He was called a "socialist showman" and "elected autocrat", derided as a blind hater of the United States, and ridiculed as a demagogue who splurged his country's great oil wealth on ill-conceived populist schemes, distributed largesse to undeserving regimes in the neighbourhood, ran the nation's economy into the ground, and sharply polarised its society.
The only sensible approach is to treat violent acts by the Naxalites as crimes, bring them to book through legal processes, and to launch a huge development programme, based on improved governance, which creates rights to food, water, work, healthcare and education.
In Canada, participatory budgeting is being applied in new ways,
generating new strategies for progressive urban politics. This paper
explores the initial Canadian experiences with participatory budgeting:
Guelph's Neighbourhood Support Coalition, Toronto Community Housing's
Tenant Participation System, and Ridgeview School's participatory
budget in Vancouver, as well as the City of Toronto's 'Listening to
Toronto' budget consultations.