Plus de trois ans après l’adoption des Directives sur le foncier, l’accaparement des terres et des ressources naturelles sous toutes ses formes se poursuit sans relâche à travers le monde, avec des effets dévastateurs sur les communautés locales et l’environnement, accompagnés de violations des droits humains. La mise en œuvre et l’application des Directives sur le foncier restent donc une question d’extrême urgence.
More than three years after the adoption of the Tenure Guidelines land and natural resource grabs in all forms continue unabated around the world, visiting their devastating impacts on local communities, environments with related human rights violations. The implementation and application of the Tenure Guidelines, therefore, remains a matter of extreme urgency.
The convergence of multiple crises – food, energy, environmental, climate change and finance – in combination with the rise of important global political economic players has triggered profound agrarian and environmental transformations worldwide. There is a global rush to control natural resources in order to produce food, fuel, and energy for climate change mitigation and adaptation purposes; partly as a result of financialization of agriculture, nature, food systems and farmland. How does one govern such complex and fluid ‘value webs’?
De Correspondent - Ruim een jaar geleden stuitte ik op een mysterie: Roemeense boeren ontdekten dat hun land, zonder medeweten, was verkocht. Met collega Sorin Semeniuc volgde ik een jaar lang het financiële spoor en kwam ik uit bij Rabobank. De Nederlandse bank heeft middels een fonds vele miljoenen in Roemeense landbouwgrond geïnvesteerd. Hoe zijn ze aan die grond gekomen?
The bioeconomy is promoted as a response to current global social and environmental crises, with its promise of replacing fossil fuels with ‘renewable’ biological resources. How does it play out on the ground? Who wins and who loses? And what are the alternatives?
Democratic land control is inseparable from human rights. Demands for democratic land control need to be understood in the context of broadly distinct political conditions that in turn each require distinct political intervention, namely, respect/protect, promote, and/or restore democratic land control.
Agri Holland - Minister Koenders van Buitenlandse Zaken en staatssecretaris Dijksma van Economische Zaken hebben geen aanwijzing dat er in de Europese Unie stelselmatig sprake is van onrechtmatige grondverwerving.
Deutsche Welle - Europe was thought to be spared global investors' growing appetite for farmland. But a new study shows that they've long since sunk their teeth into the EU. In some areas, foreign investors own over a third of farmland.
Industrial tree plantations (ITP), as a newly emerging sector, is expanding quickly and massively in Southern China, involving foreign corporations (including Finnish and Indonesian) tied to a variety of domestic partners, both state and corporate. In some places, the villagers embrace the land deals, while in others these land deals have provoked conflicts.
The Bangkok-based Sino-Thai company Choern Pakard Group (CP Group), Asia's largest and most prominent agro-food/feed corporation, has led an industrial maize contract farming scheme with (ex-)poppy upland smallholders in Shan State, northern Myanmar to supply China’s chicken-feed market. Thailand, as a Middle-Income Country (MIC) and regional powerhouse, has long-tapped China’s phenomenal economic growth and undersupplied consumer demand.
Since the liberalization of the Sino-Soviet border, Chinese peasants, migrants, and investors have been actively engaged in agriculture in the Russian Far East (RFE). These range from agricultural laborers contracted by labor-exporting firms, to farmers who have set up their own small and medium-sized farms.
China is one of the major investors in hydropower development in mainland Southeast Asia, yet Chinese involvement in hydropower varies across the region. Popular and expert viewpoints on China’s investment in hydropower also vary widely.
Development cooperation is an increasingly prominent focus in Chinese foreign diplomacy, and a central justification for Chinese firms’ engagement in large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) across the global South.
As Brazil and China become the world’s leading exporter and importer of soybeans respectively, Chinese companies have sought investments in Brazil to wrest greater control over the flows and profits of the international soybean trade from North Atlantic-based transnational companies. While some promote these as positive “South-South cooperation”, many others condemn them as neocolonial “land grabs” that displace peasants, cause environmental degradation, and deindustrialize the Brazilian economy.