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    Drug Policy in Portugal

    • Artur Domoslawski
    31 August 2011

    In 2000, the Portuguese government responded to widespread public concern over drugs by rejecting a "war on drugs" approach and instead decriminalized drug possession and use. It further rebuffed convention by placing the responsibility for decreasing drug demand as well as managing dependence under the Ministry of Health, rather than the Ministry of Justice. With this, the official response toward drug dependent persons shifted from viewing them as criminals, to treating them as patients.

    Download the report (PDF)

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    Drug Policy in Portugal

    • Artur Domoslawski
    31 August 2011

    In 2000, the Portuguese government responded to widespread public concern over drugs by rejecting a "war on drugs" approach and instead decriminalized drug possession and use. It further rebuffed convention by placing the responsibility for decreasing drug demand as well as managing dependence under the Ministry of Health, rather than the Ministry of Justice. With this, the official response toward drug dependent persons shifted from viewing them as criminals, to treating them as patients.

    Download the report (PDF)

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    Global Inequalities, Alternative Regionalism and the Future of Socialism

    • Tom Reifer
    30 August 2011
    Paper

    This paper examines global inequalities and the future of capitalism and socialism through an investigation of the oligarchic wealth on which the current global order is based and also looks at growing challenges to these social foundations of the present global system.

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    Encarcelamientos por delitos relacionados con estupefacientes en Argentina

    • Alejandro Corda
    29 August 2011

    ACorda-libroIntercambios Asociación Civil y la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Buenos Aires han publicado el libro, "Encarcelamientos por delitos relacionados con estupefacientes en Argentina", de Alejandro Corda. El autor es integrante del equipo de investigación de Intercambios, del proyecto UBACyT “Políticas estatales de control de drogas e instituciones sanitarias de atención para usuarios de drogas”. Y hace parte igualmente del equipo de investigadores de nuestro proyecto sobre reforma a la ley de drogas en América Latina.

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    How to determine personal use in drug legislation

    • Grazia Zuffa
    23 August 2011

    Distinguishing between drug possession for personal use and supply and trafficking is widely acknowledged as one of the most difficult and controversial issues facing drug legislators and policy makers. To address the problem, two solutions are typically enacted: the threshold scheme and the "flexible" model.

    application-pdfDownload the briefing (PDF)

    Versione italiana (PDF)

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    Cocaine addiction treatments to improve control and reduce harm (CATCH)

    • Mascha Nuijten, Peter Blanken, Wim van den Brink, Vincent Hendriks
    18 August 2011

    cocaine-addiction-treatmentsCocaine, particularly in its base form ('crack'), has become one of the drugs of most concern in the Netherlands, being associated with a wide range of medical, psychiatric and social problems for the individual, and with significant public order consequences for society. Available treatment options for cocaine dependent users are limited, and a substantial part of the cocaine dependent population is not reached by the addiction treatment system.

    application-pdfDownload the article (PDF)

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    Cómo determinar el consumo personal en la legislación sobre drogas

    • Grazia Zuffa
    15 August 2011

    Distinguir entre la posesión de estupefacientes para consumo personal o para la oferta y el tráfico se considera, por lo general, como uno de los problemas más difíciles y controvertidos a los que se enfrentan legisladores y responsables de políticas en materia de drogas. Para abordar este problema, se suelen aplicar dos soluciones: el sistema de umbrales y el modelo ‘flexible’.

    Descarga el informe (PDF)

    application-pdfVersione italiana (PDF)

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    Sueños de reforma de las políticas contra las drogas y del Régimen Internacional de Control de drogas

    • Francisco Thoumi
    15 August 2011

    pp37Durante los últimos años se ha insinuado la posibilidad de abrir el debate sobre la flexibilización de las políticas contra las drogas. Esto indica que a pesar de las afirmaciones oficiales de la Oficina de las Naciones Unidas Contra la Droga y el Delito (Onudd) sobre el éxito de las políticas punitivas y represivas contra las drogas, para muchos grupos de la sociedad civil éstas no han tenido los logros que sus formuladores esperaban o pregonan.

    application-pdfDescarga el informe (PDF)

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    Strengthening public water in Africa

    • Samir Bensaid
    02 August 2011
    Paper

    While both North–South partnerships and SouthSouth Partnerships have strengths and limitations, linking these in networked models is an effective way to mobilise expertise and funding and achieve success.

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    Cocaine addiction treatments to improve control and reduce harm (CATCH)

    • Mascha Nuijten, Peter Blanken, Wim van den Brink, Vincent Hendriks
    31 July 2011

    cocaine-addiction-treatmentsCocaine, particularly in its base form ('crack'), has become one of the drugs of most concern in the Netherlands, being associated with a wide range of medical, psychiatric and social problems for the individual, and with significant public order consequences for society. Available treatment options for cocaine dependent users are limited, and a substantial part of the cocaine dependent population is not reached by the addiction treatment system.

    application-pdfDownload the article (PDF)

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    IDPC response to the 2010 Annual Report of the International Narcotics Control Board

    31 July 2011

    idpc-incb2010The Report of the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) for 2010 reveals not only the INCB’s continuing habit of exceeding its mandate, but also an enthusiasm for censuring what it regards as moves towards the liberalization of policy practice while preferring to remain silent on other areas that are within its purview and merit attention. This IDPC report concludes that this year’s Report does reflect some positive changes in the INCB’s outlook, but these are still outweighed by familiar negative practices and positions.

