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  1. The UN Drug Control Conventions

    • Amira Armenta, Martin Jelsma
    08 October 2015
    Primer

    For more than ten years, TNI’s Drugs & Democracy programme has been studying the UN drug control conventions and the institutional architecture of the UN drug control regime. As we approach the 2016 UNGASS, this primer is a tool to better understand the role of these conventions, the scope and limits of their flexibility, the mandates they established for the CND, the INCB and the WHO, and the various options for treaty reform.

  2. Las convenciones de drogas de la ONU

    • Amira Armenta, Martin Jelsma
    07 October 2015
    Primer

    Durante más de diez años, el programa Drogas y Democracia del TNI ha estudiado las convenciones de control de drogas y la arquitectura institucional del régimen de control de drogas de la ONU. Ahora que se aproxima la UNGASS de 2016, esta guía básica es una herramienta para comprender mejor el papel de estos convenios, el alcance y los límites de su flexibilidad, los mandatos que ellos establecen para la CND, la JIFE y la OMS, así como las diversas opciones que existen para la reforma de los tratados.

  3. IDPC recommendations for the "ZERO DRAFT" of the UNGASS outcome document

    • International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC)
    22 July 2015

    Preparations are gathering pace for the United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on drugs, to be held on the 19th to 21st April 2016 in New York. Following several months of discussion on procedural elements, attention is now focused on negotiating the content of the "short, substantive, concise and action-orientated outcome document comprising a set of operational recommendations" to be approved by the General Assembly next April. At the CND intersessional meeting on 12th June, countries and regional groups were invited to submit their first ideas for what could be included in this Outcome Document, by a deadline of 11th September.

  4. Considerar despenalización de las drogas, pide la ONU

    27 June 2015
    Other news

    En un cambio profundo respecto a su posición tradicional sobre el fenómeno de los estupefacientes, los máximos funcionarios de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU) llamaron a la comunidad internacional a considerar la despenalización del consumo de drogas. 

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    Uruguay se planta otra vez ante Naciones Unidas por marihuana

    25 June 2015
    Other news

    El gobierno volverá a defender ante Naciones Unidas (ONU) su política para combatir el narcotráfico. La Junta Nacional de Drogas presentará un informe al Alto Comisionado para los Derechos Humanos de ONU en el que defenderá, entre otras cosas, la regulación del mercado de la marihuana a pesar de las repetidas críticas del organismo internacional. El documento que se presentará ante ONU reclama una discusión "sin tabúes". La ONU, en tanto, señala que la ley que aprobó Uruguay "es incompatible con lo dispuesto en la Convención de 1961".

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    "Las penas de prisión no curan las adicciones"

    25 June 2015
    Other news

    El ministro de Justicia de Colombia, Yesid Reyes Alvarado, reiteró la necesidad de adecuar a nivel global el enfoque en la lucha contra las drogas, propuesta que llevará un grupo de países ante la ONU en abril de 2016. "No se trata de desconocer las convenciones internacionales, sino de ajustar su interpretación reconociendo que en los últimos 40 años la lucha contra las drogas no ha funcionado como se esperaba", señaló el ministro. "Estamos muy cerca de la descriminalización del consumo de drogas."

  7. The 2015 Commission on Narcotic Drugs

    • International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC)
    14 June 2015

    The international drug control regime is facing the most profound challenge of its existence. Member states have for some time been experimenting with new responses to the ‘world drug problem’; however, the advent of legally regulated cannabis markets has resulted in a ratcheting up of these challenges to expose the system to new levels of strain. With the 2016 UN General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on the world drug problem fast approaching, how will the international community make use of the opportunity it provides for a free and open debate?

  8. Lib Dem leadership candidate Norman Lamb calls for cannabis legalisation

    31 May 2015
    Other news

    The Liberal Democrat leadership candidate Norman Lamb has called for the UK to legalise, regulate and tax the sale of cannabis.

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    Mercosur avala "nuevos enfoques" en políticas de drogas de cara a UNGASS 2016

    15 May 2015
    Other news

    El Mercosur valida la existencia de "todos los enfoques, inclusive los nuevos, fundamentados en evidencia científica" que puedan contribuir "a los desafíos surgidos en los últimos años" respecto a políticas antidrogas. Un documento enumera los puntos de convergencia de los Estados miembros en preparación hacia la Sesión Especial de la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas sobre el problema mundial de las drogas en abril de 2016 (UNGASS 2016). El marco legal de las Convenciones de la ONU sobre drogas "es suficientemente amplio y flexible", por lo que "permite abordar las distintas experiencias nacionales".

  10. The new drug warriors

    01 May 2015
    Other news

    The war on drugs is edging towards a truce. Half of Americans want to lift the ban on cannabis. America’s change of heart has led many to wonder if the UN conventions might be reformed to legalise some drugs and treat the use of others as a problem requiring health measures, not criminal or military ones. But as America has drawn back from prohibition, new drug warriors are stepping up to defend it. Russia is foremost among them. “The Russians have taken over the hard-line role that the US used to play,” says Martin Jelsma of the Transnational Institute.

