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112 items
  1. Colombia: elections, war and peace

    Danilo Urrea, Lyda Fernanda Forero
    16 June 2018
    Article

    On 17 June, the second round of presidential elections for the 2018-2022 period will be held in Colombia. After the first round, the candidates still in the race are Gustavo Petro, representing Colombia Humana, a coalition of democratic and progressive forces, and Iván Duque for the Centro Democrático, an extreme right-wing party led by former president Álvaro Uribe Vélez.

  2. Thumbnail Amapola, opio y heroína

    Poppies, opium, and heroin: Production in Colombia and Mexico

    • Guillermo Andrés Ospina, Jorge Hernández Tinajero, Martin Jelsma
    16 April 2018
    Report

    Poppy cultivation in Mexico and Colombia is part of a local economy geared almost exclusively toward the illegal market abroad: it is driven by demand for heroin, primarily in the United States.

  3. After the peace agreement, authoritarian extractivism persists as rural development in Colombia

    Lyda Fernanda Forero, Danilo Urrea
    14 March 2018
    Article

    The results of the recent legislative elections only reinforce the authoritarian and militarised model of the last 16 years. What is peace?

  4. Colombia Gold

    13 October 2017
    Multi-media

    Together with the Cannabis News Network, Martin Jelsma travelled to Colombia to report on the newly emerging medical cannabis industry in the country, specifically looking at the impacts of private investment and licensing on farmers and indigenous communities.

  5. Open Letter To President Juan Manuel Santos About Coca Eradication in Colombia

    International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC)
    22 August 2017
    Declaration

    In a letter to Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos, the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC), a global network of 177 NGOs, expresses strong support for the Peace Accord signed by the Colombian government and the FARC, while also expressing deep concern regarding intensified, and increasingly militarized, forced coca eradication efforts, especially in areas where communities have already signed crop substitution agreements.

  6. Colombian landscape

    Land Policy in Colombia

    15 August 2017
    Topic

    For years, TNI’s work in Colombia has largely focussed on how public policies and political processes have affected (rural) communities and their collective efforts to democratise access to land, water, and other natural resources. In doing so, TNI has collaborated with local organisations and researchers, while simultaneously building bridges between grassroots movements and policymakers at the national and international level.

  7. Peace Process in Colombia

    15 August 2017
    Topic

    After more than four years of peace talks in Havana, the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) have taken important steps towards a definitive agreement to end the decades-long armed conflict in the country. This page provides some background information as well as TNI’s most recent analyses and advocacy work in relation with various social and economic issues that are essential factors in creating territorial peace in Colombia.

  8. Ómar with his coffee plants

    Coca and the Colombian Peace Accords

    Martin Jelsma, Coletta Youngers
    11 August 2017
    Article

    Getting to the Briceño region in the heart of Antioquia requires an excellent vehicle, and a lot of time and luck. The week before our journey there in mid-July, heavy rains wiped out part of the road between Briceño and Pueblo Nuevo, stranding folks on one side or the other. We were lucky on the day of our journey – no rain. But it took a six-hour drive to get from Medellín to Briceño, and another three hours of sometimes harrowing curves to Pueblo Nuevo. The dirt-road drive itself was a stark reminder of the challenges Colombia faces as it seeks to eliminate 50,000 hectares of coca this year through the crop substitution program, Programa Nacional Integral de Sustitución de Cultivos de Uso Ilícito (National Comprehensive Program for the Substitution of Illicit Crops), known by the acronym PNIS.

  9. Colombian landscape

    Human nature as victim in Colombia

    Lyda Fernanda Forero
    17 March 2017
    Article

    "We are part of nature – human and non-human. The relationship between both and in permanent interaction creates ‘the territory’."

  10. La Marcha del Silencio llena la Plaza Bolívar en Bogotá, octubre de 2016

    On the “NO” vote to endorse the agreements and new paths to build peace in Colombia

    Lyda Fernanda Forero, Danilo Urrea
    01 November 2016
    Article

    The outcome of the October 2nd plebiscite in Colombia was a surprise for the international community and different democratic sectors in the country. It was an invitation to the Colombian population to endorse the Agreements reached between Juan Manuel Santos’ Government and the left wing guerrilla group, the Armed Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC). The outcome was a surprise even among the conservative sectors and those that had opposed the Agreements, who did not expect a majority of a NO vote. The Agreements aimed to end the armed conflict with the guerrilla group which has lasted for more than 50 years.

  11. Repercussions in Colombia of the free trade agreement with the European Union after three years of implementation

    10 October 2016
    Report

    Various points of interest emerged during the discussions around the negotiation and ratification of this Free Trade Agreement (FTA), and after three years of its provisional implementation, it is a good time to revisit these issues.

  12. Street Art Bogota, Colombia. Juan Cristobal Zulueta

    Territorial Peace and Land Grabbing in Colombia

    Lyda Fernanda Forero, Danilo Urrea
    30 September 2016
    Article

    The end of Colombia's armed conflict will not mean real peace if the neoliberal status quo persists. The peoples of Colombia have real solutions to the country's environmental and social problems.

  13. Peasants mobilized in Colombia: The strike is finished, the struggle continues

    Lyda Fernanda Forero, Danilo Urrea
    16 June 2016
    Article

    The current development model in place across Colombia has brought repression and harassment. The government has not fulfilled the terms of a 2013 agreement. On May 27th, the Cumbre Agraria, Campesina, Etnica y Popular1 called for a national Minga - a period of strikes and mobilizations - across Colombia to put pressure on the government.

  14. How the guerrillas were led to the negotiating table - and stayed

    Mariano Aguirre
    04 January 2016
    Article

    Negotiations with FARC are too advanced for anyone to step back now.

  15. Open Letter: Threats in Colombia: Serious Concern regarding lack of guarantees

    15 October 2015
    Declaration

    Although there is talk of peace, there are no safeguards for the activities of the social organisations that are working to defend social rights and to oppose an economic model that is deepening inequality and that violates fundamental rights.

  16. Timeline - Fumigation in Colombia

    30 September 2015
    Infograph

    For 37 years Colombia has been spraying chemicals to combat illicit crops, particularly coca. These massive eradication programmes became part of the US-backed 'War on Drugs'. The fumigations are controversial for their proven inefficacy to reduce supply and demand for the use of herbicides such as glyphosate.

  17. With marijuana price down 70%, Colombia growers are bailing

    13 July 2015
    Other news

    On a farm in the central Andean mountains of Colombia, workers are digging up marijuana bushes and replacing them with avocados.

  18. Colombia says rise in coca cultivation shows why it was right to stop spraying

    01 July 2015
    Other news

    A new UN study showing a steep rise in the cultivation of the leaf used to make cocaine offers fresh support to Colombia’s recent decision to end the aerial spraying of drug crops with herbicides. Justice minister, Yesid Reyes, said the report showed that the aerial aspersion strategy was ineffective. After spraying 1.5m hectares in the past 12 years, the total reduction of coca crops was just 12,000 hectares, Reyes said. Paraphrasing Albert Einstein, he added: “Insanity is to continue doing the same thing and expect different results.”

  19. Defying U.S., Colombia halts aerial spraying of crops used to make cocaine

    13 May 2015
    Other news

    The government of Colombia rejected a major tool in the American-backed antidrug campaign — ordering a halt to the aerial spraying of the country’s vast illegal plantings of coca, the crop used to make cocaine, citing concerns that the spray causes cancer. The decision ends a program that has continued for more than two decades, raising questions about the viability of long-accepted strategies in the war on drugs in the region.

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