In a surprise result, it was announced on 3 December that Venezuelan voters have rejected the 69 reforms to the national Constitution proposed by President Hugo Chávez and the National Assembly.
The Venezuelan process is caught between a fundamental contradiction: popular demands for democratic participation against tendencies towards hierarchical decison-making and concentration of power.
A comprehensive study of the wide variety of leftist governments, parties and movements in the region, including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Uruguay and Venezuela
If participatory democracy spreads, the institutions of representative government may lose some power to the new participatory sphere.
The Indian government must give up its neo-liberal polices and obsession with GDP growth and shift its ideological centre of gravity leftwards.
In Greece, a radical left coalition is actively preparing for power in society and in parliament. Hilary Wainwright reports from Athens.