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58 items
  1. Amphetamine Type Stimulants and Harm Reduction

    10 October 2011
    Policy briefing

    Little is known about the methamphetamine market in East and Southeast Asia, but there are strong indications that the situation is deteriorating with substances becoming stronger, methods of use more harmful and the number of users steadily increasing. There is an urgent need for donors and governments to introduce effective harm reduction measures.
     

  2. Amphetamine Type Stimulants and Harm Reduction

    • Tom Blickman
    10 October 2011
    Policy briefing

    Little is known about the methamphetamine market in East and Southeast Asia, but there are strong indications that the situation is deteriorating with substances becoming stronger, methods of use more harmful and the number of users steadily increasing. There is an urgent need for donors and governments to introduce effective harm reduction measures.
     

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    Unlevel Playing Field: Burma’s Election Landscape

    30 September 2010
    Policy briefing

    "Opposition parties participating in the process view boycotting the elections as a strategic mistake. The only way forward for them is to play a better game of chess, making the best strategic use of the limited space available."

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    A Changing Ethnic Landscape: Analysis of Burma's 2010 Polls

    14 December 2010
    Policy briefing

    "Burma is at a critical juncture in its history. The transition to a form of civilian government and constitutional rule is underway, however imperfect it may be."

  5. The Kachin Crisis: Peace Must Prevail

    • Burma Centrum Netherlands
    08 March 2013
    Policy briefing

    As 2012 progressed, perceptions of the real nature of change under the Thein Sein government were challenged by a series of disturbing events in which serious violence and mass displacement of civilians occurred in several parts of the country.

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    Ethnic Politics in Burma: The Time for Solutions

    14 February 2011
    Policy briefing

    Following the shake-up of Burmese politics last year, the country's military leaders now face the challenge of introducing a new system while ethnic tensions and exclusions remain.

  7. A landscape of ocean and land-control grabbing in Northern Tanintharyi, Myanmar

    • Mads Barbesgaard
    20 November 2018

    After a spout of optimism surrounding Myanmar’s so-called democratic transition in the post-2010 period, more recent work by CSOs and academics have emphasized the rampant and violent processes of land and ocean grabbing that this transition is facilitating. Drawing on a case from Northern Tanintharyi in the Southeast of the country, this article attempts to historicize contemporary accounts of these grabbing processes.

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    Ending Burma’s Conflict Cycle?

    21 February 2012
    Policy briefing

    Peace does not just involve the government and ethnic armed opposition groups, but involves all of Burma's citizens.

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    Ethnic Peace and Political Participation

    23 August 2012
    Report

    Ceasefires have been agreed; the NLD has elected representatives in the national legislatures; Western sanctions are being lifted; and the World Bank and other international agencies are returning to set up office in the country. Such developments are likely to have a defining impact on ethnic politics, which remains one of the central challenges facing the country today.

  10. Political Reform in Burma/Myanmar and Consequences for Ethnic Conflict

    • Burma Centrum Netherlands
    26 April 2013
    Policy briefing

    While there have been undeniably positive trends in Burma over the past year, these have not yet been translated into ethnic peace and justice. 

  11. Linking Women and Land in Myanmar

    03 February 2015
    Report

    What are the potential gender implications of the current land use policy draft in Myanmar? How might it be improved to promote and strengthen women’s land rights?

  12. Land Confiscations and Collective Action in Myanmar’s Dawei Special Economic Zone Area: Implications for Rural Democratization

    • Yukari Sekine
    04 February 2016
    Paper

    The recent political and economic liberalization in Burma/Myanmar, while indicative of some positive steps toward democratisation, has increased foreign and domestic investments and geared the economy toward industrialisation and large-scale agriculture. Land governance procedures and implementation tend to favour the more powerful and well-connected, with little protection mechanism for the majority smallholding farmers in the country.

  13. Pro-Business or Pro-Poor?

    23 October 2014
    Paper

    What are the potential implications for Myanmars majority rural working poor now after the unveiling of the much-awaited draft national land use policy?

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    HIV/AIDS and Drug Use in Burma/Myanmar

    01 May 2006

    The increasing number of injecting drug users (IDUs) and the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic in Burma presents one of the most serious health threats to the population in the country, and also to the region at large. Infection rates among IDUs in Burma are among the highest in the world. The international community needs to make a firm commitment to stem the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Burma and should ensure sufficient and long-term financial support for HIV/AIDS and harm reduction programmes.

     

  15. Bouncing Back

    • Ernestien Jensema, Martin Jelsma, Tom Kramer, Tom Blickman
    01 June 2014
    Report

    TNI's indepth examination of the illegal drug market in the Golden Triangle, which has witnessed a doubling of opium production, growing prison populations and repression of small-scale farmers. This report details the failure of ASEAN's 'drug free' strategy and the need for a new approach.

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    Burma's Cease-fires at Risk

    • Tom Kramer
    15 September 2009

    In August the Burma army occupied the Kokang region after several days of fighting, ending two decades of cease-fire with the ethnic minority group. The resumption of fighting in northern Burma raises speculation about the other cease-fires. Tensions are rising and the cease-fire groups have put their armed forces on high alert.

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    Burma’s 2010 Elections: Challenges and Opportunities

    08 June 2010
    Policy briefing

    The election process in Burma represents the most significant political transformation for a generation

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    Burma in 2010: A Critical Year in Ethnic Politics

    08 June 2010
    Policy briefing

    Resolution of Burma's longstanding ethnic crises is integral to the achievement of real peace, democracy and constitutional government

  19. First Southeast Asia Opium Farmers Forum Yangon 2013

    11 December 2013
    Report

    In July the First Southeast Asia Opium Farmers Forum was held, bringing together some 30 representatives of local communities involved in opium cultivation and local community workers from the major opium growing regions in Southeast Asia.
     

  20. Ethnic Politics and the 2015 Elections in Myanmar

    08 September 2015
    Policy briefing

    Myanmar is heading to the polls in November 2015, with an expected shift in power from the old elite to the opposition National League for Democracy (NLD). However it remains unclear whether the new political space created by the transition away from military rule will bring significant legislative power to ethnic nationality-based parties.

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