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    Drugs and Conflict in Burma (Myanmar)

    • Martin Jelsma, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    15 December 2003
    Policy briefing

    This issue of Drugs & Conflict tries to bring nuance to the polarised debate on the Rangoon-focussed political agenda, the demonising of the ceasefire groups and repressive drug policy approaches.

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    Drugs and Conflict in Burma

    01 December 2005
    Article

    Burma

    Burma

    Burma/Myanmar is undergoing yet another humanitarian crisis while entering a new critical political stage. In the Kokang region, an opium ban was enforced in 2003, and since mid-2005 no more poppy growing has been allowed in the Wa region. Banning opium in these Shan State regions where most of the Burmese opiates were produced, adds another chapter to the long and dramatic history of drugs, conflict and human suffering.

  3. Drugs and Conflict in Burma

    08 February 2011

    Burma/Myanmar is undergoing yet another humanitarian crisis while entering a new critical political stage. In the Kokang region, an opium ban was enforced in 2003, and since mid-2005 no more poppy growing has been allowed in the Wa region. Banning opium in these Shan State regions where most of the Burmese opiates were produced, adds another chapter to the long and dramatic history of drugs, conflict and human suffering.

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    Ending Burma’s Conflict Cycle?

    21 February 2012
    Policy briefing

    Peace does not just involve the government and ethnic armed opposition groups, but involves all of Burma's citizens.

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    Assessing Burma/Myanmar’s New Government

    19 April 2012
    Policy briefing

    Burma is in the midst of its most important period of political transition in over two decades. TNI and BCN hosted a conference to look at the challenges and opportunities in five key areas: politics, ethnic relations, the economy, social and humanitarian affairs, and the international landscape.

  6. Tackle Burma's Drugs Problem

    Martin Jelsma, Tom Kramer
    05 April 2012
    Article

    Policy priorities should focus on how best to manage and reduce the many health and social harms associated with the reality of a persistent and ever changing drugs market. 

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    Burma in the Global Drug Market

    Martin Jelsma
    17 November 2005
    Article

    The potential humanitarian costs should lead the international community to take a precautionary approach on the issue of drugs prohibition in Burma and its neighbouring countries.

  8. Sobre Myanmar in Focus

    08 December 2015

    El proyecto Myanmar in Focus del TNI reúne la base de conocimientos de todo el instituto en materia de comercio e inversión, y políticas agrarias y de drogas, y la comparte con la sociedad civil (étnica) y con actores políticos del país en un momento crítico de transición política. El proyecto, en colaboración con organizaciones locales, también desarrolla análisis en profundidad y propuestas para abordar los conflictos étnicos del país. El contenido de este proyecto solo está disponible en inglés.

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    Drugs and Burma: Related websites and documents

    Drugs and Democracy
    17 November 2005
    Article

    Web resources on Burma and Drugs

  10. Policy Reform Needed to Stem Burma’s Resurgent Drug Trade

    02 June 2014
    In the media

    The resurgence of the illicit drugs trade in Burma in recent years is the result of flawed drug control policies by Burma and its neighbors, a new report says. It urges regional governments to reform their repressive policies in order to better address the trade’s underlying causes, such as rural poverty, and the impact of a rise in drug use.

  11. Myanmar elections mute ethnic voices

    Brian McCartan
    30 June 2010
    In the media

    Two reports by TNI published earlier this month have raised critical issues surrounding the upcoming elections in Burma, expected sometime later in 2010. Below, a piece from the Asia Times looks at these in the context of the country's complex political situation.

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    Burma's Cease-fires at Risk

    • Tom Kramer
    15 September 2009

    In August the Burma army occupied the Kokang region after several days of fighting, ending two decades of cease-fire with the ethnic minority group. The resumption of fighting in northern Burma raises speculation about the other cease-fires. Tensions are rising and the cease-fire groups have put their armed forces on high alert.

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    Burma’s ethnic militias play waiting game

    24 September 2009
    In the media

    The maps say the town of Mong La is located in Burma but to the casual observer it could be China.

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    Burma's Junta Intensifies Bid For Unification

    25 September 2009
    In the media
    The maps say that the town of Mong La is located in Burma, but to the casual observer, it could be China.
  15. Myanmar returns to what sells: Heroin

    Thomas Fuller
    03 January 2015
    Article

    A decade ago, Myanmar seemed on course to wipe out the opium fields and heroin jungle labs along its eastern border, the notorious Golden Triangle. Today, valley after valley in these mist-shrouded mountains is covered with resplendent opium poppies, tended by farmers who perch on steep hillsides to harvest the plant’s sticky, intoxicating sap.

  16. The Meaning of Land in Myanmar

    • Jennifer Franco, Hannah Twomey, Khu Khu Ju, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    28 January 2016
    Primer

    “Land is like our vein; it is vital for our living. After our land was confiscated, we don’t know what to do for our livelihood,” says a farmer from Kachin State in Myanmar. Today many inhabitants of rural communities in Myanmar live under threat of losing their lands in a battle for resources spurred by ethnic conflict, exploitative land laws, and powerful economic actors. The existence of a legal right to the land does not translate into that right being respected in practice, and people across the country are now working to protect their right to the land.

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    Ethnic Politics in Burma: The Time for Solutions

    14 February 2011
    Policy briefing

    Following the shake-up of Burmese politics last year, the country's military leaders now face the challenge of introducing a new system while ethnic tensions and exclusions remain.

  18. TNI-BCN Burma Project: Publications

    20 May 2010

    Publications produced by and related to the TNI-BCN Burma Project

  19. Opium Bans Will Cause Human Misery in Afghanistan and Burma

    17 November 2005
    Article

     

    Opium Bans Will Cause Human Misery in Afghanistan and Burma
    TNI/BCN (Burma Centre Netherlands) Press Release, 25 June 2005

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