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  1. Twenty Years on, the Wa-Burmese Cease-fire looks shakier

    Tom Kramer
    24 April 2009
    Article
    The recent tension between the United Wa State Army (UWSA) and the Burmese military Government has led to speculation about a renewal of the armed conflict. Tom Kramer examines the two decades of cease fire.
  2. Drug report in Southeast Asia

    Martin Jelsma, Tom Kramer
    16 January 2009
    Article

    The assumption that reducing opium production would lead to less drug use has been proven wrong. It has instead contributed to a pattern of an increased use of stronger drugs and more harmful patterns of use.

  3. Withdrawal symptoms for Golden Triangle drug trade

    Martin Jelsma, Tom Kramer
    23 August 2008
    Article
    Opium production in the Golden Triangle has decreased significantly over the past decade. But the rapid decline has caused major suffering among former poppy-growing communities in Burma and Laos, making it difficult to characterise developments as a "success story".
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    Drugs and Conflict in Burma

    01 December 2005
    Article

    Burma

    Burma

    Burma/Myanmar is undergoing yet another humanitarian crisis while entering a new critical political stage. In the Kokang region, an opium ban was enforced in 2003, and since mid-2005 no more poppy growing has been allowed in the Wa region. Banning opium in these Shan State regions where most of the Burmese opiates were produced, adds another chapter to the long and dramatic history of drugs, conflict and human suffering.

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    A Downward Spiral

    01 December 2005
    Article

    The only viable and humane approach to reduce opium production may require easing the opium ban deadlines, while creating alternative livelihoods for opium farmers.

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    Drugs and Burma: Related websites and documents

    Drugs and Democracy
    17 November 2005
    Article

    Web resources on Burma and Drugs

  7. Opium Bans Will Cause Human Misery in Afghanistan and Burma

    17 November 2005
    Article

     

    Opium Bans Will Cause Human Misery in Afghanistan and Burma
    TNI/BCN (Burma Centre Netherlands) Press Release, 25 June 2005

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