    Download the report (PDF)

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    IDPC response to the 2010 Annual Report of the International Narcotics Control Board

    31 July 2011

    idpc-incb2010The Report of the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) for 2010 reveals not only the INCB’s continuing habit of exceeding its mandate, but also an enthusiasm for censuring what it regards as moves towards the liberalization of policy practice while preferring to remain silent on other areas that are within its purview and merit attention. This IDPC report concludes that this year’s Report does reflect some positive changes in the INCB’s outlook, but these are still outweighed by familiar negative practices and positions.

    Download the report (PDF)

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    La reconciliación jurídica de Bolivia con la Convención Única sobre Estupefacientes

    15 July 2011

    idpc-bolivia-sEl 29 de junio de 2011, el gobierno boliviano anunció su retirada formal de la Convención Única de 1961 sobre Estupefacientes enmendada por el Protocolo de 1972, indicando su intención de volver a adherirse a ella con una reserva que permita el uso tradicional de la hoja de coca. La decisión se vio desencadenada por la necesidad de Bolivia de conciliar las obligaciones que tiene en virtud del sistema internacional de control de drogas con sus compromisos constitucionales y otros deberes jurídicos internacionales. Bolivia da este paso después de que este mismo año se haya rechazado su propuesta de modificar la Convención Única eliminando la obligación de abolir la masticación de la hoja de coca (artículo 49).

    application-pdfDescarga la nota completa (PDF)

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    Alternative Development from the perspective of Colombian farmers

    • Susana Ojeda
    11 July 2011
    Policy briefing

    There is considerable debate on whether Alternative Development is successful from the point of view of experts and politicians, but what do Colombian farmers targeted by these programmes think and what are the implications for their daily lives?

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    Bolivia’s legal reconciliation with the UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs

    11 July 2011

    idpc-boliviaOn 29 June 2011, the Bolivian government denounced the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs as amended by the 1972 Protocol, indicating its intention to re-accede with a reservation allowing for the traditional use of the coca leaf. This decision was triggered by Bolivia’s need to balance its obligations under the international drug control system with its constitutional and other international legal commitments. The move follows the rejection of Bolivia’s proposal to amend the Single Convention by deleting the obligation to abolish coca leaf chewing (Article 49) earlier this year.

    application-pdfDownload the full advocacy note (PDF)

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    Khat use in Europe

    01 July 2011

    Khat leaves are cultivated in the highlands of the Horn of Africa, Southern Arabia and along the East African coast. In many countries, chewing khat is an age-old tradition. More recently, the mass migration of people from the Horn of Africa has been associated with the spread of khat usage to neighbouring countries, Europe and the rest of the world. Exact numbers of regular khat users on a worldwide scale do not exist, however estimates range up to 20 million. This paper presents the challenges associated with the spread of khat consumption.

    Download the paper (PDF)

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    El consumo de khat en Europa

    01 July 2011

    khat-drugsinfocus-sLas hojas de khat se cultivan en las regiones montañosas del Cuerno de África, en el sur de la península arábiga y a lo largo de la costa este de África. Desde hace siglos, en algunas partes del Cuerno de África mascan las hojas de khat debido a los efectos ligeramente estimulantes que, para muchos, constituyen un referente habitual de la vida en sociedad. Más recientemente, la masiva migración de poblaciones procedentes del Cuerno de África ha contribuido a extender el consumode khat a países limítrofes, a Europa y al resto del mundo.

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    Uptake, benefits of and barriers to safer crack use kit (SCUK) distribution programmes in Victoria, Canada

    • Andrew Ivsins, Eric Roth, Nadine Nakamura, Mel Krajden, Benedikt Fischer
    30 June 2011

    publicationCrack use is prevalent amongst street drug users in Canadian cities, and associated with severe drug use, health and social problems. Whilst few targeted interventions are available for crack use, the common use and sharing of hazardous makeshift paraphernalia are a key concern, as these risks may be associated with oral injury and blood-borne virus (BBV) transmission amongst users. Recently, distribution programmes of so-called 'safer crack use kits' (SCUKs) have been initiated in select Canadian cities, primarily to reduce the use of unsafe materials and paraphernalia sharing amongst crack users. This study explored uptake and benefits of, barriers to, and possible improvements to two recently implemented SCUK distribution programme in Victoria, Canada.

    application-pdfDownload the article (PDF)

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    Uptake, benefits of and barriers to safer crack use kit (SCUK) distribution programmes in Victoria, Canada

    • Andrew Ivsins, Eric Roth, Nadine Nakamura, Mel Krajden, Benedikt Fischer
    30 June 2011

    publicationCrack use is prevalent amongst street drug users in Canadian cities, and associated with severe drug use, health and social problems. Whilst few targeted interventions are available for crack use, the common use and sharing of hazardous makeshift paraphernalia are a key concern, as these risks may be associated with oral injury and blood-borne virus (BBV) transmission amongst users. Recently, distribution programmes of so-called 'safer crack use kits' (SCUKs) have been initiated in select Canadian cities, primarily to reduce the use of unsafe materials and paraphernalia sharing amongst crack users. This study explored uptake and benefits of, barriers to, and possible improvements to two recently implemented SCUK distribution programme in Victoria, Canada.

    application-pdfDownload the article (PDF)

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