခမ္းနားႀကီး က်ယ္သည့္ ဗ်ဴဟာတခု- ဗဟိုမွေသခ်ာအစီအစဥ္ေရးဆြဲကာ ထို႔ေနာက္ လိုက္နာၿပီး နိုင္ငံပိုင္စီးပြားေရးလုပ္ငန္း မ်ားမွလုပ္ေဆာင္ၾကသည့္ ပုံစံျဖင့္ ေျပာဆိုၾကသည္။ နိုင္ငံေပါင္း ၁၃၆ နိုင္ငံ မွ တ႐ုတ္တို႔၏ နိုင္ငံျခားတိုက္ရိုက္ရင္းႏွီး ျမႇုပ္ႏွံမႈပမာဏ အေမရိကန္ေဒၚလာ ၉၀ ဘီလီယံ လက္ခံရရွိၿပီး တ႐ုတ္နိုင္ငံႏွင့္ ကုန္သြယ္မႈပမာဏ ေဒၚလာ ၆ ထရီလီယံ ရွိသည္။ ထိုေၾကာင့္ BRI သည္ အင္အားႀကီးမားစြာ ေပါင္းစပ္စုစည္းသြားမည့္ တားဆီးေရွာင္လႊဲ၍မရနိုင္ေသာ စီမံကိန္းႀကီး အသြင္ေဆာင္ေနေပသည္။ သို႔ေသာ္ ယခုအစီရင္ခံစာအေနျဖင့္ နိုင္ငံေရးေဘာဂေဗဒအေျခခံသုံးသပ္ခ်က္မ်ားအသုံးျပဳကာ BRI သည္ ခမ္းနား ႀကီးက်ယ္လွသည့္ မဟာဗ်ဴဟာမဟုတ္ပဲ အမွန္တကယ္တြင္ တ႐ုတ္နိုင္ငံ၏ အရင္းရွင္ စနစ္အၾကပ္ အတည္းကို ေျဖရွင္းဖို႔ရည္ရြယ္ထားသည့္ ေလ်ာ့ရဲက်ယ္ျပန႔္လွသည့္ လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားႏွင့္ တည္ေဆာက္ထားသည့္ မူေဘာင္တစ္ခု သာျဖစ္သည္ဟု သုံးသပ္ထားပါသည္။ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံတြင္းရွိ BRI စီမံကိန္း ၄ခုကို တ႐ုတ္ဘာသာစကားအသုံးျပဳထားသည့္ သတင္းအရင္းအျမစ္မ်ားကိုသုံးကာ တ႐ုတ္နိုင္ငံပိုင္စီးပြားေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား ႏွင့္ ယူနန္ျပည္နယ္အစိုးရတို႔အေနျဖင့္ တ႐ုတ္ဗဟိုအစိုးရ၏ အေထာက္အပံ့ျဖင့္ ထိုစီမံကိန္းမ်ား ေဆာင္ရြက္နိုင္ရန္ မည္ကဲ့သို႔ စည္း႐ုံးသိမ္းသြင္းမႈမ်ား ေဆာင္ရြက္သည္ကို ေလ့လာမႈျပဳထားပါသည္။

  2. Selling the Silk Road Spirit

    07 November 2019
    Policy briefing

    This briefing aims to deepen discussion on the Belt and Road Iniatiative (BRI) in Myanmar. The BRI is often described as a ‘grand strategy’ led by President Xi Jinping, centrally planned and rolled out by obedient state-owned enterprises (SOEs). The sheer size of the initiative – 136 countries have received US$90 billion in Chinese foreign direct investment and exchanged US$6 trillion in trade with China - can make the BRI appear monolithic and inevitable. However, using a political economy analysis, this briefing demonstrates that the BRI is not a grand strategy, but a broad framework of activities that seek to address a crisis in Chinese capitalism. An examination of four BRI projects in Myanmar using Chinese language sources shows the extent of lobbying by Chinese SOEs and the Yunnan provincial government to promote the projects, with support from the central Chinese government.

  3. Methamphetamine use in Myanmar, Thailand, and Southern China: assessing practices, reducing harms

    • Renaud Cachia, Thura Myint Lwin
    18 February 2019
    Policy briefing

    Over the past decade, methamphetamine use has grown more popular in Myanmar, Thailand and Southern China. Based on in-depth interviews conducted with individuals who use methamphetamine, this briefing sheds light on the importance of promoting an environment that reinforces, rather than undermines, the ability of people who use methamphetamine to regulate their drug use, preserve their health and adopt safer practices.

