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    A view from a producer/trafficker country

    Ricardo Vargas
    11 March 1996
    Article
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    Cannabis use, a stepping stone to other drugs?

    31 December 1996

    publicationDoes smoking reefer lead to using other drugs, in daily practice usually described as cocaine and heroin? Raising the possibility that the answer to this question might be affirmative, is known as the stepping stone hypothesis. Recently this hypothesis has been raised again in slightly other terms: cannabis use as a “gateway” to other allegedly more dangerous drugs.

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  4. The Double Role of Drug Trafficking in State Terrorism and Militarized Democracy

    Samuel Blixen
    01 April 1997
    Article

    The Mexican army, that historically has maintained a stringent "nationalistic" stance towards the United States, now supports a form of militarization that, disguising itself as a "war on drugs", imposes a "democracy of national security".

  5. Radical Maneuvers

    Jayme Brener
    01 April 1997
    Article

    The increased willingness from Brazil and other countries to give a hand to the military efforts directed by the US, does not appear to be enough for Uncle Sam.

  6. The US & the War on Drugs: On the Wrong Path

    Coletta Youngers
    01 April 1997
    Article

    Despite Republican criticisms, the Clinton administration has largely continued the supply-side policies and strong-arm tactics laid out by its predecessors, Presidents Reagan and Bush.

  7. Argentina: Future Watchdog of the Americas?

    Adriana Rossi
    01 April 1997
    Article

    A surprising proposal presented to US President Bill Clinton by Argentine President Saul Menem during a visit in December 1996 to the White House seems to indicate a new role for the armed forces of this Latin American country.

  8. Colombia: The Heresy of the Manicheans

    Ricardo Vargas
    01 April 1997
    Article
    Alongside the emergence of a new social sector arising from the drug economy in Colombia, has been an increase in the use of violence against those State officials most committed to applying justice.
  9. Central America: On the Brink of a New War?

    Edgar Celada Q, Sandra Dávila
    01 April 1997
    Article

    The possibilities of a lasting peace in the region are placed in doubt by a new and silent war: one unleashed against drug trafficking, and in which the role of the region's armed forces remains unclear.

  10. Armed Forces and the Drug War: Between Garrisons, Caletas and Borders

    Ricardo Soberon
    01 April 1997
    Article

    On April 5, 1992, President Alberto Fujimori announced that the Armed Forces would take part in the war on drug trafficking, especially in the coca-producing valleys of the eastern strip of the Andes.

  11. Introduction: Damaging Side Effects - The War on Drugs

    Martin Jelsma
    01 April 1997
    Article

    The following essays present insights into the various levels of military involvement in the war on drugs and the implications of this involvement in terms of democracy and human rights in the Western hemisphere.

  12. Bolivia: Impunity and the Control of Corruption in the Fight Against Drugs

    Theo Roncken
    01 April 1997
    Article

    The narcotics police and the secret police have been implicated in cocaine trafficking in Bolivia since the late 1950s.

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    Colombia's Blowback

    Frank Smyth
    01 December 1997
    Article
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    Uruguay: Berríos the Bothersome Biochemist

    Samuel Blixen
    01 December 1997
    Article
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    Unfinished Business: The Military and Drugs in Honduras

    Thelma Mejía
    01 December 1997
    Article
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    Narco Jets and Police Protection in Bolivia

    Theo Roncken
    01 December 1997
    Article

    Anti-drug missions in Bolivia have frequently been transformed into public scandals. These scandals emphasize and sometimes prove the direct involvement of high government officials in drug trafficking and their protection of drug lords.

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    UNGASS Resolutions on the world drug problem

    22 February 1998

    Resolutions and declarations adopted at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem (UNGASS) in New York, June 8-10, 1998.

  18. Conclusions: Democracias bajo fuego

    Drugs and Democracy
    13 May 1998
    Article

    The only lasting solution to the political and social instability and the corruption of governments and security forces, which are linked to drug trafficking, lies in gradual decriminalization of the market.

  19. Introduction: Democracias bajo fuego

    Martin Jelsma, Theo Roncken
    13 May 1998
    Article

    Drug policies, as currently implemented, with their highly repressive nature, cause more problems than they solve in Latin America.

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