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  1. Why failing to include investment issues at WTO should be celebrated

    13 December 2017
    Press release

    A push by 39 WTO members, including China, Russia, the EU, Argentina, Brazil and Mexico to reintroduce formal discussions on investment facilitation at the 11th World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial conference has failed.

  2. Achin Vanaik

    Profile
    Fellow

    A TNI Fellow since 1987, Achin Vanaik is a Retired Professor of International Relations and former Head of Department of Political Science at the University of Delhi, and a life-long activist for nuclear disarmament. He is active member in the Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament and Peace (India), and in the Indian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel working to pressure...

  3. Newsletter archives

    01 October 2009

    Archives of TNI's newsletter

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    National Security Archives

    17 November 2005
    Article
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    Pinochet Watch archives

    15 June 2006
    Article

    Archives of Pinochet Watch, a former electronic news service of the Institute for Policy Studies.

  6. The Letelier archive

    01 June 2016
    Topic

    On 21 September 1976 Chilean secret service agents set off a car bomb in Washington DC killing TNI's director, Orlando Letelier along with Ronni Moffitt, a fundraiser for the Institute for Policy Studies. Here you will find an overview of dossiers, articles and news related to this brutal assassination, from the steps taken to bring the persons primarily responsible for his assassination to justice, to the The Letelier-Moffitt Human Rights Awards: An award given in honor of our fallen colleagues while celebrating new heroes of the human rights movement from the United States and the Americas.

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    A Failed Balance

    • Tom Blickman, Martin Jelsma, Ricardo Vargas, Amira Armenta, Virgina Montañés
    20 March 2002
    Policy briefing

    This Drugs & Conflict debate paper elucidates the analysis TNI contributed to a high-level international policy conference to evaluate 25 years of Alternative Development.

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    A Failed Balance

    • Martin Jelsma, Ricardo Vargas
    01 March 2002

    In the area of failed alternative development (AD) projects, the Andean region has its sorry share to contribute. The constant peasant uprisings n the Bolivian Chapare and the social tensions rife among cocalero peasants in the South of Colombia are woeful indicators of such failure. In January, TNI attended a conference in Germany, hosted by the German government and UNDCP. The purpose was to critically evaluate experiences in AD and draw conclusions for its future.

    application-pdfDownload the briefing (PDF)

    In 1961, the UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs prohibited planting crops having no medical or scientific purpose, fixing a period of 15 years - for opium - and 25 years - for coca - as deadlines for their ultimate extinction. Those targets were clearly not met. In 1998, ignoring decades of lack of success in addressing the issue of illicit crops, the UN set the year 2008 as yet another deadline by which to eliminate coca and opium. At the UN Special Session on drugs, AD was identified as a key instrument to be used in fulfilling this objective, as part of an integral anti-drugs strategy. The strategy's other components were eradication and law enforcement. Experience has demonstrated that the simultaneous use of these means - commonly known as the 'carrot and stick approach'- is counterproductive.

    This issue of Drugs & Conflict is dedicated to this central theme in international drug control policies. Supply reduction, one of AD's objectives, has proven a failure in the Andean region. To what was this failure due? What may be expected of AD programmes in the future, given the accumulated experiences?

    In reference to eradication pacts and AD projects undertaken in the Putumayo (Colombia), Ricardo Vargas points out that there is no fair compensation between what is expected of peasants: destroying the main source of their livelihood, and what the state offers them in exchange: non-viable projects doomed to fail and the impending threat of fumigation should deadlines not be met. International anti-drugs policy forces the Colombian government to measure its results by the number of hectares eradicated, without regard for the region's specific development conditions.

    State institutions in Colombia have no capacity to operate effectively in the Putumayo. Locked into a crisis combining US pressure to intensify aerial spraying, a collapsed peace process and guerrilla action against the economic and services infrastructure, the central government is not in a position to guarantee the adequate running of AD programmes. To add fuel to fire, there is now the argument that finance for terrorism must be combated. This further erodes the social and economic rights of the peasants and down-plays the impact of aerial spraying on health and the environment.

    In spite of widespread recognition of the failure of current 'carrot and stick' policies (a mixture of AD and repression), a 'zero option' mentality persists and deceit about success still abounds. The final declaration issued at the German policy conference is not radical in this sense. It does, however, offer some leaps forward in terms of fine tuning the AD concept, based on a better understanding of livelihood decision making processes, the importance of regular evaluations and, the acceptance of the reality that the communities most affected have not been allowed to participate sufficiently in their own development process. The declaration also manages to define somewhat more precisely the troublesome balance between AD and repressive law enforcement. It is worth noting that the UNDCP participated actively in the conference, displaying real willingness to seriously exchange opinions on these issues. This yields a modicum of optimism regarding the possibility that international bodies can learn to identify best practices and see the need to separate these from the current repressive policies, increasingly recognised as more harmful than drugs themselves.

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    Angola, "Failed" yet "Successful"

    David Sogge
    07 May 2009
    Article
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    US's failing Iraq strategy

    Praful Bidwai
    12 March 2007
    Article
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    Falling Ratings Reflect Failing Trust

    Boris Kagarlitsky
    15 November 2005
    Article
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    Failing the mission? Form a commission

    Saul Landau
    01 May 2006
    Article
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    Modi's modus operandi failing in Gujarat

    Praful Bidwai
    17 December 2007
    Article
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    Failing the foreign policy test

    Praful Bidwai
    06 October 2007
    Article
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    Capitalism has failed: Face the facts

    Saul Landau
    12 March 2009
    Article
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    Both Impunity and Immunity May Fail Pinochet

    Gustavo González
    19 October 1998
    Article

    The arrest of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet in London has opened a new chapter in the fight against the impunity enjoyed by human rights violators in Chile.

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    Obama's rescue plan is doomed to fail

    Boris Kagarlitsky
    22 January 2009
    Article
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    Kyoto fails indigenous peoples on climate justice

    Heidi Bachram
    01 December 2005
    Article
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    Maliki Offensive and Bush Iraq Strategy Failing

    Phyllis Bennis
    31 March 2008
    Article
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    Iraqi government fails in challenging al Sadr

    Phyllis Bennis
    08 April 2008
    Article

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