The joint report produced by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and INTERPOL in 2016 paints a rather grim picture of the extent of environmental crime worldwide. It identifies it as the fourth largest criminal enterprise globally, right behind drug smuggling, counterfeiting, and human trafficking. Two questions are worth pondering here: to quote George Monbiot, how did we get into this mess and what can we do about it?
In Canada, participatory budgeting is being applied in new ways,
generating new strategies for progressive urban politics. This paper
explores the initial Canadian experiences with participatory budgeting:
Guelph's Neighbourhood Support Coalition, Toronto Community Housing's
Tenant Participation System, and Ridgeview School's participatory
budget in Vancouver, as well as the City of Toronto's 'Listening to
Toronto' budget consultations.