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77 items
  1. Guiding Drug Law Reform in Myanmar

    • Drug Policy Advocacy Group
    29 November 2017
    Report

    A draft bill amending Myanmar 1993 Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Law was published in newspapers in March 2017 for public consultation. It was subsequently discussed in the upper house of Parliament (Amyothar Hluttaw) on 16 August 2017.

  2. Myths and risks of the EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement

    • Cecilia Olivet, Pietje Vervest
    21 September 2017
    Policy briefing

    As the signing of the EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement (IPA) draws near, concerns over the secrecy surrounding the agreement’s negotiations and the risks it poses abound, alongside many myths about its potential benefits.

  3. Panglong monument with Shwedagon replica in background

    Beyond Panglong: Myanmar’s National Peace and Reform Dilemma

    19 September 2017
    Policy briefing

    As ethnic conflict and refugee displacement continue in Myanmar’s borderlands, the country now stands at a crossroads. After decades under military rule, the 21st Century Panglong Conference has been welcomed as the most important initiative to achieve countrywide peace and political reform since the Panglong Conference of February 1947. Worrying failings, however, are starting to appear, raising many warnings from the country’s troubled history.

  4. ကမာၻလံုးဆိုင္ရာ တားျမစ္သီးႏွံပင္ စိုက္ပ်ိဳးထုတ္လုပ္သူမ်ားညီလာခံ (GFPPP)

    31 May 2017
    Report

    ေယဘုယ်အားျဖင့္ ကမာၻလံုးဆိုင္ရာ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးေရးရာ မူ၀ါဒစကား၀ိုင္းအတြင္း ကိုကာရြက္၊ ဘိန္းပင္ႏွင့္ ေဆးေျခာက္ပင္ စိုက္ပ်ိဳးထုတ္လုပ္မႈအတြင္း ပါ၀င္လ်က္ရွိသည့္ထိခိုက္ခံလူထုလူတန္းစားမ်ား၏ အသံမ်ား ေပ်ာက္ဆံုးလ်က္ရွိသျဖင့္ ၂၀၁၆ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ က်င္းပခဲ့သည့္ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြညီလာခံ၏ ကမာၻ႔မူးယစ္ ေဆး၀ါးျပႆနာဆို္င္ရာ အထူးအစီအစဥ္(UNGASS)မွ ခ်န္လွပ္ခံရႏိုင္သည့္ အရဲစြန္႔ရမႈအႏၱရာယ္ရွိလာခဲ့သည္။

  5. Displaced Karenni villagers

    Re-Asserting Control: Voluntary Return, Restitution and the Right to Land for IDPs and Refugees in Myanmar

    23 May 2017
    Policy briefing

    For people affected by displacement, land is much more than just an economic asset. Being able to return to one’s original place is a deeply felt aspiration about restoring the social relations that constitute a person’s identity. The long-standing displacement of people, land-grabbing and non-existence of rights to land in many parts of the country mean that land reform and land restitution must be a central issue in any peace settlement. What happens today with the land is inextricably tied to the country’s future prospects for peace and democracy.

  6. Infograph: Found in the dark

    31 March 2017
    Infograph
  7. သမုဒၵရာႏွင့္ ေရေအာက္သယံဇာတမ်ားကို ျခံခတ္သိမ္းဆည္းျခင္း

    16 March 2017
    Report

    အထက္ေအာက္ဆန္သည့္ထိန္းသိမ္း ေစာင့္ေရွာက္ေရးစီမံကိန္းမ်ား၊ သဘာ၀ခရီးသြားလုပ္ငန္း၊ အၾကီးစားေရထြက္ကုန္ေမြးျမဴေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား သည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲလ်က္ရွိသည္။ ျမန္မာ့ကမ္းရိုးတန္းတစ္ေလွ်ာက္ႏွင့္ ကုန္းတြင္းေရေအာက္သယံဇာတမ်ားသည္ က်ယ္ျပန့္ေသာ္လည္း ယင္းအေျပာင္းအလဲျဖစ္စဥ္မ်ားႏွင့္ အရင္းအျမစ္မ်ားမွ မည္သူတို ့အက်ိဳးအျမတ္ ခံစားခြင့္ရရွိေနေၾကာင္း၊ ထိုအရင္းအျမစ္မ်ားကို မည္သူတို့လက္လွမ္းမီ အသံုးခ်လ်က္ရွိေၾကာင္း၊ မည္သူတိို့ထိန္းခ်ဳပ္စီမံလ်က္ရွိေၾကာင္း အေရးတစ္ၾကီးေမးခြန္းေမးစရာရွိလာသည္။

  8. Enclosing the oceans and our aquatic resources

    16 March 2017
    Report

    Top-down conservation projects, (Eco-)tourism, large-scale aquaculture and the expansion of industrial infrastructure are transforming Myanmar. Myanmar's coastal and inland aquatic resources are vast, but these evolving processes and dynamics raise important questions about who benefits from using these resources, who gets to access them and where control lies.

