This Primer promotes a deeper understanding and appreciation of Myanmar's customary tenure systems, which are under threat from the government's new land policies. It looks at the nature and origin of traditional land and resource use customs and the functions these fulfill in Mayanmar's rural communities.
Shifting cultivation is a form of agro-forestry in which the cultivation of annual agricultural crops is combined with fallowing long enough for trees to grow before the plot is cultivated again. Why is shifting cultivation so controversial, and why do different stakeholders hold such divergent views - for some a valuable and honourable tradition but for others virtually a criminal activity?
Michel Bauwens, Vasilis Kostakis, Stacco Troncoso, Ann Marie Utratel
09 May 2017
How do we define the Commons? And how can the concept be used to achieve social, political and economic change? This primer explores the potential of the Commons together with Peer to Peer (P2P) to form a system based on the needs of civil society and its environment. This offers a viable alternative to obsolete, centrally planned systems or the amorality of market economies. We look at how basing civil society on P2P dynamics and Commons practices could enable a more egalitarian, just, and environmentally sustainable society.
For more than ten years, TNI’s Drugs & Democracy programme has been studying the UN drug control conventions and the institutional architecture of the UN drug control regime. As we approach the 2016 UNGASS, this primer is a tool to better understand the role of these conventions, the scope and limits of their flexibility, the mandates they established for the CND, the INCB and the WHO, and the various options for treaty reform.