  11. 2016: The UN's year to take on drugs

    26 April 2015
    Other news

    Global disagreement over drug policies provides an important opportunity to reconsider the effectiveness of existing counternarcotics policies, address their problematic side effects, and propose evidence-based alternative strategies. Because of the differences in attitudes on drug policy around the world, a substantial revision of existing counternarcotics treaties is unlikely at UNGASS 2016. (See also: Improving global drug policy: Comparative perspectives and UNGASS 2016)

  12. The Road to UNGASS 2016

    • International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC)
    14 April 2015

    On 19th to 21st April 2016, there will be a United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) held in New York, dedicated to the issue of drug policy. The General Assembly is the highest policy making and representative organ of the United Nations (UN), and its infrequent Special Sessions focus on pertinent topics at the request of member states. The UNGASS on drugs has the potential to be a ground-breaking, open debate about the international drug control system – but there is much work to be done to ensure that it fulfils that potential.

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    Jamaica busca liderar debate mundial sobre despenalización de marihuana

    19 March 2015
    Other news

    Jamaica, que recientemente despenalizó el consumo de marihuana para propósitos medicinales y terapéuticos, se propone ahora liderar la discusión a nivel internacional sobre este asunto. "Jamaica tiene la intención de participar y liderar, si es necesario, el proceso en las Naciones Unidas para que los tratados internacionales sean enmendados", expresó el ministro de Industria, Anthony Hylton.

  14. Jamaica to lead charge to change int'l treaties on marijuana

    17 March 2015
    Other news

    Minister of Industry, Investment and Commerce, Anthony Hylton, says Jamaica intends to lead a charge in the United Nations to effect changes to the international treaties concerning marijuana. The aim is to change the schedule class of marijuana in light of scientific studies that have proven its therapeutic benefits and medicinal value. "Jamaica intends to participate, and to lead, if necessary, a process in the United Nations to have those treaties amended," Hylton said.

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    La ONU ante una posible flexibilización de los tratados contra las drogas

    Luis Lidón
    16 March 2015
    Other news

    Para Martin Jelsma del Transnational Institute existe "mucha confusión" sobre la idea de una interpretación más abierta de los tratados, y no todos se refieren a lo mismo. Una regulación legal del mercado de cannabis no se puede legitimar con una "interpretación flexible" de las convenciones, como pretende Estados Unidos. "El miedo de los países a hablar sobre modificaciones de los tratados radica también en el hecho de que solamente piensan en la forma de enmiendas o nuevo tratado, y ven que sería imposible llegar a cualquier consenso en el actual clima polarizado", explica Jelsma.

  16. The UN’s prohibitionism impedes drug policy reform

    16 March 2015
    Other news

    The U.N. commission on drugs insists that the ultimate goal of its prohibitionist drug policy is to ensure “the mental and physical health and welfare of humankind.”

  17. TNI calls for a wide-ranging and open debate that considers all options at UNGASS 2016

    Martin Jelsma
    11 March 2015
    Article

    Just over one year away from the 2016 UNGASS, denying the reality that the drug policy landscape has fundamentally changed and that tensions with the UN drug conventions are occuring, is no longer a credible option. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon urged member states to use the 2016 UNGASS on drugs "to conduct a wide-ranging and open debate that considers all options." TNI calls for a special advisory group that should be tasked with recommending how to better deal with the contentious issues following the 2016 UNGASS, in preparation for the next UN high-level review in 2019.

  18. TNI llama a un debate amplio y abierto que considere todas las opciones en la UNGASS 2016

    Martin Jelsma
    10 March 2015
    Press release

    A poco más de un año de la UNGASS 2016, no tiene ninguna credibilidad negar la realidad de que el panorama de la política de drogas ha cambiado y que se está violando el sistema. El Secretario General Ban Ki-moon instó a los Estados miembros a utilizar la UNGASS 2016 sobre drogas para "llevar a cabo un debate amplio y abierto que considere todas las opciones". TNI llama a armar un grupo consultivo de expertos que abarque cuestiones clave y desarrolle recomendaciones para lidiar mejor con temas polémicos después de la UNGASS 2016, en preparación de la próxima revisión de alto nivel de la ONU en 2019.

  19. The ketamine controversy, continued

    Martin Jelsma
    06 March 2015
    Opinion

    The Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in Vienna will decide next week between two opposite proposals by China and the WHO about international control of ketamine, an essential anaesthetic in human and veterinary medicine. China originally proposed bringing ketamine under the 1971 Convention’s most severe control regime of Schedule I, which would dramatically affect its availability for surgery in poor rural settings and emergency situations. The WHO Expert Committee reviewed all the evidence and advised against any international control of ketamine, arguing it would trigger a public health disaster.

  20. UN drugs body warns US states and Uruguay over cannabis legalisation

    03 March 2015
    Other news

    The United Nations has renewed its warnings to Uruguay and the US states of Colorado and Washington that their cannabis legalisation policies fail to comply with the international drug treaties.

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