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7 items
  1. Consertando um sistema falido

    • Juan Carlos Garzón Vergara
    28 Diciembre 2014
    Policy briefing

    Apesar dos esforços dos governos latino-americanos, as drogas ilícitas continuam a representar uma das maiores fontes de receita para as organizações criminosas, lhes permitindo penetrar instituições políticas e sociais corruptas. As organizações criminosas exploram as vulnerabilidades do Estado e tiram proveito da incapacidade dos governos de garantir a segurança de seus cidadãos. Com poucas exceções, a fraca capacidade dos governos latino-americanos se reflete em altos índices de homicídios, níveis notórios de impunidade, e o sentimento de desconfiança que os cidadãos alimentam sobre as instituições judiciárias e policiais.

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    El nexo entre drogas y violencia en el Triángulo del Norte

    Liza ten Velde
    28 Noviembre 2012
    En los medios

    debate19sMéxico ha sido el centro de atención en lo que respecta a la violencia relacionada con drogas en América Latina. Si bien este ‘enfoque mexicano’ aún prevalece, es en el Triángulo del Norte de Centroamérica – Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador – donde actualmente se ven tasas mucho más altas de violencia y un incremento en la actividad de las organizaciones dedicadas al tráfico de drogas, una clara ilustración del ‘efecto globo’ que México experimentase después de la implementación del Plan Colombia. En su conjunto, los países del Triángulo del Norte son ahora una de las regiones más violentas del planeta.

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    Aportes del Colectivo de Estudios Drogas y Derecho (CEDD)

    31 Octubre 2012

    cedd-oaeCon este informe el Colectivo de Estudios de Drogas y Derecho (CEDD) pretende aportar al análisis y la reflexión iniciado en el marco de la evaluación de las políticas de drogas de la CICAD/OEA, por mandato de la VI Cumbre de las Américas, compartiendo con los expertos un importante esfuerzo de investigación realizado en los últimos años en parte del hemisferio, sobre dos áreas planteadas: “los desafíos en materia de seguridad y relaciones entre drogas, violencia y crimen organizado” y, “los aspectos jurídicos y normativos alternativos”.

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    If Supply-Oriented Drug Policy is Broken, Can Harm Reduction Help Fix It?

    • Victoria Greenfield, Letizia Paoli
    01 Agosto 2010

    usnawp30Critics of the international drug control regime contend that supply-oriented policy interventions are not just ineffective, but they also produce unintended adverse consequences. Research suggests their claims have merit. Lasting local reductions in opium production are possible, albeit rare; but, unless global demand shrinks, production will shift elsewhere, with little or no effect on the aggregate supply of heroin and, potentially, at some expense to exiting and newly emerging suppliers.

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    Towards a harm reduction approach to enforcement

    • Jonathan P Caulkins, Peter Reuter (RAND)
    01 Enero 2009

    hr-enforcementHarm-reduction as a policy goal implies targeting directly drug-related harms rather than drug use itself. So far it has been largely a public health sector movement, focused on harms to users, most notably from heroin overdose, injection drug use and club drugs. Harm-reduction has offered fewer solutions to the problems of drug-related crime, violence, corruption or market externalities. However, harm-reduction has potentially much broader application when applied to the entire suite of harms generated by the production, distribution, consumption and control of drugs, not just drug use.

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    Police, Harm Reduction, and HIV

    01 Abril 2008

    hr-policeInjecting drug users (IDUs) account for the largest share of HIV infections in China, Russia, Ukraine, Central Asia, and much of Southeast Asia. Harm reduction measures such as access to clean needles and drug treatment with methadone or buprenorphine have been proven to reduce HIV risk behaviors. Yet law enforcement officials in many countries harass drug users at drug treatment clinics and needle exchange points, confiscate their medications, or arrest them for possession of clean syringes. These police practices help fuel the HIV epidemic by driving drug users away from lifesaving care while doing little to stem drug use.

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    Displacement of Canada’s largest public illicit drug market in response to a police crackdown

    • Evan Wood, Patricia M. Spittal, Will Small, Thomas Kerr, Kathy Li, Robert S. Hogg, Mark W. Tyndall, Julio S.G. Montaner, Martin T. Schechter
    10 Mayo 2004

    publicationLaw enforcement is often used in an effort to reduce the social, community and health-related harms of illicit drug use by injection drug users (IDUs). There are, however, few data on the benefits of such enforcement or on the potential harms. A large-scale police “crackdown” to control illicit drug use in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside provided us with an opportunity to evaluate the effect.

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