The ninth Latin America informal drug policy dialogue was devoted to "dilemmas in regulation of the cannabis market." The two-day dialogues were structured around seven sessions: (1) The Uruguayan proposal for cannabis regulation: dilemmas and challenges. (2) Current models of regulation: United States, Spain and the Netherlands. (3) The fine art of regulation: state monopoly vs. self-regulated market which works better and for whom? (4) Addressing cross-border differences and market mobility. (5) Tensions between cannabis regulation and international drug-control treaties: What options do governments have? (6) Cannabis reforms under way in Latin America. (7) Strategy and paths to reform: scenarios and next steps.
Two years after the Declaration of Latin Judges in Oporto, in line with the report by the Global Commission on Drug Policy in June 2011, judges from several Latin countries drafted the Rome Declaration insisting that the “global war on drugs” has been a failure in view of the very serious consequences it has entailed for individuals and society worldwide.
A group of judges from different countries gathered in Porto, Portugal, and drafted the Declaration of Porto in which they state that "public drug policies have proved an outright failure, as they have neither achieved their desired goals of reducing drug consumption, nor been able to effectively persecute large criminal organisations."