  4. Panglong monument with Shwedagon replica in background

    ပင္လံုအလြန္ -
ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ျပည္တြင္းၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရး အက်ပ္အတည္း

    22 February 2018
    Policy briefing

    တိုင္းရင္းသားပဋိပကၡေရးရာႏွင္ ဒုကၡသည္ေရႊ ့ေျပာင္းမႈမ်ားသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဧ။္နယ္စပ္ေဒသတစ္လႊားတြင္ ေနရာယူဆဲျဖစ္ေသာေၾကာင့္ လက္ရွိအေနအထားတြင္ တိုင္းျပည္သည္ လမ္းဆတံု ြင္တည္ရွိေနသည္။ ဆယ္စုႏွစ္ေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ ၾကာျမင့္သည့္

    စစ္အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးကာလေနာက္ပိုင္း ၂၁ ရာစုပင္လံုညီလာခံကုိ ၁၉၄၇ ခုႏွစ္ ေႏွာင္းပိုင္း

    ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၌ တစ္ႏိုင္ငံလံုးအတိုင္းအတာၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲေရး လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားေဖာ္ေဆာင္ႏိုင္ ေစရန္ႀကိဳးပမ္းသည့္ စိတ္အားတက္ၾကြဖြယ္ရာအေကာင္းဆံုး တာထြက္ေျခလွမ္းတစ္ရပ္အေနျဖင့္ ႀကိဳဆိုဂုဏ္ျပဳ ခဲ့ၾကသည္။

    သို႔ေသာ္လည္း က်ဆံုးသြားမည္ကို စိုးရိမ္မကင္းျဖစ္သည့္ အေငြ႕အသက္မ်ားက ႏိုင္ငံ၏ အတိတ္ ကာလျဖစ္ရပ္ ဆိုးမ်ားကို ျပန္ေျပာင္းအမွတ္ရေစလ်က္ရွိသည္။

  5. Myths and risks of the EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement

    • Cecilia Olivet, Pietje Vervest
    21 September 2017
    Policy briefing

    As the signing of the EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement (IPA) draws near, concerns over the secrecy surrounding the agreement’s negotiations and the risks it poses abound, alongside many myths about its potential benefits.

  6. Panglong monument with Shwedagon replica in background

    Beyond Panglong: Myanmar’s National Peace and Reform Dilemma

    19 September 2017
    Policy briefing

    How is the peace process in Myanmar going? What progress has been made toward reform? After decades under military rule, the 21st Century Panglong Conference has been welcomed as the most encouraging recent initiative to address humanitarian suffering and national instability. It prioritises ethnic peace and political reform at a moment of opportunity for national reconciliation. However, as ethnic conflict and refugee displacement continue worrying failings have started to appear, raising many warnings from the country’s troubled history.

  7. Displaced Karenni villagers

    Re-Asserting Control: Voluntary Return, Restitution and the Right to Land for IDPs and Refugees in Myanmar

    23 May 2017
    Policy briefing

    For people affected by displacement, land is much more than just an economic asset. Being able to return to one’s original place is a deeply felt aspiration about restoring the social relations that constitute a person’s identity. The long-standing displacement of people, land-grabbing and non-existence of rights to land in many parts of the country mean that land reform and land restitution must be a central issue in any peace settlement. What happens today with the land is inextricably tied to the country’s future prospects for peace and democracy.

  8. ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရွိ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးျပႆနာမ်ားက ကိုင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္းျခင္း -