  9. ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရွိ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးျပႆနာမ်ားက ကိုင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္းျခင္း -

    02 March 2017
    Policy briefing

    ဤမူ၀ါဒသံုးသပ္ခ်က္အက်ဥ္းကို ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ မူးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးေရးရာ ျပႆနာအတိမ္အနက္ကို နက္နက္နဲနဲျဖင့္ အက်ယ္တ၀င့္နားလည သေဘာေပါက္သည့္ ျပည္တြင္းႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားက ၁ ေရးဆြဲျပဳစုထားျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ သံုးသပ္ခ်က္ကို ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ အခင္းအက်င္းႏွင့္ လိုက္ေလ်ာညီေထြရွိ၍ ခိုင္မာအားေကာင္းသည့္ ေထာက္ခံအၾကံျပဳခ်က္မ်ား အသီးသီးပါရွိေနသည့္ မဟာဗ်ဴဟာေျမာက အေရးယူေဆာင္ရြက္ခ်က္ (၅) ရပ္အေပၚ အေျခတည္၍ ျပဳစုေရးသားထားျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ သံုးသပ္ခ်က္အတြင္း ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံႏွင့္ ကမာၻအႏွံ႔မ ယံုၾကည္အားထားရေလာက္သည့္ ေနာက္ဆံုးရ သတင္းအခ်က္အလက္မ်ားႏွင့္ အေထာက္အထားအေျချပဳ အေလ့အထ သာဓကမ်ား ပါ၀င္လ်က္ရွိသည္။

  10. Addressing drug problems in Myanmar

    28 February 2017
    Policy briefing
    Time has come to embrace a different approach and adopt policies that are based on public health, community safety, human rights and development. Only such policies will deliver on the promise to improve people’s lives; only such policies will truly allow Myanmar to reduce the harm caused by problematic drug use, trafficking and production.
  11. The Hidden Costs of RCEP and corporate trade deals in Asia

    • Cecilia Olivet, Kat Moore, Sam Cossar-Gilbert, Natacha Cingotti
    08 December 2016
    Report

    The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) trade deal under negotiation between 16 Asian countries would grant corporations exclusive rights to sue governments at international tribunals. This report reveals that investors have launched 50 lawsuits at secret international arbitration tribunals against governments negotiating the RCEP agreement for a total of at least $31 billion US dollars. These lawsuits provide a warning of the potential high costs of the proposed RCEP trade deal. RCEP will deepen the rights of investors and lock in place this system of privatised justice.

  12. ‘Found in the Dark’

    • Ernestien Jensema, Nang Pann Ei Kham
    11 October 2016
    Policy briefing

    To address its serious drug use problems, Myanmar should change its drug policy towards a harm reduction approach. Instead of a repressive approach, voluntary and evidence-based treatment and public health services, including harm reduction, should be made available and become generally accepted by enforcement officials and by the community at large.

  13. The China-Myanmar border at Muse-Ruili/ TNI

    China’s Engagement in Myanmar: From Malacca Dilemma to Transition Dilemma

    18 July 2016
    Policy briefing

    Myanmar’s political transition, which began in 2011, has brought China’s relationship with the country into question. China has made important steps to recognise this, but fundamental difficulties remain, including ongoing ethnic conflict and conflicting visions of development. Given their proximity and troubled histories, it is essential that good relations are developed between the two countries on the basis of equality and mutual respect. This briefing outlines the key histories, developments and strategies in recent Myanmar-China relations.

  14. အမ်ိဳးသမီးမပါဘဲ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းမႈမရွိႏိုင္ - ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအတြင္း က်ား/မတန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ၊ စစ္မက္ပ႗ိပကၡႏွင့္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး

    23 May 2016
    Policy briefing

    ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးတည္ေဆာက္မႈႏွင့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးတြင္ က်ား/မေရးရာကိစၥ၊ တုိင္းရင္း သားအေရးႏွင့္ အျခား သ႐ုပ္လကၡဏာမ်ား အၾကား ဆက္စပ္ပတ္သက္ေနမႈမ်ားကုိ ပုိမုိနားလည္သေဘာေပါက္ ရန္ လုိအပ္ေနသည္မွာ ၾကာၿပီျဖစ္သည္။ ႏုိင္ငံအတြင္း ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခုိင္ၿမဲသည့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္း ေရးႏွင့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီစနစ္ကုိ တည္ေဆာက္ရန္ ပဋိပကၡ ေျဖရွင္းမႈႏွင့္ ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္အဆင့္ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမႈတြင္ အမ်ဳိးသမီးအဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ား၏ ပါဝင္မႈႏွင့္ အမ်ဳိးသမီးအခြင့္အေရးမ်ား ႏွင့္ပတ္သက္သည့္ တုိးတက္မႈအေျခ အေနသည္ အေရးပါလွပါသည္။

  15. Land Confiscations and Collective Action in Myanmar’s Dawei Special Economic Zone Area: Implications for Rural Democratization

    • Yukari Sekine
    04 February 2016
    Paper

    The recent political and economic liberalization in Burma/Myanmar, while indicative of some positive steps toward democratisation, has increased foreign and domestic investments and geared the economy toward industrialisation and large-scale agriculture. Land governance procedures and implementation tend to favour the more powerful and well-connected, with little protection mechanism for the majority smallholding farmers in the country.

  16. The Meaning of Land in Myanmar

    • Jennifer Franco, Hannah Twomey, Khu Khu Ju, Pietje Vervest, Tom Kramer
    28 January 2016
    Primer

    “Land is like our vein; it is vital for our living. After our land was confiscated, we don’t know what to do for our livelihood,” says a farmer from Kachin State in Myanmar. Today many inhabitants of rural communities in Myanmar live under threat of losing their lands in a battle for resources spurred by ethnic conflict, exploitative land laws, and powerful economic actors. The existence of a legal right to the land does not translate into that right being respected in practice, and people across the country are now working to protect their right to the land.

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