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98 items
  1. State of Power 2019 cover thumbnail

    Cocaine on Wall Street, The War on Drugs, and Peace in Colombia

    • Jorge Andrés Forero-González , Miranda D. Mosis, Diana María Peña-García
    08 February 2019
    Paper

    This essay connects cocaine, the financial system and global economies through the experience of the war on drugs and peace process in Colombia.

  2. After the peace agreement, authoritarian extractivism persists as rural development in Colombia

    Lyda Fernanda Forero, Danilo Urrea
    14 March 2018
    Article

    The results of the recent legislative elections only reinforce the authoritarian and militarised model of the last 16 years. What is peace?

  3. New President, the extreme right and popular resistance in Colombia

    Danilo Urrea, Lyda Fernanda Forero
    20 August 2018
    Article

    The outcome of the Colombian presidential elections will have dire political consequences, visible even before the new president took office last August 7.

  4. About drug law reform in Colombia

    30 August 2014
    Primer

    This page was originally published in August 2014, and last updated in June 2016.

    Although the legislative trend in Colombia has tended towards the criminalization of possession and consumption of psychoactive substances, decriminalization prevailed when it comes to jurisprudence. In addition, while the government of former President Álvaro Uribe Vélez (2002-2010) insisted on prohibiting, persecuting and punishing drug consumption through legislative and judicial channels, the country’s health sector, influenced by more progressive trends for dealing with consumption, made important progress in the areas of risk and harm reduction.

  5. Drug Laws and Prisons in Colombia

    03 December 2010

    During the 20th century, drug policies in Colombia were increasingly repressive, largely ineffective, and heavily influenced by the international legal framework that was put in place. In effect, in just a few years Colombia went from having a scattered set of regulations, with an emphasis on prevention and medical-administrative treatment, to having legislation abundant in definitions of criminal conduct and sanctions that included the full drug cycle, from production through marketing and trafficking to consumption.

     

  6. Thumbnail Amapola, opio y heroína

    Poppies, opium, and heroin: Production in Colombia and Mexico

    • Guillermo Andrés Ospina, Jorge Hernández Tinajero, Martin Jelsma
    16 April 2018
    Report

    Poppy cultivation in Mexico and Colombia is part of a local economy geared almost exclusively toward the illegal market abroad: it is driven by demand for heroin, primarily in the United States.

  7. Thumbnail

    The Victims and Land Restitution Law in Colombia in context

    • Paula Martínez Cortés
    13 January 2014
    Report

    Law 1448 has been promoted as a demonstration of ‘good will’ by Santos' government in Colombia. The law’s main objective is to provide recognition to the victims of the Colombian armed conflict. This stands in contrast to the policy of denial enacted by the previous government.

  8. Has incoming Colombian President Santos inherited a "Captured State"?

    Coletta Youngers
    09 August 2010
    Article

    Juan Manual Santos has inherited what some Colombian analysts call a “captured state” and those forces remain at the center of his own base of political support. As a result, many assume that a Santos administration means continuity – more of the same but perhaps with a gentler face. However, there are other, incipient positive signs of change.

  9. The Challenges of Medicinal Cannabis in Colombia

    • Nicolás Martínez Rivera
    29 October 2019
    Policy briefing

    In July 2016, the Colombian government enacted Law 1787, which regulates the use of medicinal cannabis and its trade in the country. With this decision and a series of subsequent resolutions, Colombia joined the more than a dozen countries that have put into practice different types of regulation to explore the advantages of this plant as an alternative pharmaceutical.

  10. Thumbnail

    Colombia: A Crusade in Tatters

    Ricardo Vargas
    17 November 2005
    Article
  11. Thumbnail

    Eradications and conflict in Colombia

    19 May 2008
    Article
    While the coca farmer is treated as a criminal the road to peace in the Colombian countryside will remain closed.

    Although more and more coca is being eradicated, production levels remain steady. According to the latest Annual Report of the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB), published in March 2008, more and more coca is being eradicated in South America. Despite this, the total area sown has remained stable in the region, as has the total production in metric tons of cocaine. In the case of Colombia, 23 per cent more was eradicated in 2006 than in 2005.

  12. Timeline - Fumigation in Colombia

    30 September 2015
    Infograph

    For 37 years Colombia has been spraying chemicals to combat illicit crops, particularly coca. These massive eradication programmes became part of the US-backed 'War on Drugs'. The fumigations are controversial for their proven inefficacy to reduce supply and demand for the use of herbicides such as glyphosate.

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  14. Colombian landscape

    Human nature as victim in Colombia

    Lyda Fernanda Forero
    17 March 2017
    Article

    "We are part of nature – human and non-human. The relationship between both and in permanent interaction creates ‘the territory’."

  15. Thumbnail

    Drug Cultivation, Fumigation and the Conflict in Colombia

    Ricardo Vargas
    01 October 1999
    Article
  16. About Colombia in Focus

    01 January 2010
    After decades of armed conflict, a peace process with the FARC-EP guerrilla movement was concluded in Colombia in 2016, serving as both a challenge and opportunity for the future of territorial peace, justice, and democracy in the country. In cooperation with local policymakers, experts, and social movements, TNI's work in Colombia revolves around the institute's cross-cutting expertise in trade policy, agrarian and environmental justice, and drug policy.
     
  17. USAID's Alternative Development policy in Colombia

    • Ricardo Vargas
    01 October 2011

    Alternative Development (AD) must not be part of a militarised security strategy, which is the predominant approach in Colombia. Instead of simply attempting to reduce the area planted with illicit crops, Alternative Development programmes should operate within the framework of a rural and regional development plan.

     

  18. Colombia Takes Step Towards Drug Decriminalization

    Elyssa Pachico
    25 August 2011
    Article

    Colombia's Supreme Court ruled against harsh punishments for small-time drug offenders, in a move towards easing up Colombia's zero-tolerance drug laws, which have achieved little in the fight against organized crime.

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