    02 March 2017
    Policy briefing

    ဤမူ၀ါဒသံုးသပ္ခ်က္အက်ဥ္းကို ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးေရးရာ ျပႆနာအတိမ္အနက္ကို နက္နက္နဲနဲျဖင့္ အက်ယ္တ၀င့္နားလည သေဘာေပါက္သည့္ ျပည္တြင္းႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားက ၁ ေရးဆြဲျပဳစုထားျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ သံုးသပ္ခ်က္ကို ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ အခင္းအက်င္းႏွင့္ လိုက္ေလ်ာညီေထြရွိ၍ ခိုင္မာအားေကာင္းသည့္ ေထာက္ခံအၾကံျပဳခ်က္မ်ား အသီးသီးပါရွိေနသည့္ မဟာဗ်ဴဟာေျမာက အေရးယူေဆာင္ရြက္ခ်က္ (၅) ရပ္အေပၚ အေျခတည္၍ ျပဳစုေရးသားထားျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ သံုးသပ္ခ်က္အတြင္း ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံႏွင့္ ကမာၻအႏွံ႔မ ယံုၾကည္အားထားရေလာက္သည့္ ေနာက္ဆံုးရ သတင္းအခ်က္အလက္မ်ားႏွင့္ အေထာက္အထားအေျချပဳ အေလ့အထ သာဓကမ်ား ပါ၀င္လ်က္ရွိသည္။

  9. Addressing drug problems in Myanmar

    28 February 2017
    Policy briefing
    Time has come to embrace a different approach and adopt policies that are based on public health, community safety, human rights and development. Only such policies will deliver on the promise to improve people’s lives; only such policies will truly allow Myanmar to reduce the harm caused by problematic drug use, trafficking and production.
  10. Drugs and bullets in Myanmar

    08 February 2017
    In the media

    As more people in Kachin fall victim to drug abuse, Christian group Pat Jasan is taking matters into its own hands.

  11. A failing drug war triggers new approach in Thailand and Myanmar

    06 August 2016
    In the media

    The Straits Times

  12. The opium bulbs of Myanmar: drug crop or lifeline for poor farmers?

    22 June 2016
    In the media

    The Guardian - Rural development programmes to wean poppy farmers off their illicit crop contend with lack of roads, water and power in remote areas plagued by militias

  13. CSOs discuss nationwide land policy for refugees

    09 June 2016
    In the media

    Myanmar Times - For the first time, civil society organisations yesterday addressed land restitution for IDPs and refugees on a national level, rather than on a per-state basis.

  14. Civil Society Groups Demand National Land Restitution Policy for Displaced Communities

    09 June 2016
    In the media

    The Irrawaddy - Several of Burma’s civil society organizations (CSOs) and ethnic community leaders have called for the government to develop a national land restitution policy for communities displaced by conflict.

  15. rcep-isds

    Solving Myanmar’s drug trade means involving militias in the peace process

    27 May 2016
    In the media

    Myanmar Times  - To unravel Myanmar's drug trade and end the decades-long civil war, Tatmadaw-backed militias will need to be involved in the dialogue, experts say.

     

  16. ကခ်င္ မူးယစ္ျပႆနာ ႀကီးထြား

    22 April 2016
    In the media

    Voice of America - Burmese- ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေျမာက္ပုိင္း ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္မွာ လက္နက္ကိုင္ ပဋိပကၡေၾကာင့္ ေသဆုံးရတဲ့ လူဦးေရထက္ မူးယစ္ေဆးဝါးေၾကာင့္ ေသဆုံးရသူ အေရအတြက္က ပိုမ်ားေနတယ္လို႔ အေမရိကန္ျပည္ေထာင္စု အေျခစိုက္ Transnational Institute (TNI) အဖြဲ႔က ထုတ္ျပန္တဲ့ အစီရင္ခံစာ မွာ ေဖၚျပလုိက္ပါတယ္။ ဒီျပႆနာေတြကို ေလ်ာ့က်သြားေအာင္ NLD အရပ္သား အစိုးရသစ္ လက္ထက္မွာ လုပ္ေဆာင္ဖို႔လိုေၾကာင္း TNI အဖြဲ႔က တိုက္တြန္းလိုက္ပါတယ္။ ဆက္သြယ္ေမးျမန္းထားတဲ့ ကိုဉာဏ္ဝင္းေအာင္က တင္ျပပါမယ္။

  17. Burma’s Transition to Civilian Rule Hasn’t Stopped the Abuses of Its Ethnic Wars

    06 April 2016
    In the media

    TIME - Building an inclusive and durable cease-fire will present a major challenge for Burma's new government under the de facto leadership of Aung San Suu Kyi

  18. Pat Ja San: A controversial mission

    21 March 2016
    In the media

    A group of sickle-wielding vigilantes made its way through Myanmar’s northern Kachin State in January and February, clearing poppy fields nearly ready to be harvested in a quest to end production of the illicit drug. The mission turned farmers whose livelihoods were being cut down into angry and, at times, armed adversaries.

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